One of the most common problems in the poultry industry is the disease of the invasive nature of , which is caused by parasites that enter the body through contaminated litter or feed. Without appropriate treatment, they are capable of causing very great economic damage, both to private farms and farms. One of the means to combat this disease is metronidazole, with instructions for use of which can be found below.
For which diseases metronidazole is used
Metronidazole is an antiparasitic drug withpronounced antibacterial action. It is effective against most protozoa and anaerobic microorganisms. In poultry farming, it is widely used for the treatment and prevention of such common diseases such as :
After receiving , the products have been a part of the products I have a group of products I have a part of the products I have a part of the products I have a group of products I have a part of the products I have a part of the products I have a part of the products I have been using. Metronidazole has the ability to penetrate from the circulatory system into the nervous system and accumulate in the liver. From the body excreted within 2 days with urine and feces.
How to use an antibiotic for different types of poultry, instruction
When growing broiler chickens, this antibiotic can be used both for prevention and for for the treatment of coccidiosis or histomoniasis .These diseases affect the digestive system of the young in the first days of life and cause focal inflammation, which, without appropriate treatment, will lead to complete damage to the liver. As a result, the cost of feeding increases or there comes a partial or complete loss of livestock.
Symptoms of coccidiosis:
- greatly decreases the appetite of .
- Youngsters very drinks a lot of .
- Chickens are low-active , knit in heaps.
- The bird tries to locate as close as possible to heat sources.
- The chickens are sitting with their chicks and disheveled plumage of .
- There is diarrhea with blood .
- Sometimes can be observed complete or partial paralysis of .
Prophylactic treatments for young broilers are carried out every 2 weeks up to the age of 1.5 months. The drug is laid in the feed in a dose of 20-25 mg per kg body weight of the bird for 5 days. Adding powder to water is not advisable and ineffective, since it practically does not dissolve in it and settles at the bottom of the drinkers.
When growing turkeys, metronidazole is used as a preventive and therapeutic agent for treating such a dangerous disease as histomonas. This young age is subject to this disease, starting at 2 weeks of age. After infection, the birds begin to develop inflammation in the liver and cecum, which progress without appropriate treatment and further lead to severe exhaustion and death.
. The main symptoms of histomoniasis:
- Appetite reduced , and in severe cases may be completely absent.
- The bird is in a depressed state, is not very mobile .
- The wings are deflated , and the plumage is dirty and disheveled.
- There is foamy diarrhea bright yellow.
- Sometimes there is blue skin on the head, , for which the disease has received the second name “black head”.
The preparation can be given to poults, both for the purpose of prophylaxis and directly for treatment. The dosage in these cases will vary. For the prevention of , powder from metronidazole tablets is added to feed at the rate of 20 mg per kg of live weight of poultry for 3-5 days. The therapeutic dose of for turkeys will be more and will be 25 mg per kg of weight, it will be necessary to give it within a week.
When growing goslings, metronidazole is used both as a prophylactic and directly for the treatment of diseases. For example, such as, trichomoniasis or gistomonoz. For these diseases, is characterized by severe damage to the digestive and respiratory systems of the , which ultimately lead to death from exhaustion or asphyxiation.
The main symptoms of trichomonase:
- In a sick bird in the throat, you can see with a yellowish .
- Increased temperature .
- Goslings refuse to eat , the general condition is depressed.
- There is diarrhea yellowish gray with a fetid odor.
- Goiter is increasing.
- is observed with difficulty breathing , accompanied by discharge from the nose and eyes.
The disease can last up to 2 weeks. The death of goslings can from it can reach 90%. For the treatment of sick poultry , the drug is added to feed at the rate of 25 mg per kg of body weight over 10 days.
Metronidazole can also be used to treat pigeons, quails or guinea fowls. The dosage of the drug in this case will be 20 mg per kg of weight.
How to give for the treatment of adult birds: ducks, geese and turkeys
In the process of raising birds, it is often necessary to treat adult livestock. This is especially necessary for waterfowl species, such as geese or ducks, for example. Also very often metronidazole is used to treat adult turkeys.
The dose of the drug for the treatment of is 1.5 grams of active ingredient per kilogram of feed. Giving it is necessary for 10 days.
Such treatment, carried out for the purpose of prophylaxis or treatment, further makes it possible to obtain strong and healthy offspring from the breeding stock.
Side Effects of
Only hypersensitivity to the active substance can be a contraindication to taking the drug , which is extremely rare.
The pharmacological properties of
Metronidazole has a detrimental effect on most protozoa: trichomonads, histomonads, amoebas and a number of others. It is also effective against common anaerobic bacteria. After ingestion, it enters the digestive system, from where it spreads very quickly to all tissues of the organs. He also has the ability to accumulate in the liver.
Release form, dosage
Metronidazole is produced in the form of tablets with a mass of 0.5 gram. The content of the active substance in them can be 0.25 or 0.125 g. Tablets can be packed in plastic cans or cardboard boxes of 250 or 1000 pieces.
Metronidazole is a drug, so it is advisable to consult a veterinarian before using it. He will be able to accurately diagnose , find the right dose of the drug and determine the duration of treatment.