Criteria for selection of natural tile: type, shape, size

Contents

  1. Advantages and disadvantages of
  2. Rules for choosing a natural tile
  • Ceramic or cement-sand?
  • Color and shape
  • What size tile is needed?
  • Reliability of connection
  • Requirements for buildings
  • Maintenance of natural tile
  • At the end of
  • Natural tile slowly and confidently begins to regain its former popularity in the domestic market. Today, it is valued for its luxurious appearance, environmental friendliness, durability and excellent performance. Moreover, the roof of such a material does not have to constantly be repaired, which is probably the most important advantage of natural tile. The market for this building material is extensive and offers two main types of natural tile - ceramic and cement-sand .They differ in manufacturing method and materials that underlie, but the general properties remain the same. What are the advantages of in natural tiles and how to choose the right option ?

    The advantages and disadvantages of

    Natural tile today has received great recognition and widespread in the world thanks to its

    numerous advantages :

    • incredible durability , which is 100 years or more;
    • possibility to install, even if the roof has a complex surface ;
    • is an environmentally friendly , and therefore a completely safe material;
    • the ability of to withstand all environmental influences: : precipitation, heat, frost, direct sunlight;
    • high strength, reliability , fire resistance;
    • excellent sound and heat insulation qualities , so the house will be as comfortable as possible: the rain will not beat drumming on the whole house, hitting the roof, and the optimum temperature will be maintained in winter and summer;
    • elegant appearance and a variety of options;
    • , since the tile consists of individual small particles, it is easy to replace them if something happens, so will spend a minimum of time and effort on repairing .

    For the sake of justice, it is worth noting that natural tile is not without and some drawbacks :

    • high price, because for durability, naturalness and appearance you have to pay. But the cement-sand tile is much cheaper than ceramic, because the production process is not so expensive, and the materials for its production are more common in nature;
    • need to be installed manually , stacking each element, but if the area of ​​the roof is small, or it has a complex shape, then the disadvantage turns into the advantage described above;
    • with significant mechanical loads such a material property as brittleness may appear, but for this to happen, the pressure must be very strong;
    • material has heavy , so you need to be sure that the building can withstand the load.

    From all this we can conclude that natural tile, despite some drawbacks, is one of the most optimal roofing materials at the moment. And if the choice is stopped on it, then you need to know the main criteria for choosing a natural tile .

    Rules for the selection of natural tiles

    Ceramic or cement-sand?

    The ceramic tile is made from clay of certain rocks, the deposits of which in the world are not so much, which explains the high price of the material. The production of this material consists of three stages: preparation, shaping of the crock and its firing .The starting material is ceramic, it is potter's clay, which is mixed until a homogeneous mass is reached. Then plasticizers are added to it, which helps to facilitate the molding process. The tile is made in two ways: stamping and belt .The first case involves the shaping of the tape, which is subsequently divided into independent tiles. The second case involves pressing the tiles in special metal forms. The semifinished product, regardless of the method of its production, is subsequently calcined with a temperature of about 1000 degrees. For more information about the installation process and other benefits, you can learn on the website of the manufacturer of ceramic tiles - braas.ru.

    The sand-cement tile is not fired during production, and, as its name suggests, it contains cement, sand, and coloring elements. The color of such tiles can be anything, and on top of the material is covered with a protective composition to achieve maximum resistance to environmental factors and durability. Since in this case there is no laborious and resource-intensive firing procedure, price for sand-cement tiles is much lower than .Moreover, the deposits of the necessary raw materials are much larger.

    Externally, both types of tile are very similar, and their performance is generally the same, however, the sand-cement tile even surpasses ceramic in strength and frost resistance. That is why today the sand-cement tile becomes very popular, and often the choice falls on it, especially if there is a need to save, while retaining all the properties of the ceramic tile known from ancient times.

    The color and shape of

    There are a lot of varieties of natural tile, so everyone will be able to arrange the roof as they see fit. Ceramic tile can be of the following types of :

    • angoed , when the material is covered with a thin layer of clay. It gives the tile dullness and improves the stability of the sun;
    • glazed has a glossy surface, bright color, and also repels dirt;
    • can also be found in natural tile, which, in addition, is not painted with , therefore it has a noble natural brownish-red color.

    As for the form of the , the ceramic tile boasts a decent variety. So, most often you can find tiles of such species as Spanish and German, smooth and undulating, diamond-shaped and two-phase, beaver tail and gross .In addition, each produce develops and produces its original forms and types of tiles. The variety of colors and shades is huge, and today many manufacturers have begun to produce also two-color tiles.

    The cement-sand tile can be of any shade, as it is colored in the mass with pigments of a certain color. A variety of forms are more modest , and you can usually find dual- or single-wave S -shaped tiles , and also double Roman and old-style tiles.

    It is worth noting that the cement-sand tile is larger than ceramic, and its size is 42 * 33 cm or 41 * 24 cm. In the first case about 10 units are needed to cover a square meter of the roof, and in the second case 15 units are needed.

    What tile size is needed?

    The size of the tile is inextricably linked with its consumption : the larger the size of each element, the less these elements will be needed. All that natural tile, which is presented on the modern market, fits into the range of use from 9.5 to 15 pieces per square meter of roofing.

    Of course, the size of the tile can significantly change the look of the house, and everyone has the right to choose the products that he likes, but it is important to take into account some expert advice. So, if the roof area is small, up to 400 m2 , then it is better to refrain from purchasing too large tiles, the consumption of which is less than 11 pieces per square meter. Otherwise, the building will look inharmonious.

    Reliability of

    connection The roof tightness depends on a reliable locking connection. When buying, you need to pay attention to the number of locks: there should be at least two of them, one for each on the top and side faces. The protruding part should lie tightly in the groove, which ensures reliable protection against the ingress of snow and rain between the elements of the tile. If the castle joint is made poorly, then the roof of the tiles will quickly become unusable, after 10-20 years, and besides, the insulation may stop working.

    Requirements for buildings

    When choosing natural tile for your house, it is important to remember that it is not suitable for any structure for a number of reasons. This is a fairly heavy material: a square meter of ceramic tile weighs about 75 kg, and cement-sand - a little less, 45 kg. It creates significant pressure on the floor, and the roof system must withstand not only the weight of the tile, but also possible precipitation.

    There are also requirements for the roof slope: tiles can be used if the angle of inclination is between 20 and 45 degrees. With a steeper slope, you can also use natural tile, but it is important to provide additional solutions to improve the reliability and tightness of the roof. You will also need to pay maximum attention to waterproofing and ventilation, if the slope of the roof is less than 22 degrees.

    Maintenance of natural tile

    In order for this roofing material to serve you faithfully for decades, you need to properly care for it. It is not difficult. All accumulated dirt from the roof is removed with a large pressure of water once every 3-4 years, and if there is a glossy coating on the tile, then the dirt will not accumulate less intensively. If the coating is not cleaned with water, then, unfortunately, the pollution began to penetrate into the inner layers of the material, and special means will have to be used.

    If the roof of your house is decorated with old tiles, which was made when the technologies were not so perfect, and the layer of paint did not adhere well to the tile material, then gradually it may begin to peel off. In this case, the material can be restored to its previous appearance by staining with special paints. It is better to carry out the painting at a temperature of 15-20 degrees and at such a time of year that the paint does not overheat in the sun during the drying process.

    In conclusion,

    The choice of natural tile today is huge, it has earned popularity for its amazing performance and ease of maintenance. In order to choose the most appropriate material for specific conditions, it is necessary to take into account a lot of factors: color and appearance, size, type of coating, as well as production material, because the cement-sand tile will be much cheaper, and its properties are almost identical to ceramic.

    Tags: Tile
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