How to repair heaters of different types
Heaters have firmly entered the life of modern man, so the questions related to their installation, operation and repair, are of great concern to many. Today, repairing the oil heater by one's own hands and restoring the efficiency of other types of these devices is a very common phenomenon. This is due to the low quality of equipment offered in the current market, violation of the rules of operation and a number of other factors. In general, fixing a faulty heater is fairly straightforward. The main thing is to be good at the types of heaters, to know their characteristics and to have the skills to work with a certain tool.
- 1Types of heaters
- 2Oil Heater Repair
- 3Repair of ceramic heater
- 4Infrared heater repair
Types of heaters
The variety of modern heaters can even amaze a specialist in this field. However, the most popular are:
Classics of heaters are considered oil models. The sections of these devices are characterized by a ribbed construction. Outwardly, they are very similar to central heating radiators. In addition, they have a similar principle of action. Oil is supplied to the heater through the pipe, which transfers the heat to the sections. Then the oil gets back to the TEN.
Often, the control panel of such a device includes only three keys. The first two are responsible for the inclusion of a separate heater, the third (the wheel) serves as a temperature regulator. These heaters differ in power, which makes it possible to expand the adjustment possibilities.
The main advantages of an oil heater are:
- warming up the air by convection;
- high mechanical strength;
- impeccable ecological cleanliness;
- democratic value.
The work of the next type - ceramic heaters, is based on the principle of forced convection. The main feature of these devices is the material of the heating element, which is made of ceramic. Ceramic heater is a set of tiny particles through which air flows. Its main elements are the heating element itself, the fan, the louver motor, the control unit (electronic) and the control panel.
The main advantage of ceramic elements lies in a very large heat exchange area. Also, it should be noted almost unlimited lifetime, the ability to conserve oxygen in the room and high security. Some models have the ability to ionize air.
The last word on the market of heaters are infrared models. This species is constantly gaining popularity, gradually replacing the above species. Due to their excellent performance, infrared counterparts are successfully used for additional heating of houses, apartments, offices, etc. They are versatile, do not make the air in the room dry..
The main component of this equipment is a quartz infrared tube. It is able to heat the surrounding objects, which then "throw" heat into the room. In fact, all objects become sources of heat. The required temperature level is maintained by means of a thermostat. When the temperature is reached, the device turns on or off.
Oil Heater Repair
To repair the oil heater with your own hands, it is necessary to correctly determine the cause of the problem. Often when using an oil heater, there are problems with the electrician. This includes the defects of the cores, the breakdown of the contacts in the plug, the poor quality of the connection of the cores with the terminals. In this case, the device is often not included at all. Carefully inspect the cord and plugs. If these have not been identified, you need to remove the nuts with which the panel is fastened. The cable is then checked by an ohmmeter. When identifying the deposit, it must be removed.
If there is a shortage of the regulator contacts, you need to disassemble the panel. Next, you need to lift the anchor, check the contacts. The latter should be sanded with sandpaper, then wipe with alcohol.
The next type of failure may be damage to the bimetallic plate. To repair the heater, you need to disassemble the thermostat and turn the handle to minimum warm-up mode. Then the plate is dismantled and a new one is installed.
When leakage occurs in the heater, the most likely problem is the integrity of the enclosure. In this case, first of all, the exact location of the damage is determined. Here the repair of oil heaters is reduced to identifying a damaged location. In the future, this place is sealed and sealed. In addition, it is necessary to replenish the oil volume of the device.
Repair of ceramic heater
The most common malfunction of ceramic models is the failure of the fan heater, when it is not corny included. Here the reasons can be different. Immediately check the integrity of the fuse, its contacts, as well as the resistance of the winding transformer. With the normal operation of these elements, the voltage of the stabilizer is subject to verification.
At times, ceramic devices cease to "obey" the control panel. Most likely, the quartz resonator has broken off. In this case, repairs are reduced to replacing this part.
If the heater fan does not work, it can be repaired as follows: with an easy rotation of the impeller "By hand the electrical part of the drive is checked, namely the capacity of the capacitor and the integrity of the motor winding fan. Further, the parts in the motor control circuit and the reliability of the soldering of the terminals are analyzed.
There are models where there are special blinds. If they stop working, you need to inspect the mechanism of the shutter drive and check the contacts on the control and display board.
Infrared heater repair
For the most part, the repair of infrared models is a substitute for one main component, which in this device is only two: heating elements (can be one) and a thermostat. Often in both cases, this kind of repair can be carried out independently, provided that if it turns out to find the corresponding component. If you have problems with the selection and purchase of components, it is best to contact a specialized workshop.
Of course, there may be other, smaller breakdowns, which are connected with the connection of the device to the mains. These faults are also eliminated by hand by cleaning the contacts or replacing the plug. The remaining parts of the infrared heater design almost never fail and work throughout the operational life of the device..