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For the first time, seedlings of the hybrid form of Veles became available to fans of this crop in 2009.Photo varieties and description of the grapes Veles, obtained by the famous Ukrainian breeder enthusiast V.V.Zagorulko, aroused serious interest from the growers of Ukraine, southern Russia and even Belarus.
Characteristics of grapes Veles and its description
New seedless grapes showed very early ripening periods, surpassing even the “parental” varieties Rusbol and Sofia. From the moment of budding until harvesting, only 95-100 days pass, while Sofia has this period of 110-125 days, and Rusbol matures in 115-125 days. Obviously, the more distant ancestor was able to influence the early ripening of Veles - the seedless grape variety Magaracha, which gives berries after 80–85 days from the time the buds burst.
Hybrid has a very high rate of growth of bushes, under favorable weather conditions, the shoots mature well.
The number of eyes per bush should not exceed 35. With this consideration, you need to form a grape bush, as in the video, while leaving 2-4 powerful bulky inflorescences on the shoots, consisting of small yellow-green bisexual flowers. This structure of the flower of a promising hybrid facilitates pollination and allows very large brushes to be tied, up to 30 cm long and about 20 cm wide. The clusters are voluminous, very branchy, of medium density or loose, have the shape of a wide cone.
According to the description and photo of Velez grapes, ripe grapes weigh from 600 to 2000 grams, although the winegrowers who have already managed to grow bushes on their plots and get the first crops show brushesabout 3 kg. The hybrid, attributable to the third class of seedlessness, has a high consumer appeal and taste.
As the berries ripen, they acquire a spectacular pink hue and reach a weight of 5 grams.
Dense, jelly, translucent pulp has a decent taste with a pronounced nutmeg shade. According to the experts, the taste of the new hybrid deserves higher marks than the berries of another famous variety - Radiant Kishmish. No wonder the novelty of selection in 2010, just at the tasting, was awarded two top awards at the Crimean competition "Golden bunch of grapes".
Berries are covered with an invisible grape peel of medium thickness. In 20% of the berries, seed rudiments that do not interfere with the taste perception are noted.
Features of the grape growing technology
If the grape growing technology provides for the processing of gibberellin brushes, the oval berries are enlarged and somewhat lengthened, while the number of completely seedless fruits increases dramatically. Already existing experience of growing grapes in the open field shows that high humidity can cause the development of gray rot cracking ripening berries.
Brushes with ripe berries are well stored and transported. Shoots tolerate the weight of clusters. In dry weather, brushes up to one and a half months can remain on the vine, fully preserving all taste and juiciness. According to the reviews of wine-growers, even a slight degree of heaving does not affect the bunch of grapes, but only enhances the nutmeg notes.
According to the photo of the variety and description of the grapes, Velez is prone to the formation of stepsons. In the southern regions of this growth receive an additional second crop, ripening in late September or in October. In the middle lane, where less time is left for ripening of shoots, stepchildren are best removed.
Reproduction and care for grapes Velez
For reproduction of grapes, they use harvested cuttings in autumn. Saplings can be either with their own root system or grafted. The survival rate of new plantings is high, fruiting in favorable conditions may begin in the second year, but for better development of the bush it is better to remove the resulting inflorescences. In the care of the hybrid form does not cause much trouble. Veles grapes has an average of 3.5 points resistant to downy mildew and oidium. When carrying out preventive treatments of this culture with means of protection, the risk of infection with these diseases becomes minimal.
The winter hardiness of the variety that withstands temperatures down to –21 ° C is insufficient to grow grapes in the open ground in the middle lane. In the southern regions, Velez winters well, and even if individual shoots are damaged by the cold, the bushes quickly recover during the season.
It is possible to improve the maturation of shoots and improve the quality of the crop with the help of spring pruning and normalization.
At the same time, 6–8 eyes are left on the vine for escaping, and under favorable climatic conditions on strong bushes the load is increased. As can be seen in the photo and from the description, Veles grapes are characterized by high yield. Shrubs annually form inflorescences and give a large number of ovaries. The first main harvest is removed in August, and when using stepchildren, the second wave of berries ripen in mid-autumn.
This characteristic feature of the culture suggests that the hybrid is suitable for cultivation in a variety of climatic zones, from central Russia to the Kuban and the Crimea. With the observance of the technology of growing grapes, Veles will regularly supply the grower with large, excellent quality berries.