Agree that the first lighting fixture should not be installed in plasterboard structures, stretch ceilings, furniture elements and other objects. Light bulbs are needed for spotlights located in hard-to-reach and poorly ventilated areas. What type of light bulbs and manufacturer to give preference?
We will help you to make a choice - the article discusses the main types of lamps used for installation in lamps of the point type. Their advantages and disadvantages are given, useful recommendations are given on the choice of the optimal lighting device with regard to its future location.
Visual photographic materials and video tips were also selected to help get a light source with good performance and minimal heating. Properly selected device will allow to highlight the desired areas and observe the parameters of fire safety.
The content of the article:
Varieties of suitable light sources
- №1 - pros and cons of incandescent bulbs
- No. 2 - the advantages and disadvantages of halogen caps
- No. 3 - the nuances of the work of energy-saving products
- No. 4 - features of LEDs
- What to consider when buying?
Top list of the best brands of light bulbs
- # 1 - Philips offerings
- No. 2 - Osram product line
- No. 3 - Gauss Brand Specification
- No. 4 is a trademark of Navigator
- №5 - firm "Era"
- №6 - a few words about the "Chinese"
- Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Varieties of suitable light sources
In the spotlights used incandescent bulbs, halogen, energy-saving and LED devices. Typically, the instrument case is configured under certain base and, based on these parameters, a suitable light bulb is selected for it.
What type it will be depends on the requirements of comfort and fire safety for the lighting system, as well as the desired effect and the amount that the buyer plans to spend.
№1 - pros and cons of incandescent bulbs
An ordinary light bulb provides a soft, pleasant light in a warm range and does not tire the eyes, even with prolonged illumination. The bulb containing the filament is made of heat-resistant glass and has good transparency.
Pass almost all the produced light energy. Inexpensive and easily replaced with a new one at burnout.
The traditional Edison bulbs have a very short operational period. Manufacturers limit it to one thousand hours, however, even this modest resource of a product does not always produce
The first major drawback of the device is the lowest level of efficiency, amounting to only 5-15%, depending on the power. In second place is a record high consumption of electrical energy, forcing owners to pay large utility bills with active use for lighting incandescent bulbs.
Arranging spot lighting for suspended ceilings, you must always consult with the master installer regarding the power of the purchased lamps. This will save the customer from mistakes and unnecessary expenses associated with buying the wrong light sources.
It is possible to use such bulbs in spotlights, but it is not very convenient due to their large size.
To properly hide the light source, a good depth of the stretch ceiling or plasterboard is required. structures either in the overhead luminaire there should be a voluminous, roomy ceiling lamp completely hiding shining element.
For point lighting incandescent bulbs are beneficial only for the price. According to customer reviews, they have to be changed every 6 months, and excessive warming up of the hull in the course of work reflects badly on the general condition of the stretch ceiling
For embedding in furniture or other flat surfaces of incandescent bulbs are generally not suitable due to their relatively large dimensions.
No. 2 - the advantages and disadvantages of halogen caps
Halogen options are more progressive light sources. They are superior to the classic in all respects. incandescent bulbs, having twice the service life. Therefore, their use in the lighting system is more practical and economical.
Halogen lamps attract a very high level of color index (IC). They figure is 100 units. This is important when you want to keep the most accurate shades, without distorting them pouring flux
However, users choosing these devices for spotlights should be aware that for correct and stable operation, halogens need a stable voltage.
Any drops in the network affect halogen bulbs worst way and reduce the operational period by up to 40%. In addition, there is a significant decrease in light output, which also can not be attributed to the merits.
It is permissible to use not only classic 220-volt halogen lamps, but also 12-volt lamps in the spotlights, but only through a special transformer that reduces the voltage
If halogens are selected for a spotlight system, it is imperative to install them for them. transformer, reducing the mains voltage to the values consumed by the devices.
This will extend the life of the lamp, since the main percentage of burnout occurs at the time of switching on. It is possible to install this equipment for each individual lighting device or immediately for the whole group.
It is necessary to mount halogens in working gloves only. Any fatty contamination remaining on the surface, at high temperatures, quickly burns and forms an area of vulnerability, subsequently leading to the destruction of the integrity of the lamp
Among the main disadvantages of halogen products is excessive warming during operation. This significantly limits the scope of use of spotlights with such modules and reduces their level of popularity.
No. 3 - the nuances of the work of energy-saving products
Energy-saving lamps behave well in spotlights and satisfy all basic needs.
6 times lower in comparison with incandescent lamps, the consumption of electrical energy does not only attractive, but also beneficial for arranging even a very large lighting system designed for a spacious, overall room.
Energy-saving lamps for spotlights can be selected with both warm and cold temperature light. This moment remains on the choice of the buyer and depends on personal wishes and stylistic design of the room.
The service life of energy-saving devices is very impressive and is 5-7 times longer than halogen-free performance. By purchasing light bulbs, you can count on the fact that they will last up to 10,000 hours of quality and provide a stable, non-irritating eye, a stream of light in any residential or work space.
Among the variety of bases you need to look for marking GU10 or GU5,3. These options are the most common and are available specifically for spot type lamps.
No. 4 - features of LEDs
LED bulbs have a wide range of useful and practical advantages.
Among them are such positions as:
- minimum electricity consumption;
- high mechanical strength;
- the lowest working temperature of the case;
- weak susceptibility to on / off cycles;
- operational durability.
Thanks to these qualities, LEDs are very popular and confidently push out many other light sources from the market.
LEDs exhibit the highest durability among all light sources. With proper operation, modules from high-quality brands can work from 20,000 to 100,000 thousand hours
For installation in spotlights suspended ceilings, these devices are considered the most preferred. The minimum profile height makes it possible to mount them even where, by virtue of the constructional features of the structure, between the decorative trim and the ceiling itself remains a very small free space.
In the process, the body of LED lamps is heated very weakly. This factor allows their use in constructions made of fire-resistant materials.
Light Flow Serving led appliances, has good density and saturation. The generated beam is distributed evenly and does not create glare spots either on the floor or on any other illuminated surface.
Additionally, diode lamps are equipped with sealing parts and are suitable for use not only in places with high humidity, but even in spotlights installed underwater in swimming pools or decorative aquariums.
With the help of colored LED lamps mounted in a spot ceiling lights, you can create in the room the original lighting, not like what is in the homes of friends or relatives
The range of LED devices is so wide and diverse that it is easy to choose the right lamp of the most extraordinary design.
Products are presented in a variety of capacities and color temperatures. This allows you to embody in the room any exotic and unusual lighting solution, it is absolutely impossible to implement with other types of lamps.
The only disadvantage of LEDs is a fairly high initial price, especially for branded products that have proven themselves in the market of lighting equipment and related elements. True, over time, it is more than compensated for the economical consumption of electrical energy, almost 10-12 times less than that of traditional incandescent lamps.
What to consider when buying?
Immediately before the acquisition, you must first determine the purpose of the lighting system and the intended use.
There are only two options:
- Creating basic lighting, designed to bring light to all corners of the room.
- Backlight. Implementation of a design solution, that is, providing background lighting for individual interior elements, space zoning, and so on.
In the first case, it is better to stop the choice on high-power appliances, available for installation in ceilings, walls, floors, enfilade and stair design. This will make it possible to make a bright saturated light, smoothly enveloping the entire room and giving it generality and integrity.
Swivel spotlight lamp with a suitable shade can be used as a spotlight, directing its beam to a specific place to create an extraordinary or exclusive room the atmosphere
For background lighting and decorative lighting need low-power light sources with different temperature ranges.
With their help, it will be possible to isolate any specific interior details, divide the living or working space into zones. And also to emphasize pictures hanging on the walls or beautifully highlight sculptures, floor vases or any other original elements of decorative styling.
Doing zoning indoors, it is appropriate to use rotary spotlights with lamps of average power. They will help to create a beautiful area with bright light, but will not be crowded in one place.
To spot lighting stretch ceilings requires a special approach. The material from which they are made is characterized by poor heat resistance and, under the influence of high temperatures over 50 degrees, may turn yellow, go stained, crack and lose elasticity.
To avoid these troubles, you need to properly install the lamps and choose the optimal lamp power for them. Experts advise to install halogens or diode lamps in such systems.
They provide high-quality light flow, but at the same time they heat less and do not have a negative impact on the ceiling material. Another point that needs to be considered is the power limitation.
The maximum figures here are the following figures:
- 35 W - for halogens in a fixed lamp and 40 W in a moving;
- 50 W - for luminescents;
- 50-60 W for incandescent bulbs.
In addition, it is necessary to take into account the shape of the selected lamps and select the lamp so that they fit under the body in size, and not protruding from the ceiling, creating a striking, uncomfortable stream Sveta.
Top list of the best brands of light bulbs
The market of lighting equipment and related elements is developing very actively. With recognized European brands that have been offering their products to customers for decades, they are actively competing promising newcomers from the CIS countries and China, who only recently started producing high-quality light sources of different types and types.
Among the variety of brands identified TOP-7, whose products created for spotlights, bought up the best and causes a minimum of complaints.
# 1 - Philips offerings
Philips is a recognized world market leader in the progressive lighting segment. With a wealth of experience, production potential and an extensive scientific knowledge base, the brand produces the entire line of lamps suitable for mounting in spotlights.
Light bulbs from the Philips brand are distinguished by a high level of reliability and can withstand considerable loads under the conditions of correct operation. Their cost is somewhat higher than that of competitors, but this is offset by the high quality of each product.
In the list of products offered by the brand, there are incandescent modules of various shapes, equipped with caps of popular sizes and reflectors to create ambient light.
The company makes galogens with a reflector and without a voltage of 220 V and 12 V. Philips LED devices offers in a wide variety of configurations. It is not difficult to choose a suitable model among them, even if the spotlight has an original, non-standard design.
No. 2 - Osram product line
Osram is one of the oldest, most experienced and respected market players. Among the products of the German brand there are any types of devices suitable for spotlights - from traditional Edison lamps to progressive and economical LEDs of any power.
On the ice components, the Osram company provides a company warranty and states that they fully develop a resource of 45,000 hours and are correctly used in spotlights for 5 years.
Lamps on diodes are presented in all popular types of socles and are suitable for cartridges and cases of different types and configurations. Provide a good light stream in the wide range of shades from the warmest to the cold.
Galogens are offered both with reflectors and without, guaranteeing sparkling, pleasant looking lighting with a different angle of dispersion of the working beam. They help to revive the situation in the room and allow you to make accent spots that give the interior solution a bright personality.
Integrated Energy Saving light bulbs from Osram They are built into structurally versatile lamps and effectively replace incandescent modules, which consume a large amount of electricity. Sold for a reasonable price and, according to customer reviews, are reliable and operationally stable.
No. 3 - Gauss Brand Specification
The Gauss trademark is owned by Vatron, registered in Russia. This is a relatively young manufacturer, has already managed to loudly declare itself the creation of high-quality lighting products. The company does not produce incandescent lamps and specializes in the production of only modern and advanced light sources.
With a completely loyal cost of the lamp, Gauss fully develops the declared period, issues a light stream that strictly corresponds to prescribed on the packaging parameters and are equipped with popular types of caps, suitable for different spot lighting fixtures constructions
In addition to the lamps themselves, under the brand Gauss produced spotlights, made in a variety of design solutions. If desired, the client can complete the entire lighting system in the house only Gauss products, which in the complex will ensure the most correct operation.
No. 4 is a trademark of Navigator
Another fairly young Russian manufacturer, offering a large range of lamp products of different types at an affordable price. It has a modern enterprise in Wedge equipped with advanced equipment.
The technological support of the workshops and the high level of working specialists allow creating not only incandescent lamps and halogens, but also progressive LED modules of various capacities.
Actively introduces innovative technologies into production and produces light bulbs for spot-type luminaires that meet all European requirements. It sells its goods in Russia, the CIS countries and some EU countries.
Users note the worthy quality of Navigator products, adequate value and a company guarantee that the company gives to all types of light sources, except incandescent bulbs.
№5 - firm "Era"
The products of the Russian company "Era" occupy a niche in the market of budget lighting elements and offers users products that meet technical parameters, state standards and European certificates.
The price policy of the company is to provide the client with high-quality and aesthetically attractive lighting device Era at a reasonable cost.
The designations of all parameters required when choosing lamps are printed very clearly on the front of the package. This facilitates and speeds up the selection, making the purchase easy and comfortable.
For spotlights, Era produces inexpensive incandescent elements, compact halogens with a reflector. and without, and the widest range of LEDs, represented by several budget and one premium a series of.
№6 - a few words about the "Chinese"
Chinese lighting products occupy a fairly large market segment and create serious competition for both Russian and European brands.
Choosing Chinese products, you should buy only branded products. Very cheap unnamed modules will not work the promised time and will not provide the premises with a sufficient level of light flow.
Among all the brands of China, the most attention deserves Feron, Electrum, Voltage, Canyon and ELM.
These enterprises have proven themselves and managed to attract buyers with a harmonious combination of an adequate price with a decent quality of their products.
Conclusions and useful video on the topic
Video # 1. Which lamps for spotlights to give preference. Comparison of halogenos and LEDs:
Video # 2. How to replace a failed light bulb in a spot type lighting fixture:
Video # 3. Which LED lamps are best for spotlights and why:
Choosing light bulbs to create spot lighting, you should consider the design of the lamp, its location and basic requirements for fire safety. To focus only on the cost and buy the cheapest devices unreasonable.
They have a short lifespan, and they consume a lot of electricity. But initially more expensive devices work much longer and economically consume the resource, providing a pleasant looking light.
Tell us how you chose light bulbs for installation in spotlights. Share the criteria that are decisive for you personally. Please leave comments in the block below, post a photo on the topic of the article, ask questions on points of contention and interest.