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Breeding birds is an exciting activity associated with the constant updating of livestock. The incubator Layer will help you to get a new brood without much trouble. The model belongs to the low-budget devices, adapted for rural interruptions with electricity. Detailed instructions will help to master the device at the first brood of any type of poultry.
Read the article: Temperature during the incubation of chicken eggs!
General characteristics of
incubators The body of the apparatus is made of thick foam, which retains heat well in the inner chamber. But the material requires careful handling, it is fragile and easily contaminated. Internal porous surface of the incubator Laying requires thorough cleaning and disinfection after each work cycle.
The size and weight of the device depends on the size of the incubation chamber. There are modifications that accommodate 36 - 104 chicken eggs. The device has in a set only a lattice for a conclusion of chickens.
Other pallets with a larger or smaller cell size are purchased separately. Not included in the configuration of the Incubator The hen and the battery; you can use a car battery or buy it additionally with a charging station.
An important function in the period of hatching is the periodic embryo flip. In the simplest models, it is performed manually, which is very troublesome. There are models with automatic egg flipping, and fully automatic devices that regulate temperature and humidity. Automatic incubator Laying works on the principle - made a bookmark and forgot for a week.
security contract The difference between the Novosibirsk model in the absence of containers filled with water. The bottom of the foam is made with grooves into which water is supplied. The mains supply 220 V to the rotator and 12 V to the thermostat through the converter. Therefore, the use of the battery does not change the setting and will provide 20 hours of work.
Initially, the domestic incubator had a BI 1 series of 36 and 63 eggs. Later, a BI 2 apparatus appeared, which is distinguished by greater productivity; the tab is 77 and 104 pieces. In principle, domestic incubators BI 1 and BI 2 are no different. Both options are completed with additional options.
The temperature is set and monitored with an analog or digital thermometer. Check the accuracy of their values can medical thermometer, laid on top of eggs. When picking a great value on the value of the use of different types of thermostats for incubators Layer.
The figure shows a simple 220 V thermostat that supports:
- auto-flip function;
- set temperature in the chamber;
- switch to backup power supply.
This device is inexpensive, it is necessary not to work with a hen during the entire incubation period.
A digital thermostat is used for automatic process control. It has a process program, a memory, a humidity measurement sensor, and additional terminals for connecting the battery. Moreover, if there is no voltage in the network, the device does not work.
service pipeline The BI-1 and BI-2 incubator scheme is assembled on the board and looks like this:
It regulates the device operation mode:
- temperature in the range 33-45;
- temperature error 0.5;
- output to operating mode no more than 90 minutes;
- frequency of coup - 1-8 hours;
- mains voltage - 200-240 V.
Incubator Usage Guide
When laying eggs for the first time, one should not ignore the recommendations set out in the instructions for the incubator Laying. The first step is to choose a quiet room with a constant room temperature. Install the incubator to the table or bedside table. In the same place there should be a place for the accumulator, capacity with water and ovesol. Direct sunlight should not penetrate the room.
Preparation of the device for switching on consists of the following actions:
- inspection of the case for integrity and checking the availability of components according to the instructions;
- in the case the grille is lowered with the smooth side up;
- inserted coup node;
- installed cover;The
- device turns on, when the temperature reaches the set point, the indicator flashes;
- de-energize the incubator, connect the thermostat to 12 V and wait for the indicator to flash.
Selection and laying of eggs - the most important operation.
Before egg laying and during incubation, it is necessary to monitor the development of the embryo. Eggs are picked fresh, stored in a cool room, before laying, check for the presence of a fertilized embryo. To control coups, it is important to make marks on the shell with a simple soft pencil. They will help determine if all eggs change position. If the process passes without deviations, control through the device will show how the development of the embryo gradually occurs.
It is not possible to reach an incubator in the Layer incubator. To create the same conditions, periodically hatching eggs should be swapped. Peripheral corner eggs are transferred closer to the center. Chicken can go after nakleva about a day. Help him not to get a freak.
Incubator manufacturer The Layer took him a lifetime of at least 10 years with a one-year warranty. However, long life can be significantly reduced if the device is stored in a sunny room. Ultraviolet rays decompose polystyrene foam.
After each cycle, the inner chamber must be thoroughly washed with soapy water. You can not use household chemicals, only household or baby soap. After the box must be dried. If this is not done on time, a mold will settle in the incubator and it will be difficult to get rid of it.
The easiest way to master the automatic incubator is the Layer. The mode is maintained automatically, without human intervention and the performance reaches 80%.
Video Review of the Incubator Layer