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The Dieffenbachia genus includes several dozen species found in nature in the tropical regions of the Americas. Only a few varieties are grown as room pot plants, the most popular and widespread of which is Dieffenbachia spotted.
Description and features of the dieffenbachia spotted
Due to some inconsistency in the modern classification of these plants, the species may appear under several names:
- Dieffenbachia spotty or Dieffenbachia maculata;
- Dieffenbachia Seguin or Dieffenbachia Seguine var. Seguine;
- Dieffenbachia Motley or Dieffenbachia picta.
With proper care, dieffenbachia is spotty at home and grows to a meter height. The plant:
- powerful upright, and with a significant lengthening of the shoots shoots;
- large, pointy-elliptical leaves, sitting alternately and distinguished by motley platinum leaves;
- cob-shaped inflorescences, covered with a greenish-white elongated veil;
- orange-red medium-sized juicy fruit.
The peculiarity of all varieties of dieffenbachia is the unique color of dense foliage. A variety of shades and patterns is amazing. Depending on the variety, it is possible to see large and small spots, smears and veins of a different shade on the greenery of spotted Dieffenbachia. But with age, some of the leaves inevitably grow old and fall off, revealing a bare trunk to the eyes. The plant takes the form of a thin tree with a cap of foliage at the top.
Loss of foliage is a natural process, but with insufficient care, whether it is lack of top dressing, watering, or vice versa, excessive soil moisture, the plant begins to intensively get rid of the leaves. The blooming of spotted Dieffenbachia also contributes to this.
How does flowering dieffenbachia?
Becoming the owner of Dieffenbachia, many beginners and some experienced growers do not know that the plant not only presents with decorative foliage, but also occasionally blooms. Moreover, inflorescences of spotted Dieffenbachia are quite large, and it is impossible not to notice them.
When and how does dieffenbachia bloom? Like other Aroids, they have the shape of a slender, elongated cob, located inside the bracts bract. The length of the inflorescence reaches 15-18 cm, and the coverlet is somewhat longer than the ear. Flowers are divided into male and female, but it is difficult to consider them with the naked eye, they are so small.
Flowering most often occurs in the second half of spring. But if the florist for a long time to admire, as flowering dieffenbachia, in the photo, it threatens to weaken the plant and the rapid loss of its decoration. Therefore, future inflorescences emerging from the leaf sinuses are recommended to be cut.
If the cob remains on the stem, after pollination, round and oval orange berries with black glossy seeds inside are tied and ripen on it.
Varietal dieffenbachia spotty
In nature, it is impossible to see plants with leaves colored with all shades of green, silvery and creamy white, like in cultivated, varietal dieffenbachia spotty.
Most flower growers who are fond of ornamental leafy cultures have a Dieffenbachia Camilla in the collection or, as the name of this popular variety Camille, sounds. For all spotted dieffenbachia is characterized by one or another degree of variegation of the sheet. But here the light specks and strokes in the center of the leaf plate merge, giving the plant a bright, uniquely sunny look.
The variety of spotted dieffenbachia Tropical Tiki has its own peculiarity. On the center of the leaf green color becomes grayish-silver. Lighter or completely white spots are clearly visible on its background.
The Tropic Marianne dieffenbachia variety can be considered the lightest grower available. Green color is preserved only on the very edge of the sheet, and the rest of it has a pale yellow, creamy color. White streaks emphasize the collection texture of the sheet plate.
The leaves of the Tropic Sun variety have a dark green outline along the edge of the leaf and a bright central vein. In the center of the sheet has a lighter, grassy shade.
On pistachio, with speckled dark and light spots, the leaves of the Dieffenbachia spotted variety Rudolph Roehrs clearly stand out dark edges and the central vein.
In order to get such beautiful memorable plants, the florist must provide competent and constant care for spotted Dieffenbachia at home, providing the flower with the most comfortable atmosphere.
One of the decorative conditions for variegated varieties is growing under the prosperity of a bright, but not scorching sun. If the pot is removed in the shade, the foliage loses its intrinsic color, the spots dim, and the stems disproportionately stretch out.
How to care for dieffenbachia? What conditions are optimal for well-being and growth of indoor flower?
Care for homemade spotted bachia
In addition to properly organized lighting, plants need:
- warmth and lack of drafts;
- moisture in the soil and air;
- nutrient primer, the content of which macro-and micronutrients are regularly replenished with fertilizers.
In the summer of Dieffenbachia, it is comfortable at 20–25 ° C.But with the onset of the cold season, the temperature in the room can be reduced or the flower can be moved to where it will be at 16–18 ° C.At the same time, the plant should not be deficient in solar or artificial light.
Irrigation of ornamental crops:
- is carried out in the summer when the surface layer of the substrate dries out;
- in winter when the soil is dry at a depth of several centimeters.
It is important not to overflow the flower, otherwise the spotted dieffenbachia suffers from a lack of oxygen and rotting of the root system. Her foliage gradually turns yellow and dies.
As needed, especially when the heating is running, the air in the room is additionally moistened, and the leaves are sprayed or wiped with a damp cloth.
If the collection has variegated varieties with a predominance of light shades, the florist has to accurately dispense nitrogen fertilizers when dressing them. On the one hand, they help to grow the aboveground parts, on the other hand, they can adversely affect the decorative properties of the flower. Under the action of this element, even the upper, traditionally brighter leaves of spotted Dieffenbachia noticeably turn green.