Proper fit and care for zucchini handsome black

"Without work and without charging, I put my heavy side on our garden bed - a strong, ripe zucchini." Zucchini is the versatile vegetable of the , very popular among people for its unpretentiousness, yield, and the ability to replace cucumbers in conservation in lean years “cucumber”.With the onset of fruiting and throughout the summer season they find their use in the family menu. And if you choose the right variety, you can indulge yourself with squash dishes at least until the New Year. One such breed is the black handsome .

  • Convocationand the characteristic of the zucchini zucchini Black handsome

    Black handsome, like all zucchini, belongs to the pumpkin family. Zucchini-zucchini Black Handsome has a compact bush, carved leaves on long petioles are decorated with white spotted divorces.

    Many gardeners mistakenly take this white spot for a fungal disease - powdery mildew, and this is just a varietal feature of zucchini.

    A variety of zucchini of early ripening .Enters fructification for 45-55 day from the moment of emergence of shoots.

    Fruits are smooth in size up to 25 cm and weighing up to 1 kg of dark green, almost black color, hence the name of the variety. At the same time on the bush can be formed up to 5 fruits.

    The peel of the fruit is thin and not hard, the flesh is white with green, tender , but dense and juicy. Young greens with a very delicate and delicate flavor without cooking can be used in salads instead of cucumbers.

    Zucchini Black Handsome - variety of foreign selection, adapted to the conditions of cultivation throughout Russia and neighboring countries.

    Early ripening variety, fruits are dark green in color, with thin skin

    Advantages and disadvantages

    Black Handsome lacks , and advantages are:

    • early ripening;
    • excellent taste( thin skin and tender, juicy, dense flesh), excellent appearance;
    • compactness of the bush and high yields make it possible to receive up to 20 kg of fruits from 1 square meter, and up to 10 kg from one bush;
    • long fruiting period;
    • good transportability and keeping quality;
    • versatility of use.

    Seed preparation for planting

    Seed preparation for planting consists in:

    1. The germination test of seed quality consists in the selection of full-bodied seeds by sight and touch.
    2. Disinfecting seeds in a pink solution of potassium permanganate for 20 minutes, after which the seeds are washed in clean water.
    3. Pre-soak the seeds in a growth promoter or potassium humate for quick and consistent seed germination.
    4. The final stage of seed preparation is to place them in a wet wipe until the seeds are open. This will take 2-5 days.
    The hatching seeds are sown only in a well-warmed earth, they will not germinate in cold soil becausejust rot. Only dry seeds can be planted in cold soil.
    Before planting, the seeds are placed in a damp napkin until they hatch.

    Soil preparation

    Grow zucchini in well-lit areas with loose fertile soil.

    The site selected for planting has been well-filled with organic matter( manure, chicken droppings or humus) since autumn and dug over.

    It is advisable to grow zucchini in biodegradable plants or so-called “warm” beds. They form them, putting on the ground any organic residues: fallen leaves, straw, sawdust, tops from tomatoes, cucumbers, beets, food waste. Lightly trampled down, a layer of earth is poured on top.

    It is possible to make such beds in the spring of , but then it is necessary to dig up small trenches, approximately on a bayonet of shovels and all the organic matter to be folded into them.

    In the ground poured over organic matter, wells are made into which they add humus, wood ash, are well spilled with hot water, and seeds or seedlings are planted.

    In such beds, the thermophilic zucchini is warm and cozy from the warmth and carbon dioxide coming from the depth of the beds from the decaying organics. Squashes grow and bear fruit like yeast.

    plants planted on compost heaps also feel comfortable.

    It is advisable to grow zucchini on warm beds or compost heaps

    How to plant

    You can grow zucchini directly by sowing them in the ground or through seedlings. It all depends on the region of cultivation and the timing of the desired receipt of the first product.

    If you need early production, it is preferable to grow zucchini through seedlings. When sowing seeds immediately in the ground, the harvest will be later, but less trouble.

    And you can grow seedlings, plant under cover materials in April and get the first harvest of green men in May.

    When the earth warms up and there is no threat of return frost, you can also plant the seeds immediately in the ground. Thus, the conveyor zucchini products you provided for the entire season until the frost.

    Experienced vegetable growers believe that the , when sowing seeds immediately in the ground, harvested squashes are better and more stable .

    With a seedling method of growing zucchini, seeds for seedlings are sown for planting in open ground in March for growing in greenhouses and greenhouses in February.

    Plant 2 seeds in at least 10–15 cm planting tanks, of the grown plants subsequently leave the strongest.

    It is better to fill the container with ½ soil in order to ensure that if the plants are strongly elongated, the stem can be gently twisted in a pot and covered with the seed leaves.

    With a seedling method of growing zucchini, seeds for seedlings are sown in March or February.

    With the advent of the second true leaflet, seedlings are ready for planting in greenhouses, greenhouses, or, if the weather permits, in open ground.

    In the absence of greenhouses and greenhouses, seedlings for the first time, for better survival, can be covered with agrofibre or simply cut large plastic bottles.

    When sowing seeds in open ground , it is necessary to take into account that the plant is thermophilic and is planted at a soil temperature of + 10 ÷ + 15 ° C.The wells are poured with water, the seeds are put "on the flank."Depth of seeding is 3-4 cm.

    Squashes can be grown in a tape or nesting way. When planting with tapes, wells are made after 0.5 m, one plant is placed in each well.

    Plants grow, so if several rows are planted, the distance between rows is left at least 1 m.

    With the nesting method, several plants are placed in the nest, therefore the holes are made after 1 m. Further care of the plants consists in watering, dressing and loosening.

    Watering

    They should be regular as the soil dries under the plants. is poured under the bush with at least 5 liters of water for one irrigation of .

    With the onset of fruiting, the frequency of watering is increased, and the volume of water for each plant must be at least 10 liters.

    Water for irrigation uses warm to avoid rotting of the ovaries and fruits. Excess moisture is also harmful to zucchini, it can lead to rotting of the roots and the development of fruit rot.

    Top dressing

    They should be no less than 3. The first is carried out before bloom with a solution of nitroammophosphate 20-30 grams.10 liters of water or infusion of mullein or bird droppings.

    During the flowering period of , potash phosphate fertilizers are applied( potassium nitrate, superphosphate 50 g per 10 liters of water).You can feed with potassium humate.

    The third is performed during the period of formation of the ovary with organic fertilizer with wood ash extract.

    In the future, zucchini constantly bloom and bear fruit; plants spend a lot of energy on these processes. To maintain the viability of the plant every two to three weeks throughout the growing season, it is desirable to make organic fertilizers.

    Fertilizing is carried out three times per season: before flowering, during it and during the formation of ovariesbarren flowers - flowers without ovaries.

    Squashes - plants with a shallow root system, therefore loosening should be done very carefully with to avoid damage to the roots.

    Diseases and their prevention

    Black handsome zucchini variety resistant to major diseases of the pumpkin family( powdery mildew, anthracnose, and peronosporia ).

    But for the purposes of prophylaxis, it is necessary to adhere to a number of rules for growing plants:

    1. Observe crop rotation and not plant plants every year in the same place. Return to the original place zucchini need no earlier than 3 years.
    2. Watering should be moderate, as excessive soil moisture and high humidity under the plants is a fertile environment for the development of microbes and infections.
    3. In order to prevent fungal and bacterial diseases, it is necessary to perform pre-plant seed disinfection.
    4. Comply with the recommended planting schemes, avoiding their thickening.
    5. At the first signs of disease, remove the affected parts of plants or the bushes, carrying them off the site and burn them.
    6. Treat plants with chemicals intended for the treatment of this disease at the first symptoms of the disease.
    White leaf spot is a varietal feature of the handsome black, and in no way a disease.
    Anthracnose on the leaves of zucchini

    Harvesting and storage rules

    Gather the zucchini regularly when fruits reach 15-20 cm, every 2-3 days, excluding their over-ripening. This will stimulate the development of new ovaries and fruits.

    For long-term storage, select fruits harvested before frost weighing at least 1 kg.

    The basic rules for storage of zucchini allowing to preserve the crop until spring:

    • when harvesting fruits, leave the stem at least 5-10 cm long;
    • ground with fruits removed with a dry cloth, you can not wash squash;
    • stored zucchini should be in open form, storage in plastic bags is strictly contraindicated( condensate formed during storage, leads to rotting of the fruit);
    • vegetables should be stored in a dry, cool, dark place( basement, cellar, storage room), storage temperature + 4 ÷ + 10 ° C;
    • at room temperature zucchini shelf life 1-1.5 months.
    Gather zucchini regularly when fruits reach 15-20 cm, every 2-3 days.

    No gardener will deny himself the pleasure to grow zucchini in his area.

    When choosing a variety, stop your eyes on the zucchini zucchini Black Handsome , and he will not only please you, but also surprise you with his yield, taste and external beauty.

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