The unusual heating technology that is fundamentally different from conventional systems with radiators under windows, came to us from Europe recently, although it is used for more than twenty years. Name of innovation speaks for itself - warm skirting, demand is growing due to the technical advantages and modern design.
All about the types baseboard heating and features of its operation will learn by reading our proposed article. We will talk about the specifics of the structural policies and the construction of all types of baseboard heating systems. You know where the baseboard heating is used, which models are popular among consumers.
The content of the article:
- Principle baseboard heating device
- Features baseboard heating
- Objectively, all the pros and cons
Mounting warm plinth
- Water heating system assembly
- electric heating assembly
- Design, scope, price
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Principle baseboard heating device
Baseboard heater - heating device is 140 mm in height and 30 mm in thickness, which is placed above the floor along the walls around the room.
Imagine that a well-known to all of us a great heating radiator reduced and stretched - a simplified structure can be described that way.
Required power is collected from the heating sections of different lengths, warm plinth not only heats the room, but also dries the wet bottom walls and corners
Materials used for the production of the most thermally conductive and, therefore, expensive - aluminum, copper, brass. Externally termoplintus is a box made of aluminum, placed inside it a heating element - the two copper pipes are strung with brass, copper or aluminum plates (lamellae).
The outer diameter of the tubes - 13 mm, internal - 11 mm. The heating units are joined together, the joints are joined by soldering or crimping copper bolts, special rotating parts are used in the corners - plastic or copper
Depending on the coolant fluid and electrical distinguish warm skirting boards:
- in liquid circulates water or antifreeze, 1 meter accounts for 0.34 liters of a liquid, the temperature range - 50 to 85 ° C, the temperature is set manually or automatically on the collector;
- in electric heating elements connected in parallel and their operation is regulated by a thermostat with built-in temperature sensor, determines the degree of heating the air in the room.
The heating modules are placed on the back aluminum plate, which is attached to the wall directly above the floor. Exterior construction closes the front plate - also of aluminum.
Heating medium is supplied from the distribution manifold. Manifold equipped with flow meters, valves (drain, cut-off), automatic air vent, thermometers, pressure gauges - all this is necessary for the control and regulation of heating system. Safe heating surfaces plinths - 40 ° C maximum - 80 ° C, the room air is warmed up to 20-24 ° C.
The lower and upper parts of the slots provided. Cold air flow comes from below into the housing, there is heated by passing between the hot plates, and again comes out, but in the top slot.
In the water termoplintuse coolant moves inside the tubes of heat exchangers and heat transfer medium in the electric function is performed by a heating cable laid similarly
Manufacturers claim baseboard heating equipment heat output between 200 W per 1 meter of length, but to achieve this indicator in the fluid system, the flow temperature should be raised to 65 ° C, and such heating faceplate is no longer secure name.
Warm plinth - a great solution for decorating rooms with panoramic windows: Attached house porches, loggias in attics, halls of private houses and official place
Installing heating baseboards allows perfect disguise the presence of the heating system
Installation of heat makes it possible to remove the baseboard radiators where they really will stop, but at the same time to provide space heat
To install baseboard heating system there are no restrictions. It can be mounted in apartments, country houses, shopping, sports complexes, medical facilities, kindergartens
Baseboard heating variant may serve as the primary heat source and used as a supplement radiator circuit
Baseboard heating circuit provides a uniform supply of heat into the room, the energy efficient
Heating baseboards perfectly fits into any design decision, combined with wood walls and all kinds of finishing
Baseboard heating circuits occupy a minimum of space, because widely used in small rooms, narrow hallways, on the equipped loggia
Heating baseboards in the arrangement of porch
The best way to hide the heating system
Secure embodiment of the heating system
Plinth system heats the apartment
Use as a supplement
even heat distribution system
Compatibility with any interior design solutions
The miniature size of the system
Features baseboard heating
Heating since its invention, and to this day is divided into two types - convection and radiant panel and. In the first instance from the hot surface of the heating device (radiator battery convector) is first heated air, after which it is circulated in the room and it gradually heats.
In the second case, the initially heated objects in the room, and the air is heated from them useful infrared radiation without the drying air, not oxygen etching thereof, and this process secondary.
Additional examples of long - furnace in rural homes, tiled stoves in old mansions in modern interpretation - floor heating, but what about the plinth heating and to what type of heating it include?
Space heating with warm plinth allows for uniform heat supply height and area of the room to be treated
We are referring again to the opinion of the manufacturer. They are in one voice say that the heat emitted from the perimeter rises from the floor to the ceiling along the walls, evenly warms them, and creates a kind of curtain from the cold, penetrating from the outside. Progrevshis enough, they begin to give off heat.
In fact, the temperature of the walls at different heights vary in the range of 26-30 ° C, and to them was heat transfer surface should be heated significantly stronger. Therefore, talk of the coveted infrared heat coming off the walls, not so much the truth as a marketing ploy.
Termoplintusov plane emit a maximum heat at the foot level. This is not just a pleasure, but also optimal for health and health (+)
A more correct to say that termoplintusy - convectors too high surface temperature. Just the room more evenly warmed by warm air streams as coming into the room directly, rising along the walls. To warm up the walls - a guarantee that nowhere on them you will not find any dampness or mold.
Fairly also be noted that the amount of heat up decreases as the movement, and it is good. It is evenly distributed in the room in the lower and middle zones to a lesser extent reaching the ceiling. For people such climate is considered to be the most comfortable - they do not freeze and do not feel cold, but breathing with the fresh and cool air.
Objectively, all the pros and cons
Ascending heat flow according to the physical law of the Coanda pressed against the wall. Without mixing with the rest of the air in the room, it heats the vertical surfaces. At a height of one and a half meters of the wall temperature is a few degrees higher than in the room, and it creates a thermal comfort for those in her people.
During the heating season, heating system involved 6-8 hours daily. By multiplying the total capacity of the number of hours worked per month get a monthly rate of energy consumption.
Manifold distributes coolant on separate circuits. His choice is determined by a number of factors - material product bandwidth of the comb, pressure, power consumption, the possibility of further expansion
Are baseboard heaters save energy due to the low temperature of the coolant?
The answer will be this:
- Room area - 3, 5m x 5m (17.5 sq. meters), the perimeter - 17 m (less doorway - 16 m).
- The amount of space with a ceiling height of 2.7 m: 17.5 * 2.7 = 47.25 cu. m
- The outside temperature in winter - on average -10 ºC.
- To maintain indoor + 20-22ºC required 1.5 kW / h at normal insulation. Heating will work 7 hours a day.
Given the 200 W per 1 meter length of the heat carrier during heating to 65 ° C (cm. above) yields 200 W * 16 m = 3200 watts or 3.2 kW. As this flow rate is overestimated twice (3.2 kW / 1.5 = 2.1 kW), it is possible to reduce the temperature of the coolant in the same proportion: 65 ° C / 2.1 = 31 ° C.
Calculate the monthly electric power consumption: 1.5 kW / h * 7 h. * 30 days. = 315 kW. More reliable results are obtained by detailed Thermal calculation based on the complete source data object.
If we compare the effectiveness of a warm floor and the baseboard, then you can argue at least for the reason that once the floor convectors heated air, and part of the warm air from termoplintusa takes over the outer wall, which is constantly fed with cold outside.
The heat consumed by a constant heating of cold external walls - some kind of loss. Is compensation for them is dry, no mold, dampness? On this issue, too, a debate: some say - yes, others point to the fact that the indoor humidity is regulated ventilation systemRather than heating.
If water radiators connected in series, heat transfer fluid cools until bypass the entire perimeter. Therefore modules are combined in parallel, each pair of inlet and outlet pipes at the collector output separately
As for appearance, the baseboard ducts covering heating, really beautiful look in the interior, but when in room of furniture have problems - go around the front of her is impossible, but for her the warm air is no freedom of movement.
And about the absolute absence of dust in the air should argue - perhaps it is less than in the air circulation in the traditional heating systems, but it is because convection is present.
In general, it can be concluded that the baseboard radiators already have customers, and over time their number will increase. The limiting factor - an excessively high cost of equipment, due to the use in the production of copper, brass, aluminum, ie, expensive materials.
And installation, if you order it from professionals, not cheap costs. Plinth distributing pipes is the most difficult of all the existing water heating circuits, but also in the assembly of electrical baseboards covered a lot of nuances.
Mounting warm plinth
For installation you will need tools: wrenches in the set, a drill with a shock function (or hammer), hammer, wire cutters, pliers, scissors (to cut the plastic). Plinth heating system is quickly installed, if prepared in advance the point of connection.
Even before the acquisition of the necessary equipment needed to plan, any power need heating elements and how to place them around the room.
Water heating system assembly
Step 1. Measure the distance from the point where it will be located manifoldBefore skirting location. Cut the two lengths of protective tube and with an allowance of two 20 cm - coupling. Connecting a protective insert, the ends of clogging with adhesive tape to protect it from dirt.
Mounting water baseboard heating systems: red - main stream, blue - reverse. reverse flow is above the pipe must
Step 2. Tubes pull on the floor without strain so that if necessary capacity could pave near another or more. Mounting the securing tapes, protective cover solution, protecting from damage and display at the right place on the wall 6 cm above the floor and at 10-15 cm from the wall or the corner edge, fix cement.
Step 3. After packing the finished floor to continue working. Paste the insulation strip along the entire length. Stretch the aluminum edge (also across the length of the heating), closing the joint wall and floor. Screwing it or secured with adhesive tape, silicone.
Step 4. Paving on the top line special profile put on it holders at a distance of 15 cm from the corners and every 40 cm on the wall.
Step 5. To connect the heating pipes and the heating elements using couplings with bolts, sleeves and spacers at the corners - angular rotary tube 90º, the ends - the end rotary tube and 180º a stub. Termosektsii interconnected adapters.
Adjoining the heating module, you must remove 2-3 slats on the side and put on the tube connecting nuts, crimping parts, rubber gasket
Step 6. United heating section gently pressed into the holder. We don decorative panel (attach screws or snaps) and the fine angular elements. Connecting to the collector system, fill with water, the test at the working pressure and maximum.
As with all collecting systems baseboard heating is required circulation pumpStimulating the movement of the coolant. Without pump heated water is difficult to circulate through the elongated contour. However, the use of technical devices is reflected in the overall system cost.
Skirting work if all technological operations were carried out without violations. When leakage problem it is necessary to put the squeeze connection with a wrench. coolant supply via manifold circulating pump from the boiler or from the general (central) heating system.
electric heating assembly
To warm plinth in the electrical panel it is necessary to make a separate circuit breaker. Its capacity is determined by the quantity of heating modules.
Step 1. Power supply to the junction box, to be located next to the system at a height of 4-6 cm from the floor.
Installation of electrical heating systems: most of the electrical system is used where there opportunity to take the power of the necessary capacity, or in small-sized rooms as an extra heating
Step 2. Stuck on the wall of the insulating tape.
Step 3. Set bottom aluminum profile (edge) and the upper, onto which the holders at the same distance as that for the water system - 15 cm from the corners and in increments of 40 cm along the wall. Mount remote thermostat. It should have a height of about 1.5 m in front of the system modules and at a distance from them of at least 2 meters.
Step 4. Insert the electric heating elements (heating elements) to the bottom of the tube of the heating unit, fasten the modules in the holders so that they do not touch the walls.
Electric heaters are threaded pins, two nuts, locking ring on the spring, heat shrink tubing for added insulation. Modules are connected parallel to the power cable coated with the heat-resistant silicone and heat to 180 ° C.
Step 5. Top closing system of plastic boxes.
To connect modules heats a 3-core cable: brown conductor - phase, blue - zero, green (yellow) - ground. Ground the cable it is necessary to
Connecting heating system mounted to the power supply are best left to the expert on the electrician. It will check the reliability of the insulation measuring devices will give power and adjusts thermostats.
Design, scope, price
Thin, elegant, in harmony with the general situation heaters allow to realize the most unusual design ideas.
Feature baseboard heating system consists in the fact thatit is completely takes away from the room space, and it can be placed close to furniture, antiques, appliances, musical instruments.
The material from which made flooring and walls, too, does not matter - damage and harm will not be.
The palette of hundreds of colors and shades gives the opportunity to choose the appearance of the body to your liking. In texture it can be flat and smooth surface or imitation granite stone, marble, wood.
Baseboard equalize the temperature in a cold corner and end rooms, this Digital owners of cottages and country houses, seeking to create in their homes refined interior. And in high-rise buildings, many want to make heating loggias, balconies, and this is another problem is easily solved with the help of such a heating circuit.
Whenever any used Baseboard heating - in greenhouses and winter gardens, swimming pools and gyms, buildings museums, concert halls, etc. In a fashion panoramic construction, but along the wall, which is a solid glass, conventional radiators not deliver.
An extensive range of textures and shades of warm plinth housing allows to use it as an element of decor. In this case, it is merged into a single unit with the door trim
Traditional heating and loses in rooms with high ceilings. No matter how heated their batteries, warm air will still strive up to the ceiling, leaving cool the lower zone, and with the help of termoplintusa situation easily remedied.
As for the price, the purchase and installation of warm plinth is comparable to the cost of underfloor heating. And then, and another is not cheaper to install than the classical heating systems with batteries.
Unfortunately, all energy-efficient devices can not be called cheap, but the costs are recouped. In order not to pay too much, you need to advance them ready system - each element has its price. Do it competently on forces only to the expert.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Video # 1. How does a warm plinth:
Video # 2. Installation of baseboard heating system:
To summarize: a warm plinth - a new, aesthetic and reliable kind of heating equipment that deserves attention.
Want to tell about how you collected and assembled Baseboard? There is a desire to share their impressions of the baseboard heating operation or ask a question? Please write comments in the box located below.