The reasons for which blockages are formed in the sewer pipes, a few: incorrect installation, careless operation of the sewage system, the old pipe. But the consequences are always the same - there is a plug that hinders the normal movement of the waste water.
In this case, need urgent cleaning sewer pipes. Next, we will explain in detail what would be required tools and technologies.
The content of the article:
- 3 signs malfunction sewerage
Mechanical and chemical cleaning of pipes
- Option 1: plumber's snake
- Option 2: plunger and its analogues
- Option 3: soda and Specialty Chemicals
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
3 signs malfunction sewerage
If the sink holes are not installed grates, traps and pipes in the fall municipal waste, and on the walls of the fat is deposited.
Sooner or later, the thickness of the layer becomes such that dirt hinders free passage of liquid and any solid particles are able to tightly occlude the tube.
On the inner walls of sewer pipes are protein and fat. Under the influence of the bacteria they decompose and stink. The structure includes poisonous hydrogen sulfide gas, which is adversely affecting the central nervous people. It can cause headaches, fainting, depression
There are several signs by which one can determine the problem with the operation of the system:
- sewage stink. Waste collects on the walls of pipes, emit a characteristic odor. He enters the room and poisons the air. If there was the smell from the drain sink or bath should be as soon as possible to take action.
- Slow draining. If the fluid goes bad, then, on the walls of the pipes have accumulated too much fat. It is time to remove them. Often, for this is simple enough to pour a bucket of boiling water in the sink. Fat will dissolve and go down the drain.
- Full stop operation. If the water does no longer flow into the sewer system, it's time to take up the plumber's snake, as half measures here will not be enough, and special chemicals is unlikely to be effective.
Most often clog drains food scraps, hair, fat and dissolved detergent. These plugs can be eliminate yourselfWithout the help of plumbers with Special tools.
In most cases, much easier to prevent the occurrence of blockages, than they then cleaned. If the sewerage system is in order, dirt stoppers in the tubes appear only due to the negligence of tenants
If the blockage completely covers the pipe, the water begins to accumulate in the sink or bathtub overflow. This can result in not only the cost of plumbing services, but also a full bathroom renovation.
It is not necessary to bring the system to a state, it is better to respond immediately to the "first bell". It's cheaper.
Mechanical and chemical cleaning of pipes
If the blockage formed due to contact with a solid object system for cleaning sewer pipes have to invite specialists. They use their own tools and equipment - long high-strength cables and special machines, including pneumatic drill, kornereznye.
Often have to resort to the hydrodynamic cleaning method - punching complex clog water jet under high pressure. Depending on the density of cork pressure may reach a minimum or limit values - 200 atmospheres and more
Less serious obstructions can be eliminated independently - via cables, air valves, special household chemicals for cleaning sewers. The most reliable device can handle virtually any traffic jams - plumber's snake.
He saves in situations where other tools are useless. But simple blockages can be eliminated by means of air valves or chemistry.
Option 1: plumber's snake
It is a versatile tool for cleaning sewage. It is made from a metal spring. Due to the great length of the rope may be difficult in order to hold and rotate it so the manufacturers are paying attention to the handles of their models. On the working of the cable fixed nozzles, through which you can destroy any plug dirt.
Sanitary flexible shaft - the most common type of cable. It can handle almost all types of blockages, and to use it do not need any special knowledge. If necessary, you can always secure the desired nozzle
Simple blockages can be cleaned with a rope cable. It is simple to use, is small in size and diameter, but very flexible and durable. Finished cables industrial production are manufactured with crimped tip, but many owners prefer to dissolve it, to make it easier to extract the cork clogs. Dissolve the end of the rope can be several times a strong blow with a hammer
If the diameter of the rope the rope usually is 6 mm, the model pruzhinonavitye produce half as thick - 9 mm. Such a tool is made of metal wire entwined spiral, while the end of the handle is firmly secured (typically plastic). Such models are successfully used both in everyday life and for professional cleaning of sewage
Feature of spring plumbing tools - great length. In the process of cleaning clogs the springs are stretched, making possible to break even very dense traffic jams. The diameter of such a pattern may be 13.5-16 mm, length - 60 m Typically, the spring model gain. Professional plumbers, because using a tool which is to clean corks in risers between floors
Flexible shaft for cleaning pipes
Rope plumber's snake
Cable sanitary pruzhinonavitoy
Professional spring wire
When choosing a crucial tool such criteria are:
- Diameter. It is selected depending on the diameter of the sewer pipe.
- Length. Variety of models is enormous. Their length can vary from 2-3 to 45-60 m. It is necessary to decide on the use of objectives and choose the most convenient tool.
- View. There are several types of models. To choose the right should be taken into account especially the sewage system.
- Strength. When choosing a cable pay special attention to quality. The savings here is not relevant, since good tools will last several decades.
- Material. It is better to give preference to thick galvanized steel, especially if you plan to purchase a spring model. Weak springs often straightened, making them difficult to use.
- Shape pen. rope handle should fit to go to hand, because the need to make an effort to turn the tool in the tube. For longer cables ideal form - curve shaft. It is best to handle slid over the instrument and can be fixed at any convenient location.
In addition to traditional mechanical cables, there are also electric. Their work is the same: the tool is pushed into the sewer pipe and use it to destroy the blockage. The difference lies in the fact that the cable pushed into the pipe, not manually but by using an electric actuator.
Very handy tool with replaceable nozzles: penetrative (for chronic blockages), bottom (for stroymusora), hook-shaped (Hair pulling and rags), looping (in order to eliminate hydraulic locks) ruffs (for cleaning the pipe walls by accretions mud)
Elektrotros little maintenance. To understand how to properly clean a sewer pipe, enough to read the instructions.
When the tool bit reaches the stopper, it is necessary to change the speed of revolutions of the trigger mechanism to effectively destroy the deposits and damage system components. Around the same principle works and special plumbing machines.
Elektrotros driven by a drive punch or drill, which reduces the load on the hand, less tired while cleaning sewer pipes. Due to these advantages, the tool has gained popularity among professionals
Technology pipe cleaning cable is identical regardless of the type of tools:
- inspection. Before starting work, inspect the plumbing tools, make sure that there is no serious damage and secure attachment of the handle. This is important because If a cable or a part will come off during cleaning, the situation will only get worse, usual clogging seem fines compared with the need to extract from a smooth metal tube tool.
- Training. You need to choose the correct nozzle and fix it firmly on the end of a cable. If you use the same removable nozzle, make sure that it is well secured and not damaged. If necessary, lubricate the pen sleeve.
- Cleaning the pipes. If the blockage formed in the sink, remove the siphon to prevent damage. If possible, clean all plastic parts. Thereafter, the cable end is introduced into the tube, crank, gradually pushing deeper. Sometimes you need to get a tool to clean and again to push further in the sewerage.
- The elimination of clogging. When the tool touches the obstacle, reduce the speed of rotation, make sure it is clear, and no pipe rotation, and fast accurate movements to destroy the plug. If it works, it is best to catch the blockage and pull it out. If not - to push forward.
- shutdown. When the tube patency is restored, it should be washed with hot water. This will help get rid of grease and dirt in the system. First, the valve opens only slightly, and then increase the pressure to the maximum. The main thing is to keep the water free to escape through the drain.
An important feature that all is correct, the water is a twist when the runoff into the drain. If formed funnel means wall steel pipes clean and smooth. If the water goes low, repeat cleaning cable, and thereafter rinsed with boiling water drains, special chemistry, soda or citric acid.
At the end of plumber's snake thoroughly washed with hot water with detergent or detergent powder. Thereafter, dry wipe, lubricated with lubricating oil, rolled ring is placed in a dry place for storage. With proper care the instrument is not covered with rust
Work with plumber's snake easy, but sometimes trouble. If the pressure is too strong, there is a risk to break the plastic pipe or damage of any element of the system. Therefore, we must act carefully: the best "nedozhat" than a "pinch".
If the tool stuck when it is pushed forward, the sharp movement in general excluded: must be slowly "erode" it from side to side until the pressure will weaken.
Option 2: plunger and its analogues
Many people wonder how to clean a simple clog in the pipe, if there is no cable? You can try to cope with the stopper using a plunger. The tool consists of a rubber or silicone cap and handle.
Its advantages are:
- Versatility. You can apply for any plumbing items.
- Security. Plunger will not damage plastic. Unlike the cable, there is no risk that the working part of the tool from the handle detaches and remains inside the pipe.
- Practicality. The device is easy to wash, dry and use.
- density. Plunger takes up little space. There collapsible models that are more convenient to store.
- cheapness. Mechanical plunger is cheap in comparison with a metal rope, wire or ribbon sanitaryware.
The operating principle of the device is based on the creation of the effect of water hammer that occurs during translational movements of the device. This allows you to budge the obstruction plug, destroy it and move further along the pipe.
Due to its small size and simple design of plunger can be stored under the sink, in the locker room or bathroom on a shelf in the pantry
Although the use of air eliminators almost not limited to, for sinks and toilets should buy individual devices. This will not worry about the hygiene standards and even save a little.
Not necessarily to buy two expensive models, as for cleaning the sink device is sufficient for the modest size. But the toilet is better to choose a large rubber plunger cap.
Plunger with a rubber cap and a handle made of wood - a classic of the genre. These are the devices used in the Soviet times, and many of the older models still carry out their functions. Durable polished handles do not break, and the thick rubber does not crack for decades. If you want to buy one plunger and do not spend money, such a model - ideal
The modern alternative to wood and rubber - silicone and plastic. Prices of plungers of these materials can vary greatly depending on the manufacturing technology and the raw material quality. Choose the most durable and expensive model, and then you do not have a long time to take care of its replacement
If possible, get a pneumatic plunger. This is an advanced analogue of the traditional instrument, but it is much more efficient. Pneumatic tools are more powerful, working speed than the manual. Due to this, even those blockages can be removed, which typically require a cable.
Zealous owners like the idea is not to spend money on two plunger - washbasin and toilet. On sale is a universal silicone brushes, which are equally good job with cleaning and plumbing, and with little obstruction. If your house is not taken into drains nothing more, this brush will be enough to maintain the toilets in working order
Rubber plunger with a handle made of wood
Silicone plunger on a plastic handle
Pneumatic plumbing plunger
Tool "2 in 1" - silicone brush
In the absence of a toilet plunger for it can be replaced improvised means if clogging is not very far along the tube. Good alternative - plastic bottle volume of 1.5-2 liters. Dimensions should be selected depending on the diameter of the toilet drain.
At the bottom of the bottle is cut and used as well as plunger, pumping the water up and down. Hydroblows destroy the blockage and the water will descend into the sewers.
The advantage of this method of cleaning - in availability. Plastic bottle there in every house and even in a rented apartment. Less also has: so you can break through only a small blockage in the toilet. For other santehpriborov method is useless
When Plugged toilet plunger is sometimes used instead of the usual cloth or even the usual brush-brush. China deserves special attention (it is also called Korean) film.
If other methods are ineffective against serious traffic jams, with the help of the film can be very high quality unclog the pipe bowl, as It creates a high pressure and a strong stream of water separates the dirt from the internal walls.
Option 3: soda and Specialty Chemicals
Chemical cleaning of sewage has one, but the big drawback: it can not be used at the dense clogged pipes. This also applies to store tools and traditional soda.
If clogged sewer tightly, and in the sink, tub or toilet standing water, pour or pour any chemicals useless because it falls to clog or the concentration will be insufficient.
The only thing which can be achieved by chemical means for cleaning water in santehpriborov - material damage. Aggressive substances may corrode plastic and even metal parts, but at the same time as the water was, and will stand
Some owners are resolved to remove the siphon, drain and pour the chemicals directly into the sewer pipe. It might work, but use a rope better, because higher probability of success.
Since chemistry is better to play it safe. It is effective, if the blockage simple, is relatively close to the drain, and the water, though weak, but passes through the pipe.
Excellent option - the use of chemical agents or ash after the bulk of the mud plug already removed by a cable or wire
When choosing chemicals pay attention to the composition and purpose. Preparations based acids longer appropriate in the kitchen, because it is best to break down fats.
And it makes sense to choose the alkaline agent, which copes well with the remnants of soap dissolves the hair and wool to the bath and toilet.
When using the chemical method of cleaning sewers, always read the instructions on the package, even if you have had to use the funds before. Follow the manufacturer's recommendations and do not increase the duration of powders and granules
It has the meaning and form of release. Powder and granular formulations are considered to be more aggressive, and when used with caution.
Liquid and gel are safe for plastic pipes. But do not relax and leave them on all night, because increasing the time of action does not guarantee improved results, but damage can.
The ratings of chemicals leading brands Tiret, Chirton, "Pothan", "Mr. Muscle." Still popular drug "Mole", known for decades. However, when you select should pay attention to the manufacturer, because Not all of these compounds are equally effective
Chemistry - simple but dangerous method of dealing with clogged. Aggressive substances get into the sewers, and then - to the environment. In addition, evaporation can cause allergies, trigger respiratory diseases.
It is better to choose an environmentally friendly structure - baking soda (can be combined with vinegar or salt).
Instead soda is often used ammonia, citric acid. These funds are safe. They dissolve blockages, deposition and disinfect the pipe, eliminating the sewer stench
Consider how the sewer pipe can be cleaned soda and remove deposits from the walls:
- The drain pour a half a pack of baking soda, pour a glass of white vinegar and plug hole with a rag.
- Should start a violent chemical reaction. You should wait for the end.
- When the train stops hiss and foam, rag and can control the hot water pipe shed.
This method is simple, is not only to deal with clogged, but also for prevention.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Methods for cleaning sewer pipes are not limited. There are many other ways that can be successfully applied in your home. We offer the most interesting materials on the subject.
Review of popular ways to clean the blockage:
The stores sell special nozzles on the ropes, but you can make them yourself, if you use the following tips:
Plunger is able to save in the most unpleasant situations. How to use it, described below:
There are interesting folk recipes, how to cook the caustic soda solution, which is as effective as the purchased assets. We offer a step by step video instructions:
All methods of cleaning of sewerage pipes in their own good. You should choose one or more suitable means and used as needed. Do not forget about preventive measures: make sure that what goes down the drain, use the grid to drain and flush the tube regularly soda or chemicals.
Clean drainage - a pledge of comfortable life.
Do you know other effective methods of sewer cleaning and successfully use them? Or maybe, found flaws in the presentation of material or want to ask a question on the topic of the article? Please write your comments in the box located below.