9 popular types and varieties of cabbage


Red-capped, Pure Purple Vitamin

It should be justly called violet. Externally, the red look is similar to the white one, but the leaves have a reddish-purple color, the structure is more dense. The composition also exceeds the content of valuable minerals and vitamins, their quantity. Leaves from the head can be plucked in June for making salads. Vegetable is used in marinated form and stew, as an independent product, and in combination with other ingredients.
The vegetation period of the red-eyed species lasts from 150 days, the average weight of the head is 1-3.5 kg. Among the main advantages:

  • cold resistance( young shoots endure frosts to minus 5 ° С);
  • root system is well developed;
  • is composed of anthocyanin, a positive effect on human health( increases the elasticity of the capillaries, regulates their permeability).

The only disadvantage of this type is the impossibility of using it for pickling.


Cabbage of all colors of the rainbow

Justifies the name: fruits come in all colors of the rainbow. A popular vegetable on the site of many gardeners and no less well-known product among the cooks. Vitamin bomb is eaten as an independent ingredient, and in combination with other components. The process of growing does not contain complex procedures and does not require much attention. It is only necessary to observe the elementary rules of agricultural engineering.
Annual plant forms dense inflorescences weighing from 350 to 1500 kg. Soil fertility and growing conditions affect the taste of the fruit. Harvesting is done 90-105 days after the emergence of sprouts( early ripening varieties).

A huge number of advantages confronts the weak resistance of the vegetable to various diseases and pests.

Broccoli, characteristic of

Broccoli, a source of vitamins

Vegetable is similar to cauliflower, but the inflorescences have a rich green color. The richest composition of proteins and vitamins raised this species to the category of popular cultures. Cabbage delicacy, which slows the aging of , tries to cultivate many gardeners in their plots. This is facilitated by unpretentious agricultural technology and cold resistance of cabbage, it does not lose its qualities during frosts down to minus 7 ° С.Unlike other species, the culture is undemanding to soil fertility, but this does not mean that the plants do not need fertilizer, some additional feeding is still needed. Regular watering is also necessary, especially when the heads are aging.
The advantages of growing broccoli:

  • usefulness and nutritional value of the product;
  • the ability to diversify the menu;
  • simplicity in the care of cultivation;
  • vegetable undergoes various types of processing( stewing, salting, etc.).

The lack of features of agricultural technology deprives the vegetable deficiencies.


Savoy cabbage, resistant to drought

The ideal vegetable for growing in the middle lane. Savoy cabbage is drought tolerant, it is not interesting for pests. The structure of the vegetable is similar to the albumen species, however, the leaves are more tender and airy. They are easy to disassemble for the preparation of various dishes, it is only necessary to pour boiling water over it. The composition contains a large amount of valuable minerals and vitamins, exceeding in quantity other types.
The vegetative period of early varieties lasts 105-120 days, hence the low yield. The taste of the vegetable is very delicate due to the small amount of mustard oil in the composition and the absence of coarse fibers. Suitable for fresh consumption, stew. Feature of the form is cold resistance, with short frosts preserves the commodity and taste.
Minus is considered a small shelf life.

Savoy cabbage is not suitable for pickling. Cultivars of this species do not differ in yield compared to white stalks.


Health Grade

The chemical composition of kohlrabi is comparable to citrus crops, so the vegetable is very popular among culinary specialists. Gardeners are less willing to use the culture for growing on their plots. And in vain, because the fruits have a positive effect on the cardiovascular system, stabilize blood pressure, clean the intestines from toxins.
The maturation period of early varieties is 65-80 days. Stebleplod reaches a mass of 220 grams, some species curtain over 2 kg. A short growing season allows you to shoot several harvests per season. It is possible to cultivate a vegetable in an open ground and in hotbeds. Plant care is generally similar to other types of cabbage. The harvest is stored for a long time without any loss of valuable properties.

Brussels, small coaches

Brussels sprouts, a delicacy

The rarest type of cabbage on our beds. The composition contains a whole storehouse of vitamins and microelements that exceed the number of protein varieties. A feature of the vegetable is the presence of mustard oil, which is typical for radish. This component gives a nutty flavor to the product.
The main advantage of culture cultivation is the unpretentiousness of plants to the climate of the middle zone. The main disadvantage is the long growing season .When planting seeds in April, the harvest will be obtained only at the end of the warm season( the ripening period is about 150 days).To speed up the process it is recommended to grow vegetables through seedlings.

Beijing, not afraid of frost

In Russian vegetable production, cultivation of Peking cabbage is only gaining momentum. The vegetable has gained popularity due to its rich vitamin composition, interesting taste and high yield( 900 centners are removed from 1 hectare).The plant grows in conditions of low temperatures, which is typical for the climate of the middle zone. The growing season lasts only 50-70 days, which gives the the opportunity to receive for the season 2-3 harvests of .It is possible to grow crops both in open ground and in greenhouses all year round.
Advantages of cabbage:

  • rich in nutrients;
  • young shoots withstand short-term frosts down to minus 7 ° C;
  • high productivity.

The culture and minuses are not without:

  • yield depends on the fertility of the soil;
  • is not fully understood agricultural techniques;
  • vegetable attracts the attention of pests, vulnerable to disease.
Peking cabbage, variety Glass
You can sow the seeds for seedlings directly into the open ground. Planting is carried out in April-May.

Sea, from the bottom of the sea

The product, unique in its qualities and effects on the human body. The complex biochemical composition is distinguished by the content primarily of iodine, an essential substance for the thyroid gland. In addition, laminaria is rich in vitamins of group B, C, folic acid, amino acids, pantothenic acid and other microelements. In essence, is an alga that grows on the seafloor .With any type of processing( pickling, drying) cabbage retains valuable properties. It can cause harm to health only if a person has a hypersensitivity to iodine.

Chinese, a source of longevity

In composition, Chinese cabbage is very similar to white cabbage, but it differs significantly in its external features. The leaf formation of the vegetable without the head of the ovary is more like the leaves of lettuce, but with a more saturated green color. Of particular value is lysine, an amino acid that cleanses the body of toxins and other harmful substances.

Bok Choi Chinese cabbage, strengthens the immune systemAmong the indisputable advantages:
  • harvest in June, which is useful for filling the vitamin deficiency in the body;
  • gentle leaf structure, can be used for baby food;
  • simple rules agrotehniki.

Only one minus is the large size of the stalk, which occupies almost half of the vegetable. But you can use it for cooking.

You can eat fresh leaves, pickled, stewed and dried. After the onset of cold weather, the pots with the crop can be placed inside the room and harvest until December.
Assortment of cabbage in the beds will provide an opportunity to enrich the body with useful microelements, strengthen the immune system and diversify the menu with delicious dishes.

When choosing seeds or cabbage seedlings for growing on their land, many gardeners prefer the white variety. Such a restriction is most likely due to the disappointment that was experienced during the unsuccessful cultivation of other species.


  • Varieties, which is cabbage
  • of red, crystal violet vitamin
  • Cauliflower
  • Broccoli, characteristic
  • Savoy
  • Kohlrabi, health grade
  • Brussels, small kochanchiki
  • Beijing, frost is not afraid
  • Sea, from the bottom of the sea
  • Chinese, longevity source

Species, what cabbage is

Of course, each type of culture is endowed with its own advantages and peculiarities of agricultural technology. Although the composition has slight differences, each variety is rich in with useful minerals and vitamins, regardless of size and ripening period. On one bed you can grow cauliflower, broccoli and, for example, kohlrabi, thereby diversifying the menu, winter preparations.
In the red, the largest amount of vitamin C and carotene, and cauliflower is famous for its dietary qualities and excellent delicate flavor. Especially useful to eat vegetables, which increase the body's resistance to radiation and adverse environmental background. Such doctors include broccoli with small coaches, previously considered exotic. Modern gardeners successfully grow quite unpretentious vegetables in their garden beds, collecting generous yields from them.

The article describes the brief characteristics of only a small part of the existing types of cabbage. Before making an assortment for beds, it is recommended that you read the brief description and methods of use.
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