In nature, pomegranate grows as a tree or shrub .The culture received its name from the Latin word “granatus”, which means fine-grained.
The fruits of such a plant are rather large in size, painted in a saturated red or burgundy color. Pomegranate pulp consists of many small grains.
In nature, pomegranate grows on the slopes of mountains or in the rocky terrain of , which explains the unpretentiousness of the plant to the climate and soil composition.
Also such an tree perfectly adapts to the microclimate .
Table of contents
- Description of the Dwarf Pomegranate
- Can I grow an ornamental plant at home?
- Rules for planting pomegranate tree
- Care for
- tree Diseases and pests
Description of the miniature grenade
The growth of the miniature garnet depends on the variety, the average is 1 meter. Pomegranate flowers deserve special attention.
On the same tree, 2 kinds of flowers are formed at once:
- on one flower there are both a pistil and stamens, ovaries are formed on them, and later fruits appear, their shape resembles water lilies;
- another look like bells, and the flowers are asexual and carry only a decorative function.
Flowers are painted in a bright, red shade and reach a diameter of 3 centimeters.
Scientists of pomegranate fruit are called “granatina”, they reach 18 centimeters in diameter. The peel of these fruits is very dense, its color varies from light pink to dark red.
. Up to 1,200 grains that are covered with a succulent, fleshy skin can be inside a single fruit. The taste of the pulp is sweet and sour, very juicy and refreshing, such fruits are very often used for making juice.
At home, a dwarf pomegranate is grown as an indoor flower, and the appearance of fruits is a pleasant addition.
Can I grow an ornamental plant at home?
Growing pomegranate at home is quite possible , among all fruit trees that are grown at home, the pomegranate is the most unpretentious.
It is very easy to care for such a plant and you can get juicy fruits without any special efforts.
Miniature Nana grenades are grown in room conditions. They begin to bloom after reaching a height of 40 centimeters, while bringing up to 10 edible fruits, which differ from garden trees only in size( 5-6 centimeters in diameter).
Usually, the following varieties of pomegranate are grown at home:
- Alba captivity - this variety does not bear fruit and is grown for large and beautiful flowers. They differ in terry structure and cream color, can reach up to 6 centimeters in diameter. The leaves of this variety are sinewy, dense, oval, slightly elongated, have a rich green color. Features of the variety is that it grows very quickly, but if desired, this process can be stopped by planting a plant in a small container.
- Carthage and Baby - the most common indoor varieties, trees grow to 50 centimeters in height, although there are instances with an increase of 1 meter. On these plants there are a large number of flowers, and fruits appear, starting from 2 years of life.
Even though several dozens of flowers may bloom at one time, on average, 3-4 ovaries are formed.
are grown in room conditions. Planting pomegranate trees
To grow a dwarf pomegranate, can be obtained from seeds purchased from the store. The best time for planting seeds is the beginning of April.
Drainage is poured at the bottom of the box or container, then clean river sand, into which pomegranate seeds are pushed into 5 milliliters. Then the soil is moistened and closed with a film or glass, it is necessary to achieve the greenhouse effect.
After the appearance of the first shoots, you need to wait another 2 weeks, because the shoots of the grenade appear gradually.
As soon as 5-6 healthy leaflets appear on the seedlings, it can be transplanted into separate pots, to the bottom of which drainage is poured out and soil mixture is prepared from:
- 2 parts of the soil for citrus crops;
- 1 part sand;
- 1 part of biohumus.
cuttings. Once the tree is in the pot, you need to pour it abundantly to help to root quickly.
In about a month, the first buds will appear on the cuttings, after which they can be transplanted into separate pots. Rooting will be much faster if you put a cutting in a growth stimulator for 6 hours before planting.
This method is less risky , because under such conditions all the varietal qualities of the mother tree are preserved.
for the tree to grow well and make you happy with your appearance, you need to ensure the necessary conditions.
|care In spring and summer|| The tree needs as much sunlight as possible and if the weather is warm outside, many housewives recommend bringing the plant to fresh air, a balcony or loggia is perfect for such purposes. Also during this period, watering the pomegranate should be regular and plentiful, in no case should the soil be allowed to dry out. During |
flowering and fruiting 1 time in 10-14 days, the tree is fed with complex mineral fertilizers. Fertilizer Etisso is used most often for pomegranate, it is sold in two forms, both for flowering plants and for green plants. It is worth remembering that during the fruiting pomegranate is watered very carefully, the soil must be moist, and an excess of moisture can cause cracking of the fruit. In addition to watering, pomegranate sprayed with warm water once every two weeks.
|In autumn and winter||With the onset of autumn, the tree can throw off the foliage and go into the resting phase.in order to create conditions close to natural for the tree, they reduce the amount of applied moisture by about 2-3 months and move the pot to a cool place. To prepare the plant for the winter, it is watered with a mullein extract prepared from 100 grams of manure and 1 liter of water.|
After the dormant phase stops, around mid-February, it is necessary to gradually increase the amount of watering and move the plant back to sunlight.
Another care item is the forming trim. Dwarf garnet perfectly responds to such a procedure and it can be given almost any form, the choice of which depends only on personal preferences.
Such terms are not chosen by chance, in order not to damage the tree, work is carried out while it is at rest and there is no active sap flow.
In addition to all procedures, , before reaching the age of 5 years, is transplanted annually, gradually increasing the size of the pot from 100 to 500 milliliters, and it is advisable to choose a narrow form of container.
For adult plants, instead of transplanting, they replace the top layer of soil.
How to grow indoor pomegranate:
Diseases and pests
Indoor pomegranate, like any other plants, is subject to the appearance of various diseases and pests , which must be disposed of as soon as possible.
Most often, the following diseases are found on such a plant:
|disease Description||Ways to combat|
|Mealy dew||A whitish coating is formed on the leaves of the affected plant, on which dark brown balls are located. Powdery mildew is a causative agent of harmful fungi. Usually, the disease occurs due to poor ventilation, temperature changes or humidity levels in the room. Airborne infection from other plants is also possible.||At the initial stages, a solution prepared from 5 grams of soda ash and 1 liter of water helps well; you can also add 5-10 grams of soap. If the powdery mildew is sufficiently running, then it will be necessary to treat with chemicals, for example, fast, topaz or homa.|
|. Cancer of the branches.||. The bark on the branches is cracking and spongy swellings can be seen on the edges of the chips. The cause of this disease may be mechanical damage or frostbite.||It is very difficult to get rid of this disease; the only way out is to trim the damaged branches with a sharp garden knife, to clean the wound with a disinfectant and apply a thin layer of garden warrior.|
|Spots on leaves||Spots appear on the leaves, the color of which varies from yellow to brown. Such damage indicates excessive soil moisture.||The plant needs to be transplanted into a new soil, if rotting has spread to the roots, then the affected parts are removed, and the cut is treated with crushed coal.|
|Whitefly and aphid||Pests feed on foliage of the tree, which in turn weakens it.|| If insects are few, they can be removed manually. Adult butterflies are cleaned with a conventional vacuum cleaner, and the larvae and aphids can be disposed of by treating the leaves with a solution of soap. You can also use special preparations |
fitoverm, spark, karbofos, etc. Before each treatment, the soil is protected with a polyethylene film.
Pomegranate tree is considered one of the most unusual ornamental plants of , but at the same time caring for them is quite simple.
In addition to the expected fruits, it has a beautiful appearance and aroma.