Contents of the article:
Gooseberries are popular with gardeners for their excellent yield. For the shrub to bear fruit for a long time, it should pay enough attention. Gooseberry processing in the fall is one of the important stages of bushes care. During this period, it is necessary to help the plantings prepare not only for the winter, but also for the next harvest.
What is the treatment of gooseberry in the fall?
To ensure the best conditions, you need to perform a number of activities for the processing of gooseberries:
- to collect and burn old leaves and weeds;
- trim old, diseased and broken branches;
- , if necessary, water the plantings;
- to process and dig up the soil around the bush;
- to feed with mineral and organic fertilizers;
- to treat gooseberries from diseases and pests;
- to mulch the soil under a bush.
All the above-mentioned measures for processing gooseberries after harvesting, it is better not to postpone it for a later time. Let us consider the agrotechnical processing of gooseberry.
How to process gooseberries after harvesting?
Gooseberry treatment begins with weeding weeds around the shrub. If weeding was not carried out during the whole summer, then many small and large weeds grew under the bushes. They should not be pulled out, as the roots can remain in the soil, but should be carefully dug out with a shovel so as not to damage the gooseberry. It is also necessary to collect the accumulated debris and fallen leaves with a rake, since many pests and causative agents of various diseases remain to spend the winter there.
Gooseberry pruning should start at the age of 6 years. Bottom weak shoots must be cut the next year after planting shrubs, choosing 3 - 4 strong shoots. First of all, cut out broken branches, damaged from diseases and pests, old and infertile. A well-formed bush should have up to 18 branches of different ages, sufficiently sparse to allow access of light and air to the inside of the bush and to facilitate subsequent harvesting.
How to cut gooseberries correctly - video:
After the foliage falls in dry autumn and a large harvest, it is necessary to water the gooseberries. Such irrigation on light and sandy soils is very important. At the same time growth of roots amplifies, and the bush will be better prepared for frosts.
For good bush development and regular fruiting, it is necessary to dig and loosen the soil. In contrast to the spring digging, during the autumn the soil is not broken, but turned over with a pitchfork, since large lumps trap moisture in the soil in the autumn and spring periods. Gooseberry roots are located close to the soil surface, therefore, under the crown of the bush, processing should be carried out very carefully, to a depth of no more than 7 cm.
Due to the abundant fruiting, the gooseberry needs reinforced feeding.
During digging, the following fertilizers are applied to the soil under one bush:
- up to 10 kg of compost or rotted manure;
- 20 gr.potassium fertilizer( potassium sulfate);
- 30 gr.phosphate fertilizers( double superphosphate);
- 300 gr.furnace ash.
Liquid organic fertilizer will give the best result in the form of a diluted mullein infusion or bird droppings.
The task of these dressings is to prepare the shrub for laying the next year's flower buds
It is advisable to sprinkle humus or peat mixed with ash on top of the soil that was dug up under the bush to a thickness of no more than 10 cm. This layer covers both the inner shrub zone and the bite margin. Due to mulching, the water-air, temperature and nutrient regime of the upper soil layer is improved, the roots are protected from freezing, and weed growth is reduced. It is advisable to soil the soil before the onset of frost.
Treating gooseberries from diseases and pests
Mandatory processing of gooseberries from diseases and pests is necessary in the fall.
Ferrous sulfate is an effective means of controlling fungal diseases, the bushes are treated with a 3% solution after the leaves fall. A 1-3% solution of Bordeaux fluid is also used.
5% solution of baking soda is used to combat powdery mildew. To protect against septoria, anthracnose or goblet rust, gooseberry and soil should be treated with oxychloride( 40 g per 10 liters of water), soap-copper emulsion, or ash extract. All fallen leaves should be burned.
To protect against aphids, moths or sawflies, gooseberry treatment should be carried out in the autumn with a solution of karbofos( 20 g per 10 liters of water), infusion of ashes( 1 kg per 10 liters of water) or infusion of onion peel, chopped garlic or potato tops.
All the measures taken for the processing of gooseberries will have a favorable effect on growth and yield.