Whether you live in an apartment or in his own country house, with heating problems can occur anywhere and usually at the most inopportune moment. And they have to solve in an emergency procedure. If you do not want this problem is caught by surprise, you should take care in advance of purchasing a reliable source of heat.
Of articles provided by us, you will learn how to choose the oil heater. For future owners of the device we have brought all the criteria that influence the determination of the best model for you. The account of our recommendations will eliminate and prevent all chance of error.
The content of the article:
- How is the oil heater?
- The principle of operation of the oil heater
- Additional features worthy of attention
- Key Selection Criteria
- Calculation of the need in the device power
- Features of operation and maintenance
Review of the best models
- selection criteria for comparison
- The best low-cost model
- Average price category
- Expensive devices with additional functions
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
How is the oil heater?
Radiator, as easy to guess, is the most important part of any of the oil heater. It is made of black metal. The thickness of the walls of the radiator is 0.8-1 mm. All components of this product must have precise dimensions, so use laser cutting of metal when cutting.
This technology allows you to take the edge parts flat and smooth. Small radiator elements are produced by punching, and sheet bending equipment used for performing right angles.
Oil heater - this is a very handy device, which is widely used in our country as a source of additional heating in low season
Since we are talking about heating devices, which will be filled with oil, it is necessary that its sections were completely sealed. This setting is achieved by spot bonding of individual parts with each other, followed by press-fitting.
Section to be able to connect with each other, the holes are provided in their design. radiator assembly is performed by reliable connection nipple, which prevents leaks.
At the finished radiator durable coating is applied using powder technology, with which the paint curing by heating in a special oven.
Mineral transformer oil - filler, fill in the assembled radiator heater. Once the first oil heaters oil filling was carried out through a special valve. Now the tanks filling process is performed in the device assembly.
The device of this device there is nothing that could lead to confusion or cause confusion: it is convenient and simple, compact and transportable
Without loss of integrity of the device is inserted into it an electric heater, whereupon outside fixed overhead side panels made of metal and plastic. On the front panel mounted thermostat, overheat protection and power control. It remains connected to the finished instrument cable with a plug, which will provide its power supply.
When the heater has already been determined a specific location in the room needs to be fixed in the lower part of his body wheels with bracket. This is done by means of special fasteners and nuts included in the packaging of the device.
Oil cooler - electric appliance, which is used if necessary in raising the room temperature background. Inside the case is an oil which has been heated TAN
In private homes and cottages oil heaters can be used as primary heating devices. Economical equipment eliminates the other heating options
In urban flats devices with oil as a heating medium used to improve the microclimate in the off time of the central heating
Oil heating devices are on the network, combined with all types of heating circuits. Equipped with thermostat devices responsive to the increase in ambient temperature and switched off if there is no need for them
Electric oil-filled are protected against overheating, the risk of work during the fall, there is a thermostat in the more advanced models have a heater
Oil heaters vypluskayut in a vast range, so easy to find the version with the most appropriate capacity, design, equipment
In a series of oil equipment to raise the temperature in the room has unusual design models that can give the interior a special features
The last modification of the oil heating devices are equipped with systems that allow economical use of electricity, has a positive effect on costs
What is the oil heater
Oil heaters in country houses
Devices for heating city apartments
Working as a supplement heating networks
Additional features of oil coolers
Lineup oil heaters
Non-standard models of heating units
Economical operation of electrical heating
With the positive and negative side of the electric radiators of all types, including oil equipment, will introduce next articleWe recommend that you read.
The principle of operation of the oil heater
First of all turn on the heater in the network, and then install the thermostat with a temperature of the air, which will provide a comfortable environment in your room. What happens to the device itself?
The heating process consists of several stages and is as follows:
- first heated heater (teplonagrevatel electric);
- PETN from the thermal energy is transferred to mineral oil - coolant;
- oil radiator warms the body;
- of the enclosure, as well as from ordinary radiators, warm air in the room.
In fact, space heating is carried out by convection method. It is believed that the maximum temperature which can reach the heating radiator body unit is 150 degrees. Not all models are capable of so inflamed, often heating threshold is still lower. But above said maximum case temperature does not rise.
Budget models without built-in temperature control system is recommended to equip thermostats in the socket. How to choose and use them, learn from our recommended paper.
Oil heater is powered by the mains: the body inside it heats heater, which imparts energy coolant, an incandescent metal sections and step-up device therethrough ambient temperature environment
To the air in the room is warmed up quickly, it is necessary to accelerate the process of mixing the cold mass flow in hot condition. It is for this reason that a number of manufacturers supply their model fans. Such oil heater warms the room significantly faster.
If a complete set of your model does not include a fan, you can use your own, with the help of which you have been struggling with the summer heat. The effect will be the same. Autonomous fan is good because it can be directed to the flat zone in which first of all we need warmth.
The new models are equipped with oil instruments extensive set of protective devices to prevent overheating of the electrical parts. The old can fuse terminal box
Minor failures due to mechanical damage or breakage of the cord, can eliminate his own
If there is the slightest experience in the removal of damaged electrical appliances should not be taken for the restoration of the oil cooler performance
To carry out as an independent and professional repairs on sale is a complete set of spare parts and units for replacement
Do I need an oil heater repair
Replacing ragged cord
The expediency of the repair of electrical part
The thermostat for the repair of the oil heater
Additional features worthy of attention
Advanced models of oil heaters have additional features that improve the operation of the device at the same time increasing the number of its cost.
We are used to remote control a variety of devices and made sure that it is really convenient, so remote from the oil heater will take place next to a television and a fan
We give examples of additional features demanded by customers:
№ 1. humidification. When using heating appliances in the room air is often too dry, and additional moisture it would have been very handy. Several electric heaters of oil supplied simple device, contributing to air humidification.
Usually this capacity, the water which should fill the owners themselves. When the device is heated, water evaporates from the container, compensating thus the lack of moisture. If this useful function is not provided in the model, it is advisable to buy humidifierTo maintain a desired moisture level for breathing.
It will significantly increase the level of comfort acquisition the air-humidifier purifier. In addition to increasing the humidity device also eliminates the dust suspended in air - companion traditional convective heating.
№ 2. Improved security. If the house or apartment is cold, raise the temperature of the air we aim primarily in those areas where children play or sleep.
For children a hot radiator is potentially dangerous, so it is best to close the protective cover. It should be remembered that housing has its drawbacks: it is difficult to convection process. However, the child's safety is worth it.
№ 3. Programming and remote control. If the heater features include remote control, the device can be controlled from a distance. If the heat sink has a built-in timer, enable or disable the device, depending on the degree of heat in your room will be warm and comfortable without any unnecessary costs on your electricity bill.
You can program the device to include a half hour before you wake up, the air temperature in the house when you wake up, was the most comfortable.
№ 4. Ease of displacement. Typically, commercials are part of the basic equipment of the oil heater. Use them or not - the decision of the owner of the device, because that's what he will fasten this device to the bottom of the unit.
Safe operation of heating appliances - this is an important point, which in any case can not be overlooked, especially if the heater is in a child's bedroom or playroom
The list of additional elements that radiator manufacturers equip their devices, this has not been completed. It could be dryer, and mechanisms to protect against overheating and rollovers, etc. In any case, it is the buyer makes the final selection of the functions for which he would like to give their money.
Key Selection Criteria
Choosing the best heater - a rather complicated task, which largely depends on the goals that are set for a buyer. But there are key criteria that I would like to draw your attention:
A great addition to the space heating function is to dry the laundry, which can cause problems if the bad weather on the street, and the batteries in the house still cold
№ 1. Technical specifications. Should focus on the instrument power. This feature will be discussed further below. Here it is enough to mention that the power should be linked to the size of the room that needs heating.
Radiator, we need to create comfort in the house, so the preference should be given a more powerful model. It's very disappointing, when making a purchase low-power models, you go cold. Noteworthy is sufficiently powerful product, which has at least 2 heating mode, temperature control and built-in thermostat.
№ 2. The dimensions of the sections. Geometric parameters of the device also matter. Narrow sections will heat up, this process consuming less power, but the total area of the surface thereof is small. Therefore, heating the air in the room with them will not happen too quickly.
Wide sections can be rapidly cooled by air, so they need more heating power. Choosing the parameters sections, you, in fact, make a choice between speed and economy of the room heating.
№ 3. The weight. Do not buy too lightweight unit, having at the same time impressive dimensions. Such an effect can be obtained if a metal that went to manufacture a radiator, too thin or oil in the device for some reason, small.
№ 4. Additional elements. In the offseason, when the street has become cold and raining, and the heating still did not think to include, you need to somehow solve the problem of drying laundry. Place it directly on the heater, as an ordinary heating radiator, you can not. But the purchase of the appliance directly from the dryer - a great way out. The extra options are best ignored.
№ 5. Appearance. Any instrument must not only fulfill the functions assigned to it, but also pleasing to the eye. If the interior of your country house bothered designer, it will be very sad to destroy all his efforts, buying dissonant with the environment object.
All the more so choose a few shops are our attention to models of different manufacturers, colors, shapes and sizes. There are also neutral products that can fit almost any decor.
Thanks to the relentless competition in the electrical market there are a variety of models heaters, so you can choose the product not only in its functions but also in color, size and other parameters
Oil heater - a device that should last you for many years. Buying it, be sure to correctly execute all documents that will obtain warranty repair, if such a need arises.
Calculation of the need in the device power
If we do not want to pay for the excess capacity of the device, we need to know their own actual need for this parameter radiator. This feature depends on the amount of space you want to heat.
There is a rule that should be used when calculating the power of the heating device any type. It consists in this: to heat every ten square meters of space takes just 1 kW of energy emitted by your radiator.
Although this condition we call universal, it should be mentioned that we are talking about apartments, the ceilings that have a standard height - 2.75 meters. How to calculate the need for power of the device, if the ceiling in your apartment are located at a different distance from the floor?
We offer you the following algorithm, which can be used in this case:
- multiply the length of the room on its width, calculating the floor area of the premises;
- the result multiplied by the actual height of the room, determining the volume of the room;
- We divide the calculated volume by 25 to arrive at a value corresponding to the number of kWh that will be required for the heating of our premises.
The division made it by 25, it is believed that heating of 25 m3 required 1 kW of energy.
Summarizing the calculations and reasoning, for example, that for a standard room, an area close to 20 square meters. meters, radiator 1.5 kW will be enough. If the room is larger, you need to choose a more powerful model.
In modern stores oil heaters whose power does not exceed 2.5 kW, are well represented, so that you can make the choice of such an instrument that best suits you.
Features of operation and maintenance
Oil heaters do not need to be strengthened complex care or special maintenance. To clean the unit, wipe it with a soft enough dry cloth.
Oil heater is straightforward to operate and care for him: you have only to remember that it can work only in the upright position, as well as keep them in good timer disable
Abrasives for cleaning it can not be used.
Using a heating device of this type, it is necessary to observe some precautions:
- We can not allow its operation in areas where humidity is increased, if the devices are not provided with special protection, details of which are included in the product passport.
- The power cord must not come into contact with the heat sink body, as the heat can melt wire insulation, and it is dangerous!
- Operation of the heater can be carried out only when it is positioned vertically, it can not turn over!
- Should not be placed near the heater electrical systems and power supply sockets!
- When connecting the equipment to the network can not use an extension cord, because in the process it may happen overheating and fire.
- The device should not be placed close to furniture, textiles or other flammable and fusible materials.
- Wrap the radiator should be by holding the special handle: pull his cord is prohibited!
- On the balcony, in the garage or in a shed to store oil heater can not, because under such storage conditions he soon fail.
- Do not use the device in areas set aside for the storage of explosive means!
- Use an oil heater only during the period that is specified in the passport producers.
- If the device drip, do not take the time to give it in for repair: better buy a new one, because the fresh coolant inside the tank has not uploaded, and the number of his view of the leakage is now does not meet the technical parameters.
I would like to once again draw your attention to the dangers of improper use of the appliance. If you turn on the oil heater, located in the "lying" position, then his hot oil can break the case and cause a fire. Because mineral oil does not fill the tank up to the top.
When the unit is on its side, TEN partially exposed, so contact with the oxygen aggressive environment. Should increase the operating temperature of the heating device, heat transfer fluid starts to fade.
Inside, the walls will be a deposit, which prevents normal heat transfer. The unit will have to work with the increased load, which is why it is much earlier than promised manufacturer fails.
Another undesired operation of the heater when it is faulty overheating sensor. In this case, the heating is interrupted when reaching the critical temperature limit. The device is turned off, and will heat up until not burn.
The worst forecast promises the emergence of fire from escalating into a fire if it is timely nobody will deter. Fire hazard can create things, hanging out to dry on the oil cooler.
The heater can easily overheat and contribute to a fire. The same effect will cause objects into the outlet and the vent hole. If you follow our advice, buy quality and reliable device that will serve you for many years, helping out whenever there is a need for it.
Review of the best models
Production of oil heaters involved in many domestic and foreign companies. The most popular products of companies DeLonghi (Italy), Bimtek (Germany) and General Climate (Netherlands). This fact does not mean that products of other manufacturers is bad.
Just a listed company - the best in the world market today. Tomorrow the situation may change.
If we talk about the domestic market, we suggest that you familiarize yourself with the best models of oil radiators, presented in different price categories.
Manufacturers of oil radiators produce a wide range of devices with different specifications and design
Upon reaching the operating temperature of heating unit starts to consume no more than 0.9 kW / h, which significantly reduces costs
The optimal mode of operation is set according to personal preferences of the owners, the temperature can be set manually or trust thermostat
For the convenience of moving oil heaters are supplemented with wheels and retractable handle for pulling, there is adaptation for winding the cord
Oil heaters brand Polaris
Economical operation of oil heaters
Adjusting device operation modes
Convenient options mobile radiators
selection criteria for comparison
For comparison of the heaters, we have chosen following their characteristics:
- security and reliability;
- the presence of additional functions.
On the power and additional features we mentioned above, and we will not be repeated. Talk about product safety and reliability.
Since the products to the domestic market are made in China, albeit under license of European countries, it is not necessary to pay attention to the country of origin listed in the brochures
The domestic market fills the products manufactured in China. There are, of course, and models made together. In addition, Chinese production, most often carried out on the basis of licenses granted by European companies. However, these facts do not affect the quality of what is on our shelves.
Therefore, we exclude from the concept of "reliability" as an argument the name of the manufacturer, and concentrate its focus on the functions that can improve the safety of products used in home conditions or apartment.
With regard to the parameters of the model body, the figure is of great importance. Because of the value of the device temperature depends on its heating. If you compare the two radiators at the same power, make sure that the first heat up the smaller one.
But warmed up, a large surface area remains hot longer. Therefore, to evaluate this option to have the customer, based on the objectives that he planned to achieve.
The best low-cost model
The models selected on the basis of customer feedback from the number of low-cost models, the price of which is in the range 2300 - 2600 rubles.
This is an inexpensive but very high quality oil heater SUPRA ORS-07-SN, which has earned as part Group of affordable devices first place: it is compact, has all the necessary functions and is easy to operating
leaders list in respect of demand led by:
- SUPRA ORS-07-SN. It is a small device that does its job well and is not burdened with any extra features. However, it has everything you need: the controller, power indicator light, wheels and cut the cord. SUPRA ORS-07-SN is protected from overheating. Significant shortcomings, this model does not have.
- Hyundai H-HO1-05-UI550. This model is designed to work in the room, the size of which does not exceed 14 m2. It is able to perform the role of additional heating or may be used for local heating, while, for example, next to a work holder base. The advantage Hyundai H-HO1-05-UI550 is its low weight (5kg), and the availability of protection against overheating and frost.
- Timberk TOR 21.1005 SLX. The device has a capacity of 1.8 kW, but is capable, based on the passport data, to heat the room size 24 m2. The heater is equipped with an electronically controlled, it declared a chimney effect. The disadvantages are the intense heating of the body, on the surface of which can even be burned.
With proper operation of the proven model will last for as long as the manufacturer promises.
Average price category
If you are willing to spend on the organization in his home comfortable environment slightly larger amount can be considered Several models of the mid-market, where the cost ranges from 3400 to 3500 rubles.
If you want to get a model with an attractive design, the Resanta-OM-7NV - this is exactly what you should be interested in
A list of the most popular representatives of the mainstream segment:
- Resanta-OM 7NV. This model will please aesthetes its attractive appearance: blue-gray body of the device is equipped with bright elements. With a capacity of 1.9 kW it quickly heats the room with built-in fan. The advantages can be attributed to its reliability.
- Polaris PRE M 0920. When first turned on, you can feel the faint smell of plastic that will disappear in the course of further operation of the heater. The device has three operating modes, with the heats so well that the maximum heating you need only when it's cold or when the heating is turned off completely.
- General Climate NY23LA. Say immediately in the absence of a timer device design. It's his only drawback. We now turn to the merits. This product is a solid body is equipped with two heating elements.
Full of the described heater may be used for operation in the initial negative temperature because of the presence therein of frost protection function. If you run it in automatic mode, it will maintain the room temperature of + 5 ° C.
Expensive devices with additional functions
If your finances allow to buy whatever he wants, you can buy one of the expensive miracle devices (The price of 3700 rubles and above), which, in addition to heating, will delight you with its additional opportunities.
Model Electrolux EOH / M-1221 - it is the very exception to the general rule, which we talked above: it has unique properties that can operate at elevated humidity
The ranks of the elite equipment is headed:
- Electrolux EOH / M-4209. This device will heat your room quickly due to the chimney effect. So called improved traction, which is created through special slots located in the radiator housing. The heater is equipped with a compartment for the cord, does not emit odor, it is switched off in case of overheating.
- Rolsen ROH-D9. In this model, a total of seven sections, but with the help of built-in fan it quickly heats the room up to 20 m2. It is advisable to use it for additional space heating in apartment buildings.
- Electrolux EOH / M-1221. Although this model does not have a timer, its advantages are great: it can be used without fear in rooms with high humidity. If you buy this device, you will never have to take a bath in the cold room.
A little closer look at the third model. If you accidentally knock over a radiator, the device immediately shuts down.
It is protected from overheating, it has a chimney effect and is equipped with wheels, which can be rotated in different directions.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
In this video, buyers pay attention to the parameters of purchase, we have not considered in this article, in order to avoid duplication of information. It will help you not to make a mistake and buy what you need.
It does not matter whether you buy one of our recommended models of oil heaters or prefer something else. If you read this article, then you know how to choose and what criteria should be guided to understand what oil heater is best for you. Here, guided by these criteria and common sense, and you make the right choice.
Tell us about how you picked up oil heater for home / office / apartment. Share what was the deciding factor when making a purchase. Please write comments in the block located below, insert pictures of articles, ask questions on the desired points.