In bathrooms establish a plurality of plumbing fixtures each of which is connected to water supply and sewers. Siphons, valves, meters, pipes and hoses can deteriorate any interior, so many landlords trying to hide them.
A great option masking - auditing the hatch under the tile. Here the main thing - to choose a suitable design and mount it correctly. Let's see, what to look for when choosing an audit of the hatch, and what rules should to adhere to a set design served for a long time without any complaints on it functionality.
The content of the article:
- What functions are performed by audit hatches?
- Design features models
- The nuances of choosing the right hatch
- Installation instructions hatch under the tile
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
What functions are performed by audit hatches?
To mask electrical and piping, as well as the space under the bath using special boxes, screens and other similar structures.
All are well close unsightly knots, but the need for access to communications remains. To serve this niche audit.
So no problems to inspect and repair the sanitary devices, pipelines, replacing the counters, leave audit niche. They are covered with special hatches
Some models hatches for audit niches originally designed so that they can be paste over the same covers that decorate the walls: wallpaper, tiles or panels.
Such designs do not stand out against the walls, so they are called invisible.
Under the bathroom is a lot of space. It is usually close-screen TV, and a technical niche - hatch. These designs can perform not only the masking function. If the screen to attach shelves and in auditing large niche to place bottles of cleaners and detergents, you can free up space in the wall cabinet and save the useful area
Sometimes, niches in the walls are used to store a stock of hygiene products, sponges, towels and other necessary accessories. They perform the function of the cabinets, but it does not take up space in the bathroom.
Such niche storage too close auditing hatches under the tile, and they do not attract too much attention.
Technical niche, closed the hatches, not just mask the equipment, but also protect against accidental physical damage, moisture, extreme temperatures
you can give free rein to design a fantasy and not to worry that the pipes or wires hopelessly spoil the interior thanks to hatches invisibility. They can be hidden, and easy to access when needed. The main thing - time to time to carry out technical inspections, that behind the beautiful façade is not there a pipeline leak or failure counters.
Design features models
Hatches are mounted in different parts of the room - ceilings, walls, floors. In many respects from the place of accommodation depends on the intended design of each particular model. Unchanged two main parts - the frame and the door, the other elements may vary depending on operating conditions.
Each model has its own structural features, but the basic principles of the device are approximately identical: the frame, hinges and the door
By choosing the dimensions and technical niche sanitary manhole model. They are usually 20h20-120h120 see. The frame is firmly set in the opening, and then mount the door. Most often they are fastened to the hinges, which may be made of metal or plastic (depending on the material of the frame).
There are two main types of frames:
- adjustable. The owner can choose the frame size, and the excess material is cut just right tool for metal.
- unregulated. hatch size is set during manufacture and can not be changed.
There is also a frameless model. They are mounted by means of magnetic plates, and the basic elements are fixed onto a silicon sealant or other suitable adhesives. Combined hatches are locked by the frame and magnetic plates.
Materials of construction for frame and door covers, varied. For frames aluminum is most often used, and the door can be made of metal, plastic, aluminum, drywall, styrofoam
Inspection hatches are opened by using suction pads, pens. Also common push model, which relegated after clicking on the door plane.
Depending on the niche locations can be found a hatch that opens to the left or right. There are models that are moved in a vertical plane.
Floor models are often equipped with a folding mechanism for opening the door. There are hatches with removable cover. This design is very useful if communications are located under the floor or need to equip the entrance to the cellar. The outer part of the model, trim tiles and it becomes completely invisible against the background of the floor surface
Inspection hatches in the ceiling often conceal electrical wiring or important components of the ventilation system. Usually it is a powerful model with a folding mechanism, holding the door open. On the ceiling tile models are rarely assembled, so as not to increase the weight. Most often, the door paint or wallpaper
The size and location of technical niches plan ahead when designing communication connection scheme. Often have to establish not one but 2-3 hatch. For example, in combination bathroom need to leave an audit for sewer riser, technical niche for access to the siphon bathroom. Also, you may need camouflage designs for water pipes and forced ventilation system
In many areas inconvenient hinged or sliding doors. Then the owners buy or made removable hatches. The advantage of structures that are fully open space niche, and repairs can be carried out without fear of catch or break the door. Removable hatches and trim tiles
Inspection door under the tile in the floor
Luke masking communications on the ceiling
Making audit niches in the wall
Luke invisible with removable door
Inspection hatches - comfortable design, are perfectly hide communication connecting nodes without prejudice to the freedom of access to them. They are easy to install and use, reliable.
Design does not need any special care: the surface of the doors can be washed by the same means as those used for the walls.
Some designs are equipped with a powerful opening mechanisms capable of withstanding considerable weight. Such models may be safely finish even heavy materials, e.g., artificial or natural stone
In the process of auditing the use of the hatch is only necessary to monitor the state of the opening mechanism, timely lubricate the machine oil and as needed to carry out minor repairs. Then the door will serve as much as the wall and finishing as a whole.
In some cases, you can even replace the tiles on the door surface, if carefully dismantle the old coating.
Manufacturers establish such mechanisms of opening doors:
Each of the opening type has its own advantages. When you select should focus on ease of use.
It is the most familiar and popular type of doors. Articulated hinge mechanism disposed on inner side of the structure, however invisible when the door is closed. Manufacturers should consider the technological holes in the chassis, and the buyer can not count, where to place the fasteners. It is important to choose the size of the door under the tile to finish hung over the edge of no more than 5 mm. If the tile is smooth, perfect grip in the form of a sucker, but for rough finishing material will have to choose another option, because suckers will not stick
This is a great option of opening the door, if it is planning to finish the relief tiles. The mechanism works like this: when pressing the surface of the door is not pushed forward a little, and then swings in the same way as a conventional swing. An important caveat: in the door jam both hands, the palms should be arranged symmetrically. To avoid sudden movements and pressed gently
This is a good choice if the audit niche located in a remote place (for the toilet cistern, next to furniture, large household appliances). Sunroof slightly pushed forward, and then zooms out to the side. Thanks to an ingenious opening systems, the doors do not cling to the wall finish and do not damage it. The opening mechanism may be operated handle or push-sucker
Sometimes it is necessary to equip the audit openings in places where it is impossible to open the door, or even move without damaging the finish, plumbing or furniture. In this case it is necessary to look at the convertible model. They open at an angle. It includes a total of chain-hooks that securely hold the door. With this door position can be carried out a cursory examination of communications, and to repair it better to completely remove
Swing doors opener
Luke invisible to the pressure mechanism
Sliding mechanism with three-tier loops
Hinged hatch for tight areas
One can hardly think of a more convenient mechanism of opening than the swing. However, the audit is often required in places where access is difficult due to equipment or furniture. Then come to the rescue folding and sliding model.
If there is a place at least on one side, it is better to choose a sliding mechanism. And in areas with difficult access more suitable folding design with the possibility of removing the door completely.
The nuances of choosing the right hatch
When sizing guided by the following parameters:
- Dimensions Technical niche. The aperture can be a little lay or extend, but in general, the hatch must match the niche, or access to equipment is difficult.
- The dimensions of the door. The ratio of parameters of the support frame and the hatch itself may be different. It is necessary to clearly define how much space is required for detailed inspection and repair of communications.
- tile size. Wall coverings are usually bought in advance, and it facilitates the selection of doors. Tile must extend beyond the surface of the hatch at 0.5-0.7 cm (or better, to the maximum protrusion is not more than 5 mm). It is also important that each tile is securely fixed over 60% of its area must be located on the door hatch.
For spacious bathrooms, you can select the swing hatch and close to the best fit sliding or folding model.
If the opening is located on the Auditing niche drywall or falshstene, you should give preference to lightweight folding design on the aluminum frame.
A great option - setting models with gas springs. When you purchase should carefully check the packaging and make sure that the spring mechanism provided therein. If not, it will have to buy them separately
There are many manufacturers of inspection openings, whose products are worthy of attention.
The top three always includes such brands:
- «Phantom». The main advantage of the hatches of the brand - powerful robust loops that can withstand considerable loads. Even with a heavy door trim does not sag in operation for many years.
- «Hammer». Feature "Hammer" models - high-strength frame. The secret lies in the quality of their assembly features: manufacturer uses argon-arc welding.
- «Glory». It covers with durable furniture that can withstand almost any weight finish. Door models can be veneered with ceramic tiles and natural stone even. They are not deformed.
The range of hatches invisible extensive, and for each of the Audit niche sure to find a suitable model. It is important not to save and buy a design with a solid frame and good accessories.
Sometimes doing technical large niche, for example, if it is necessary for the mask falshstenoy boiler, a distributor, a filter, a counter, a manifold of hot and cold water or other equipment. Often large auditing niche is required in the toilet or combination bathroom to service the sewers. If you find a suitably sized hatch fails, you can resort to other Communications masking techniques.
Double door frame inspection openings are made of durable materials. They must withstand high loads. If the size of a large niche, and plans to finish the door with ceramic tiles, it makes sense to order a reinforced structure
If the opening width is greater than 70 cm, you can select single-door hatch with a solid frame and powerful opening mechanism, but it is better to stay on the two-door model. Most of these hatches are fitted with push or swing opening mechanism.
In the second case, the kit additionally includes handle-sucker.
Some manufacturers have taken care to be sure customers see the installation instructions. They placed it directly on the cardboard, which are packed model. If you buy two-door design, be sure to familiarize yourself with its mounting technology
The maximum size of a standard two-door model is 120 x 160 cm, but even more the hatch can be ordered if necessary. In this case, should be defined in advance with the dimensions of each of the doors.
They are calculated as a function of the selected tiles: it is necessary that when the door is not clung to each other, but it was beautifully decorated decoration material.
Two-door models under the tiles can be fitted with any opening mechanism. The most convenient and reliable door - swing. However, the location of the Audit niche is inconvenient for them to open. Then it makes sense to consider other options
As for the materials of doors, choosing two-door inspection openings is better to give preference to models from moisture-resistant gypsum board. Option drywall should not even be considered, as he would not survive severe stress, quickly deform and fail. Its only advantage - low cost.
Installation instructions hatch under the tile
Installation work of auditing the hatch can be divided into several stages:
- Preparation of the opening.
- Installation frame with doors.
- Finishing the outer surface of the doors.
- Finishing work.
Each stage provides for several types of work. In order to avoid difficulties, offer helpful tips for installation with illustrations:
When the hatch is chosen, the opening is measured and adjusted under the frame structure. Too large a niche reduced. Typically this is done using a metal profile. After the end of the following example, the hatch and make sure it gets into the opening niches. Do not leave large gaps: the frame must include tight, but not enough to deform
The finished design is usually a technological holes. If not, they should be drilled yourself or set the frame to the mounting foam. For convenience of installation it first hatch can be fixed clamp (useful for niches in drywall partitions). The frame is fixed to the dowel, aligning on the level. If the reference frame is made of plastic, it can be installed with an adhesive (fit "Titan") or liquid nails
For sealing the joint use of silicone sealants. It is best to choose a special sanitary structure with fungicides. He is hygienic, does not contribute to proliferation of mold and mildew. Sealant pick the color of the grout, and is introduced into the seam on all its depth, remove the excess and allowed to polymerize. After drying, cut the seam filler
Tiles or mosaics are laid either on special adhesive composition or the liquid nails. It is not necessary to apply silicone sealant: it would be a big mistake. Feature silicone compositions - elasticity of the finished coatings. Tiles, fixed on a material will bounce, causing shattering grout. Decorating should protrude slightly beyond the bottom part of the door (2-3 mm is enough)
Step 1 - Preparation of the hatch opening and
Step 2 - setting invisible hatch opening niche
Step 3 - sealing seam between the structure and the wall
Step 4 - Finish audit hatch tiled
After the installation is only to make sure that the door is functioning normally, the seam neat, and the tiles would not cling to when you open the door. If all goes well, construction is completely ready for operation.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
many factors to consider when buying and installing auditing hatch under the tile. To avoid confusion and to successfully cope with the task, read useful videos on the subject.
The video is dedicated to the diversity of structures and hatch opening mechanism:
The correct calculation of the size - the most difficult task in selecting an appropriate model. Listen to expert advice:
With the installation of the hatch can handle any man who has learned to hold in their hands the tools. However, there are a few things that should be paid special attention:
The need for revision manholes occurs infrequently: preventive examinations carried out every few months. But these uncomplicated design come to the rescue in difficult situations, when an urgent need to eliminate the leak, to clean the siphon or replace the meter.
Due hatches invisibility can you arrange the interior, not focusing on the elements that ensure its functionality.
Choose the inspection door, but still completely undecided? Or already have experience with similar designs, and you can give valuable advice for our readers? Please leave your comments on this item, ask questions on the subject located in the block below.