Various types of fungi often appear on tree trunks and stumps. Their live or dead wood becomes a nutrient substrate for representatives of various fungal species.
Some fungi are parasites. They live at the expense of the tree - the donor, gradually expanding destroy the living tissue .Others, settling on dead wood, benefit nature: they process biological material, serve as food for birds and animals, and heal people.
Table of Contents
- Which mushrooms grow on trees?
- Blackberry coral and its features
- How does
- look Where and how does
- grow when
- matures Similar species
- Healing properties of blackberry coral
- How do they eat a mushroom?
Which mushrooms grow on trees?
Microscopic and cap representatives of the biological kingdom of fungi settle on living and dead trunks and deadwood.
Overgrowths, molds, basal formations on the trunk or branches of the tree indicate that
The appearance of fungi on garden trees suggests poor gardening plant care. In such cases, measures must be taken to save the fruit plantations.
Wood mushrooms that live in forests, of course, destroy trees. But many of them are edible, good for human and animal health, and can be used for household needs.
The most famous of tree fungi, affecting the garden :
- tinderbirds and their predecessors - blue-green algae on the north-western side of the trunk, the cause - thickening, poor light;
- false tinder , "lives" on fruit trees, manifested by white heart rot;signs of damage to the stone rocks - dark streaks, dark gray and brown growths on the trunks;
- heartwood brown rot Cherry, pear, and other fruit causes a tinder sulfur-yellow.
Some tinder are edible in the stage of milk maturity, but require preliminary heat treatment.
In addition to them, polyporous cellular and winter winter, and include:
- oyster mushrooms;
- plums deer;
- row yellow-red;
- Volvariella silky;
- winter mushroom.
Ezhevik coral-like and its features
Among conditionally edible mushrooms growing on fallen trunks, fallen trees or stumps, blackberries( in some sources - ezhovik) coral-shaped stands out for an extraordinary fabulous view. This species belongs to macromycetes, that is, to mushrooms with a large and well-developed aerial part of .It is also called Neofits, blackberry latticework, hericia coral and coral fungus.
looks like The mushroom from the family of germicia is called due to the structure of the fruit body. Branched, irregularly shaped, with many short ( 10-20mm) cylindrical "tentacles", it really is very similar to the bush of sea coral. Brittle spines hanging from the main “branches” do not grow longer than 2 cm. Spores form on them. The coral blackberry is attached to the tree substrate with a short leg.
Milky or snow white, soft cream or with a faint yellowish tinge, openwork spreading mushroom is far visible in a darkened gloomy deciduous forest. Ripening, gericum becomes darker, becomes sandy-beige or brown .With increasing humidity acquires transparency.
On the cut, the flesh of the fungus is fleshy, very light, white or with a pale pink tinge. Smell - pleasant, mushroom, slightly sharp. In the late maturity stage - dark and tough. The dried up coral turns brown.
Adult copies - champions reach the height and width of the 40 cm .The average value is 30, and in the Siberian forests - 15-25 cm in diameter.
Where and how does
grow; It occurs relatively infrequently, but the distribution range includes all Russian forests of the temperate climate zone, the Far East and Siberia .Has long mastered the territory of China, Japan, Kazakhstan, Transcaucasia, Europe and North America.
Growing alone and in groups in deciduous forests. Farther to the north, it chooses fallen trunks and deadwood of aspen and birch, to the south - linden, beech, oak, elm. In mixed and coniferous forests are rarely found. Settles on fallen trees, stumps and fallen trees in the old hollows of .
There are legends that in the Middle Ages, coral fungus was not a rarity at all. But its unusual appearance frightened the mushroom pickers, neofits called the devil's washcloth and considered poisonous.
ripens, Ezhevik, like other mushrooms, is a perennial organism. But its fruit body( “hat”) lives one season - from the second half of July to the beginning of October .At this time, the white "coral" and find mushroom pickers.
Light branched "bushes" are unique, they are not confused with any other representative of the kingdom of mushrooms.
Other species are known with the name blackberries:
- black blackberries( aka hawk, chicken, kolchak, scaly and tricotto blackberries);
- blackberries yellow ( aka notched);
- blackberry comb ( synonyms - grandfather or mushroom beard);
- Blackberry Alpine ( or Alpine).
The appearance is most similar to alpine hercium, and in comb properties.
Fir wood, spruce wood and, less often, pine trees serve as a substrate for the blackberry of the Alpine. This type of gericia is found in mountain forests, very rarely - on the plains of .Sporiferous spikes are located in bunches at the tips of overgrown branches.
The healing properties of blackberry coral
The medicinal benefits of this type of germicia are appreciated. Most of them are due to the presence in the composition of phosphorus, calcium, iron, vegetable proteins, polysaccharides and vitamins.
Pharmacologists from Germany and China have advanced more strongly in the study and application of the healing properties of pharmaceuticals.
Medicinal mushroom is used in the treatment and prevention of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and the entire digestive system .Polysaccharides protect the ulcerated gastric mucosa from gastric acid, stimulate its healing. Stimulate blood flow to the digestive tract and peristalsis. It is a means of preventing oncological processes in the organs of the digestive and excretory systems. The fatty acids contained in the fungus, phenols and five polysaccharides with antitumor activity directly affect cancer cells, the effect is comparable to chemotherapy.
Proven healing effect of blackberries on both malignant and benign growths. It blocks the development of breast, lung, esophagus, liver, stomach , is effective in treating pancreatic oncology. It is indicated for varieties of prostate adenoma, cysts, fibromas, pituitary adenomas, myomas. During clinical observations, the tumors resolved or significantly decreased in size. In a comprehensive anticancer therapy reduces the negative effects of treatment.
Improves the functioning of the respiratory organs - bronchi and lungs. Ezhevik has a beneficial effect on the activation of blood formation .The positive effect of fungi drugs on the nervous system has been proven, in particular for the treatment and prevention of Alzheimer's disease.
Extracts are used in the fight against diseases of bacterial, fungal and viral and nature.
In folk medicine, tinctures and decoctions are used as anti-depressants .Used for insomnia and neurasthenia. It is useful for curing impotence, improving metabolic processes and slowing the aging of the body.
How to eat a mushroom?
Interesting unique properties of blackberry coral are used in cooking. Gourmets appreciate the rare mushroom for the good culinary qualities of , an interesting type of ready-made dish and scientific properties confirmed by useful properties.
Coral-like gericide is considered conditionally edible : young specimens are used in cooking after mandatory pre-treatment. As they mature, these mushrooms begin to taste bitter.
Despite the fact that the species is red-book, in many regions mushroom pickers find it often, harvested, and share cooking recipes and taste sensations. In the national cuisines of other countries, blackberry dishes are also popular with connoisseurs.
Ezhevik stew, fry, boil, cook in batter, add to fillings. For the future harvest by drying, salting or pickling. Dried use whole or fray in powder.
Ezhevik gives the dishes a delicate flavor. The taste is bright, according to other information - gentle and very pleasant, with a nutty hue. In boiled form to taste and structure resembles the taste of shrimp or squid.
Gourmets are divided into the ways of preparing the coral fungus :
- germ fried with spices in butter, add various spices and vegetable side dishes;
- cooked soup, as well as from other mushrooms;
- stir fry in a large amount of vegetable oil;
- is added to salads, like other mushrooms.
Ezhevik coral - a beautiful creation of nature. Mushroom has good taste and high healing properties of .In recent decades, the growing areola has expanded, as has the frequency of blackberry detection. At the same time in Russia the view is under the protection of the state. The task of connoisseurs is to preserve the unique coral mushroom for future generations.