Installation of a metal door to a framed housetallic door, it happens that he does not expect the amount to the dismantling of the old and installation of the new. Therefore, it remains to make two decisions: either he will install the front door himself, or call people who will do it. The second in itself is costly, because you have to lay out a certain amount from the family budget again. It's easier to do it with your own hands.
How to install metal entrance doors on your own
To install a new door, you must dismantle the old one. To do this, first separate the door leaf from the box. It must be removed from the hinges, if the mount was on the hinges, and set aside. Now remove the box. If the box is metal, then the grinder to remove the connection between the box and the mounting rods. If wooden bars were used for fixing, then unscrew the screws from the secret holes.
Then, cut the box into two parts and remove. In the event that there is a desire to preserve it, then it is necessary to carefully pull it out of the doorway with a scrap and a hammer.
Now the question is whether you will increase the door connector or decrease it. Extending the doorway is simple and uncomplicated. Using a special tool - grinders, perforators and scrap to destroy part of the wall necessary for the installation of the entrance iron door. Most often, problems arise in people who themselves install the front door with a smaller opening. Reducing the opening by 10 centimeters is much easier than by 50. In the first case, lay the extra distance with brick and plaster. In the second case, it is necessary to make a small frame in the size of the opening, and the rest between the wall and the frame should be sealed with mortar. Attach the frame to the wall.
After the opening is prepared, you can proceed to the installation of the front metal door with your own hands.
Required installation tool:
- anchor bolts;
- scrap or nail catcher.
Installation of steel entrance doors is as follows. At the beginning, unpack the door brought. Together with her there should be anchor bolts that will fasten the box to the wall. Their size should not exceed 15 cm in length and be less than 10 cm. The diameter of the anchor bolt is 12-15 mm. If you do not find them together with the purchased door, then you need to purchase it at any hardware store.
After unpacking, do not remove the protective film! It will save the door from scratches that can be applied during the installation of the front door in the Khrushchev.
Now you should install an input box together with an assistant. But first you need to check it for verticality and horizontal. To check apply level or plumb. After everything is fine with the dimensions and geometry of the box, insert it into the doorway. Place wedges of wood under the box. Now carry out the leveling of the door unit.
It is necessary to check the level of the part of the box to which the hinges of the door leaf will be attached. If the doorway, as well as the walls are pre-aligned, then put it is not difficult. The box itself will rise as it should.
It is necessary to start fixing the block to the wall from the top, where the hinges of the door leaf are located. Drill a hole in the auger and insert an anchor in it. Anchor must be tightened to the end, but not tighten. Then move on to the next step.
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Drill a hole in the bottom eyelet and insert an anchor. Make everything the same as with the top. Repeat the same steps on the opposite side and top and bottom.
Do not forget to check the level of the box all the time to avoid unnecessary problems when you hang the canvas.
Even if your frame staggers a bit - there is nothing to worry about. Then everything will be foamed with foam and the door will gain stability and stability.
Now proceed to install the door leaf on the hinges. After that, check the door for opening and closing, locking the lock. If you did everything correctly and set the door jamb in level, the door will not open or close itself. But doing this for a person will not be difficult.
However, if the bolts of the lock cling to the box or the part of the door where the lock is located also clings to the door frame, then you need to tighten the door hinges to the desired level.
Step Four - Last
After the door is installed, checked, it should be sealed. Sealing is as follows, using mounting foam.
Take a foam cylinder, shake well. Now fill the remaining openings and gaps between the box and the wall. The only place where foam is not used is the threshold. Pour it with a solution of concrete. The fact is that foam over time from constant walking is deformed and crumbled.
Do not use the door after sealing with foam for six hours. This is done so that it finally locks into the opening.
Installation guidelines for door entry
One of the methods for installing the door frame was described above. It is called drowning in the wall. Usually it is made in those houses where the walls are more than 40 cm thick. Otherwise, thieves can easily tear it out of the wall.
Therefore, on such walls the box is fixed with the help of plates, which are located on the side racks. Plates with the wall are connected with steel rods or anchor bolts.
Strengthening the doorway is best done from a channel or metal corners. This will strengthen and give additional protection for the installation of an iron door, if before that there was a wooden one in your house or apartment. This approach will protect the doorway from sagging and the destruction of materials in this place from which the house is made.
Below is a diagram of the installation of metal doors.
After installing the door and sealing it, it is necessary to carefully remove the caked foam along with the wall, and plaster the opening.
From the inside, you can install the cash cops at will. But, if steel entrance doors were installed, which have a massive doorframe, the cashers are not required. Since the design itself involves a beautiful design.
Installing a door in aerated concrete
In itself, aerated concrete is a very fragile material. Therefore, it is difficult to install a street door.
If the entrance door is smaller than the doorway, then it is necessary to cut the blocks with a special saw to the desired size.
The fixing of the door frame to aerated concrete occurs in three ways. In the first case, you should already have metal mortgages embedded in the walls to which the opening will be fixed. At a height of 2.1 meters, three mortgages are calculated, whose whiskers are recessed into the seam of the masonry. The box is attached with anchor bolts to the mortgages.
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Mortgage dimensions - 100x75x8 mm. Whiskers are made of reinforcement with a diameter of 10 mm.
It so happens that when building a house, mortgages are forgotten. Then the reinforcement of the wood opening will come to the rescue. In order to put the front door in the aerated concrete without mortgages, you need a U-shaped trim of the boards. The width of the latter should be equal to the wall thickness. Sizes of boards or bar of 40 mm. They are joined together by a board. The box is attached to the slopes with anchors. And to make it more beautiful, cut out the tunnel, where the timber will be inserted. The box is attached to the strapping anchors.
Wooden strapping is an easy and cheap way to reinforce an opening, but the most unreliable.
Be sure to saturate the wood with antiseptic. Use only oak or larch.
Installation of entrance doors with wooden piping
Installation of exterior doors in a private house of aerated concrete with wooden piping:
- after the production of piping and installation, the box is inserted into the resulting reinforced doorway and secured with anchors;
- hangs and adjusts metal entrance door;
- gaps are sealed with mounting foam.
The last way to install a door in aerated concrete is reliable and high-quality reinforcement of the opening with a metal frame. The design, which is made of metal for this method, repeats the wooden reinforcement. Only instead of wood a corner with dimensions of 100x75x8 mm is used. Two sets are made: one - front, another - internal.
Made frame frames the corners of the walls of cellular concrete and is welded to each other with jumpers 5 cm wide and 3 mm thick. Mount the plates at a distance of 50 cm from each other.
Then plaster the slopes and install the entrance box for the door. It is fastened with anchors in the frame. Then hang the door on the hinges.
Due to the fragility of the material - do not drive screws, but twist them. Wall next to the frame strengthened with reinforced mesh. Protect metal from corrosion with primer. Replace joints with foam and cover with mastic.
Do not use pins to connect the frame to the wall. The gap is formed and the hole with the pin will increase as it is used. As a result, the frame may fall out.
Installing the front door in a brick house
Replacing the front door in a brick house requires a special approach. First, you need to take into account its design. It should not contrast and stand out sharply among the general background. Secondly, it must be durable, soundproof and reliable in order to protect the owner not only from burglars, but also from street noise. Thirdly, the door is divided into elements of the entrance groups.
Installing the swing door is also done, as the metal door to the apartment is installed. The frame is sliding from two rails above and below. Doors can open both in different directions, and move off only in one direction.
So we looked at various examples of replacing the front door in houses made of concrete and brick. Now consider how the installation of the iron door in a wooden house.
Installing the door in a wooden house with their own hands
The entrance doors in the wooden house are installed only after half a year or more after the walls have been erected. When the house will shrink capital.
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Installation of a metal door in a timber house occurs only after the casing bar is reinforced. For this we need:
- laser level;
In the wall of wood, cut an opening for mounting the door frame. At the end of the router, make a groove 50x50 mm. Then to hammer in it a bar of the same section. If the work is done in a house with shrinkage, then a bar is used less than 2 cm in length than the length of the groove.
If the house is built from a round timber, then hem the board up to 5 cm thick. Its width is equal to the wall thickness. Connect it to the wall with screws or nails. Sew on the board so that the opening does not lead, as the twisting and bending forces in such a house are great.
Next, nail down the threshold board to the lower timber, and another one on top of it, which will serve as an opening.
When installing a metal door in a wooden house, you can not make the upper bar okosyachki.
Since the metal box is strong enough and powerful enough to withstand the pressure of the beam. Therefore, during installation, leave a clearance of 10 cm from the top for shrinkage. The side carriages okosyachki make the same height as the door itself.
Further installation is carried out the same way as the installation of the entrance to the apartment. Zaps and gaps zapoenite and close cash out.
Installation of a metal door to the frame house
In order to install the iron door in the frame house it is necessary to reinforce the opening.
Prepare the casing of the beam. Put jambs on four sides and lock into the frame. With the help of an assistant, insert the entrance door box into the opening, and the door should be open. Place wedges prepared in advance from a wooden bar under the threshold. Use a level to level the position of the box relative to the floor and walls of the frame.
. If there are any deviations, it is necessary to tuck in wooden wedges or insert additional ones. Cloth close and open. Try to close and open the castle dog. If everything is normal and nothing clings to the door, then fix the box to the walls.
Drill holes for anchor bolts through. Screw in the bolts and re-check the door for opening and closing.
If the entire door does not give any deviations, fix the pritol and the threshold part with anchor bolts.
After fixing all the sides, check the door again. And only after all checks bolts all the way screw into the base of the frame.
Then fill the gaps and gaps between the box and the frame with mounting foam. Do it from floor to ceiling. Fill the seam with only 60%.Wait until the foam hardens.
Fill the gaps between the threshold and the box with sealant. Check the door leaf for opening and closing again. Close the gaps with foam.
Two people should complete all door installation work. One will not be able to cope with powerful metal doors.
Door units weigh more than fifty kilograms and therefore it is dangerous to work alone! Installation of wood doors is the same way as the installation of an iron door.
Preferably use metal doors from trusted companies. Cloths have a high coefficient of heat transfer resistance, insulated with special materials. Outside, the two are covered with a waterproofing film, and from the inside - with a vapor barrier film.
Installation of the front door in the frame house - video