- №1. What are the main advantages of a terrace board?
- №2. What types of terraced boards exist?
- Natural wood decking board
- Terrace board made of heat-treated wood
- Wood-polymer composite board
- TOP 5 world manufacturers of terraced boards
- Top 5 Russian manufacturers of terraced board
Than to finishfloor on the terrace, veranda, balcony, near the pool, that was both beautiful and practical? Surely, many people puzzled over this issue, faced with numerous shortcomings of traditional materials, until in the 90s a terraced board appeared. First, it was cladding floors on balconies in Japan, and later the material quickly spread around the world and found wide application. Non-slip, resistant to moisture and sunlight, durable and durable,ideal for outdoor use- all this is only a part of its merits. The huge range and appearance of unscrupulous producers complicate the choice of a terrace board, but our tips will help you cope with this task.
№1. What are the main advantages of a terrace board?
To the terrace board belongs a group of materials made either from wood, or with its use. Different production technologies, which will be discussed later, leave an imprint on the properties of the material, but, nevertheless, all types of terraced board are characterized by suchgeneral main advantages:
- resistance to atmospheric precipitation, sunlight, high humidity;
- simplicity of installation and maintenance;
- a huge selection of colors and textures, which makes it possible to easily find a solution suitable for any conditions;
- the material does not rot, does not burn out in the sun and does not peel;
- strength and durability.
It is not surprising that with such properties the terrace board has found wide application when used in an environment. It serves much better and longer than a regular board, but it does not yield to it in decorative qualities, surpassing numerous alternatives.
№2. What types of terraced boards exist?
Today under the terrace board understand several types of coverage. If some arefrom natural woodorheat-treated wood, then others -from wood flourand binder polymeric materials. What features do these boards have?
Natural wood decking board
To produce such a boardan array of trees is used.Since the material will continue to be used in environmental conditions at high humidity and under exposure to sunlight, wood should be naturally strong, moisture-resistant and resistant to temperature fluctuations. Best of all, those species of trees that grow under similar conditions. itExotic trees, including sequoia, merbau, teak, yarra, garapia and kumaru. Among the domestic breeds most meet the requirementslarch, as well as oak and ash, because their strength when wet increases, and this is an indispensable property for the terrace board.
From other lining materials made of natural wood, the terrace board is distinguished by the presence of corrugation on the front surface, as well as longitudinal cuts. In the production of wood processed with special substances, increasing its resistance to decay and pests.
- Among the main advantagesmaterial is worth noting the environmental friendliness, the ability to color or tint the wood in a certain shade.
- Amongminusesthe presence of natural wood inclusions, such as knots and cracks, but this gives the coating a special chic. After laying the surface of such a board sometimes will have to be treated with additional protective materials.
Terrace board made of heat-treated wood
The technology of processing wood with high temperature was also used by Vikings. Nowadays in Germany and Finland this process has been improved, and now the wood is "tempered" thanks toexposure to steam with a temperature of about 2000C. Such processing allows to completely change the properties of a tree, making it practicallyinert to the effects of moisture, ultraviolet and other negative factors. At the same time, it is possible to maintain maximum ecological compatibility, because no varnishes and impregnations are used.
The steamed wood receives an original beautiful texture, it reacts more evenly to changes in temperature, receives a high resistance to decay. Naturally, the service life also increases.
- Of the minusesIt is worth noting only the increased cost of such a board.
As for the types of wood,larch, hornbeam, pine, oak, beech, ash and others.
Wood-polymer composite board
The wood-polymer composite board (DPC) is also calledcomposite or deck. Today it gets the most popularity due to its reasonable price, excellent appearance and phenomenal performance.
The composition of the board from the KDP includes such components:
- organic or mineral filler. These are sawdust, wood shavings or fiberglass, wood flour;
- binding material. It can be of an artificial origin (most often polyethylene, polyvinyl chloride and polypropylene) or natural origin (for example, grain starch or waste paper production).
In the vast majority of cases,polymer binder, and, basically, this:
- polyethylene. The cheapest option, with some disadvantages. The material is less durable, more abrasive and slippery than that made on the basis of other polymers;
- PVC. The board using PVC will be distinguished by a higher price, but also by such excellent operational qualities, such as high density, fire resistance, no slipping effect when water hits.
DKK can be dyed directly during production in bulk or after manufacture. With the first method of staining, naturally, color fastness will be higher.
- Advantagesthe material is very much, among them, of course, resistance to moisture, mold, low temperatures, as well as a wide range of colors.
- Among the minusesthe ability to elongate when exposed to high temperatures, which must be taken into account during installation.
If your plans to purchase this kind of terrace board, thenwhen choosing it is worth consideringuniformity of mixing of the components of the mixture. Emptiness and color impregnations should be completely absent - this is an indicator of quality material that will last for many years. An inflated and undulating surface produces disturbances in production technology.
No. 3. What should be the profile of the terrace board?
Since the terrace board is used in conditions of environmental influences, where rainfall is not excluded, it is important that when the surface becomes wet, the surface does not become slippery. Otherwise, it will be impossible to get out to the open balcony, terrace or patio after the rain. To solve this problem, the terrace board is attachedcorrugated profile. Smooth plaque is much less common.
When hit on a rippled surface, water is evenly distributed between the edges of the profile, and the person only comes on them, so the chance to slip is reduced to zero. The grooved surface also has the other side: depressions can collect dirt, remnants of branches, dry leaves and other debris. Clear the surface of such pollution is not difficult: just send a jet of water from the hose.
Depending on where the board will be used, and what degree of slip is needed, choosematerial with different frequency and depth of longitudinal cuts. If you want to protect yourself as much as possible, it is better to choose a board with more frequent and deep cuts.
As for the color of the coating, it should be chosen based on the shade of the floor covering in the house, so that there are no sharp transitions. Remember that a terraced board made of natural wood can always be repainted.
№4. Features of the terrace board depending on the place of its laying
The scope of the terrace board today is very wide: unglazed balconies, terraces, garden paths, patio, space around the pool, as well as parking, saunas and baths, moorings, verandas, etc. Naturally, in all these cases the material must have slightly different properties.The first parameter to pay attention to is density.The relevant information should be indicated on the packaging, as a last resort, you can specify the data on the density of the seller.
Balconies and loggias are places with the minimum passableness, therefore here it is possible to use a board with not the highest density. The places near the pool, although subjected to a small load, because people here go barefoot, but are susceptible to constant exposure to moisture. That is why in these cases it is better to use a medium density board, so the higher the density, the less the material absorbs moisture.
Places where people walk in rough shoes, and these are terraces, gazebos, garden paths, it is better to trim a dense board, otherwise after a while you can see on the material "trampled path".
Depending on the load, it will be usedboard with different thicknesses, but it is divided into such types:
- thin (at a thickness of 19-22 mm);
- average (at a thickness of up to 30 mm);
- thick (at a thickness of up to 48 mm).
№5. What manufacturers can be trusted?
The great demand for a terrace board gives rise to an ever-growing supply. This is good for customers, because the choice is only expanding, but, on the other hand, this trend makes you increasingly cautious, because every day the market goes more and more unscrupulous manufacturers who want to get an instant benefit.
Sly domestic vendors often go for a trick and give out Chinese productsfor French and Swedish, where there is no production of a terrace board. If the quality is in the first place, it is better to overpay a little and give preference to the well-known themselves to overseas companies, or some domestic companies that have been holding for many years brand.
TOP 5 world manufacturers of terraced boards
Terracesboard from the WPC of Relazzo Classic brandproduced byby REHAU. The manufacturer exists more than 60 years and during this time managed to gain a foothold as a leader in the field of the polymer industry. The company's terrace board is one of the best offers on the street flooring market. It is a reliable, practical and beautiful material that is produced by its own technology from polypropylene, wood fibers, as well as biological and mineral components. Products are successfully used in conditions of both cold and hot climate.
The production is in Estonia, the products are popular all over the world. The company offers a heat-treated terrace board, and special technology allows to produce durable and durable products, which thanks to special oils looks very nice. Uses ash, spruce and pine wood.
Hungarian companypresents in the domestic market a terraced board from the KDP, which is produced using polypropylene, wood component and additional additives, giving the material an excellent appearance and practicality. All this, combined with ease of installation and a wide range of products, explains the popularity of the manufacturer's products.
German manufacturercomposite terraced board, which uses its own design in the production of products, which explains its reliability and high competitiveness. In the assortment there are not so many different shades, but all of them are classic and will easily fit into any interior.
The large South Korean company LG Hausysis part of the LG concern and produces a terraced board from the KDP under the Woozen trademark. Although the company is represented on the market of this building material for only 5 years, it has already distinguished itself. A special embossing technology is used, which makes it possible to make a composite board that resembles a natural tree as much as possible, but by properties much superior to it. Similar offers are not yet available from other manufacturers.
Top 5 Russian manufacturers of terraced board
Kazan company, which became the leader among domestic producers of a terrace board from the KDP. Products are produced under the trademark MultiDeck, produced on Italian equipment and meet the most stringent along with an acceptable price has caused a huge demand for products both in all regions of Russia and in near abroad. The terrace board is represented by several collections and a huge number of colors.
ThisMoscow companyworks since 2010, and during this time has time to recommend their products. Used imported equipment and special technology, which allows to obtain a composite board of high strength. In addition, another strength of the company's products is the design and variety of colors.
This companyone of the first in Russiabegan to produce a terrace board. Today in its assortment a board from a file of exotic wood which is delivered from the southern countries. These are kumaru, merbau, irpe, garapa, tatachuba and other tree species. In addition, a terrace board made of WPC is manufactured, and the manufacturing technology is constantly being improved.
The company produces a terraceash-wood board. In the asset of the manufacturer a spacious warehouse, where a large volume of heat-treated billets is always stored, which allows you to quickly execute orders of any volume. The company also produces a board from the KDP, constantly expanding the range.
The company produces productsunder the trademark Terrapol- this is a terrace board from the KDP. Among the advantages - consistently high quality and a huge range of shades. In addition, the company personally carries out the installation of the terrace board, and the accumulated experience allows you to do your job quickly and as high as possible.