Cabbage - species, varieties, cultivation

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The modern style has been applied to the current selection of kale redbor fbor f1

  • Some types of this cabbage are extremely useful and very popular.

    Among them are the following types of kale:

    • Cale red;
    • Reflex f1;
    • Calais green;
    • Redbor f1 and others.

    Kale can be grown in different climates. It tolerates even extreme cold very well, down to -15 ° C.There are varieties of kale that perfectly tolerate hot weather. Therefore, in regions with different climatic conditions, different varieties of kale are popular.

    But despite the unpretentiousness of the climatic conditions, there is one necessary requirement that cabbage makes to the place of growth. This requirement is a fertile and well-drained soil with an average nitrogen content.

    Kale is not picky about the way of planting - you can use seedlings, and you can sow with seeds. In addition, if planted in early spring, the harvest can be collected in the summer. If you need to harvest in the autumn or closer to winter, it is better to plant cabbage in late spring.

    Kale has different heights, depending on the variety. Low grow no more than 30-40cm. High varieties reach an impressive 90cm in height. Also, different varieties differ in the type of leaves: flat, curly or with double edges.

    Features of kale red cabbage variety

    Kale red kale leaf is an annual vegetable plant. It has lace leaves with a violet color. The head of cabbage is absent in this variety. Some grow this cabbage for decorative purposes or as a fodder crop. It contains many useful elements and vitamins, which makes it an indispensable product for dietary nutrition. This contributes to its popularity among people who want to lead a healthy lifestyle. Among them are the following elements:

    • Vitamins K, C and A;
    • Antioxidants;
    • Calcium;
    • Magnesium trace elements.

    Kale red cabbage has an average ripening period. With it, cooks in restaurants decorate their dishes. Has a height of 60-80cm. Maintains frosts to -15 ° C.

    Cultivation methods for red kale

    This type of cabbage is usually grown using the seedling method, but the off-seed method is also quite common. Seeds are sown in early spring, if the weather permits. When using the seedling method, the landing should be done in late April or early May. The choice of beds and its preparation should begin in the fall. To do this, choose a plot of land illuminated by the sun with fertile soil. Before planting, you need to further fertilize this area with humus and complex fertilizers. Plants should be planted at a distance of 45 cm from each other with a distance of 45-55 cm between the rows. Moreover, cruciferous plants should not grow in this area.

    Read also: How to grow Ruben blackberry on your site?

    The seeds of red kale cabbage sprout well at temperatures from + 4 ° С to + 6 ° С.To improve the growth of this variety of cabbage, you can cover its holes with glass or other transparent material. After about 5 days, the first shoots appear. After this covering material must be removed and remove weak plants.


    To increase the yield, weed should be regularly removed, the soil should be fed and the seedlings should be watered in a timely manner. You can cut the leaves throughout the summer. If you save the planting in winter, in early spring you can get a new crop of cabbage. By the way, after suffering frost, the cabbage leaves become saturated purple. Taste also improves after frost - cabbage becomes juicier and sweeter.

    Read also: Rules for growing grapes in the middle lane for beginners

    Features of kale green cabbage

    For kale green cabbage is all the same as its red relative.

    The only difference is the color of the leaves - it always remains green, even after the endured winter.

    Features of the cultivation of kale redbor f1

    Kale redbor f1 is a hybrid variety and belongs to the curly varieties of ornamental cabbage. Like many ornamental types of cabbage, it is a biennial plant. Therefore, it begins to bear fruit only in the second year. In most Russian dacha plots they play an exclusively decorative role. But this is a use of territory in vain because in this type of cabbage raw protein, sugar, vitamin C and carotene is contained much more than in other types of cabbage. This cabbage variety is very tasty and does not require a large amount of fat for cooking.

    This hybrid has a very beautiful appearance. It reaches a height of 70-150cm. The leaves are maroon-colored and palm-shaped. The height of this plant depends on the season of its landing. If you want to get a tall plant, the seeds need to be sown at the end of March. Then after 30-40 days the cabbage bushes need to be transplanted to a permanent place of growth. This type of cabbage is not afraid of frost and feels great even if it is covered with snow. Having transferred the first frosts the leaves of this plant become softer and juicy.

    The appearance of the cabbage redbor f1 depends on the amount of sunlight affecting the plant. Of great importance is the soil moisture. This is especially true of the hot season. Before planting this variety of cabbage, it is necessary to fertilize well the land on which it is planned to plant red cabbage f1.

    Read also: Photo and description of potato varieties

    Cabbage leaf reflex f1

    Among professional gardeners cabbage leaf reflex f1 is very popular. This unusual plant can be used as an ornamental decoration of a garden, but most of all this variety of cabbage is valued for its beneficial dietary properties.

    It is not necessary to immediately cut off the entire head. To make a healthy salad, it is enough to pick a few leaves from the center of the outlet. Cabbage leaf reflex f1 has excellent taste. It does not taste bitter and is an excellent addition to meat and fish dishes. With regular use of this variety of cabbage for food, you can enrich your body with the following nutrients:

    • Calcium;
    • Nitrogenous compounds;
    • Sulfur salts;
    • Phosphorus;
    • Potassium;
    • Vitamins of group B, and also C, A P, K, U;
    • Carbohydrates;
    • Fiber:
    • Phytoncides.

    Cabbage leaf reflex f1 is an indispensable food component in the diet of every health food lover and people who want to lose a couple of kilograms. Its caloric content is only 24 kcal per 100 grams.

    This type of kale is a medium-long hybrid of dark green color. The plant is resistant to low temperatures. The minimum limit is -18 degrees. The socket is semi-vertical. Leaves - strongly corrugated. The height of the plant can reach 80 cm. The weight of the cabbage leaf reflex f1 300 - 1400 grams. When planting, you must comply with the optimal scheme 60 * 70 cm. In no case experts do not recommend cutting off the lower leaves of this wonderful plant, otherwise it will just die.

    Kale Kale

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