There are several ways of breeding poultry. You can put suitable fertilized eggs under the hen, you can buy chicks that were bred through an incubator. Regardless of the breeding method, each farmer strives to maximize the conservation of the poultry population.
In addition to good care and the right choice of food for the young, the rational use of drugs, in particular, helps to achieve good results.
Poultry may be subject to a variety of diseases. For the prevention and treatment of great thromexin.
Scope The preparation of a broad antimicrobial orientation is used not only for domestic birds, but also forI have a large farm animals.
As for poultry, the drug is used for treatment, as well as prevention, for the following diseases:
A common problem faced by farmers who breed poultry is diarrhea in young animals.
- Enteritis of a bacterial nature.
- Mixed infections infections and viral infections with bacterial complications.
- Diseases of the respiratory pathways, etc.
The factors causing diarrhea of chicks are many. Diarrhea in chicks may occur on the background of nervous stress associated with fright or adaptation to the conditions in the new place of residence.
It happens that this condition may occur due to the feeding of birds with substandard food of the first freshness. However, diarrhea can indicate serious diseases that can lead to death. Pullorez, or typhoid fever, is characterized by a liquid white, green or brown stool.
Untreated leads to death. Coccidiosis is diagnosed by the presence of bloody loose stools. When pasteurellosis or bird cholera is different, it is characterized by the presence of green diarrhea with blood splashes. In cases of salmonellosis, birds suffer from fluid frothy diarrhea.
It is to prevent the incidence, as well as for the treatment of infectious pathologies, the drug thromexin is effectively used.
The composition of the drug
Thromexin is an antibiotic with a wide range of antimicrobial properties. One gram of the drug contains 200 mg of sulfamethoxypyridazine, 40 mg of trimethoprim, 110 mg of tetracycline hydrochloride and 130 mg of bromhexine hydrochloride.
package. Of the excipients, the preparation contains:
- sodium cyclamate.
- sodium saccharinate.
- sodium citrate.
- anhydrous calloid silicon.
- sodium chloride.
- lactose monohydrate.
- Pecuaroma 1226-Z.
The drug is contraindicated for use in birds with increased sensitivity or intolerance to any component of the drug.
Due to the ability of the components of the drug to accumulate in the eggs, this drug is contraindicated for the prevention of the incidence of laying birds. If it is necessary to use the drug for medicinal purposes, eggs from birds that received an antibiotic are considered unsuitable for use.
The drug is available in the form of a light yellow powder, packaged in waterproof foil pouches with a capacity of 0.5 and 1 kg, as well as in bags with a capacity of 5 and 25 kg.
The package must have Russian-language labeling indicating the name of the manufacturer, the name of the drug, the full composition of the medicinal product, methods of use, date of issue and serial number.
Also on the package must be an inscription indicating that the application of the drug - veterinary medicine.
Instructions for use for young
It is advisable to use medicines and vitamin complexes in chicks in the first days of .As measures to prevent infectious diseases of young poultry, farmers carry out a number of activities.
These include compliance with hygiene standards and feeding chicks with antimicrobials.Before settling a new batch of chicks in the house, disinfection with antiseptic means is carried out.
However, even with the observance of sanitary standards and the availability of drug supplementation, the incidence of poultry may be observed. For the treatment of domestic birds from a number of ailments used tromeksin. Sick chicks are given water with diluted tromexin powder for 3-5 days.
If symptoms persist, repeat the treatment after 3-4 days. For young poultry, thromexin is diluted at the rate of 2g per 1 liter of water on the first day and 1gr per liter of water on subsequent days. At observance of the recommended dosage, good tolerability of the drug is observed.
Thromexin for chickens
For the prevention of the incidence of livestock in poultry, chickens are recommended to drink antimicrobial drugs. For these purposes, you can use tromeksin.0.5 g of is diluted in a liter of boiled chilled water and given to chickens on the 5th day.
Preventive feeding is carried out for 3-5 days. Three weeks later, the antibiotic is re-fed with an active substance other than tromexin.
Use of medicine for goslings
Goslings in the first days of life require increased attention and care. Like birds of other breeds, young geese are most susceptible to various infectious diseases. One of the preventive measures is the early feeding of therapeutic agents with antimicrobial properties.
Tromexin is used in goslings according to the standard scheme applicable to chickens. Universal remedy is used in veterinary medicine to treat and counteract the incidence of all varieties of agricultural birds, including aquatic animals such as geese and ducks.
Issuance of a drug for turkeys
When using Thromaksin for chicks older than three weeks, the drug is diluted at the rate of 1 g per liter of liquid as for adult birds, if we are talking about preventive feeding. If the medicine is used directly for treatment, will double the dose of powder on the first day.
Important: the shelf life of the diluted solution of tromexin should not be more than 24 hours. During the course of treatment, a fresh solution is poured into the drinking trough daily; the remnants of the old are disposed of.
Use of an antibiotic solution for adult poultry.
It is advisable to take adult poultry for preventive purposes with a solution of antibiotics twice as rich as the solution used for the young of the first days of life. When using antibiotics, including tromexin, you should consider the timing of removal of the drug from the body.
Meat and eggs of poultry that received a course of treatment or prevention of the drug thromexin cannot be used for food for 5-14 days, respectively, slaughter is not earlier than after the fifth day of after the end of the medication.
Side Effects for Broilers
There is a good tolerability of this drug, subject to the dosage of the drug. In case of overdose, symptoms of anemia of the mucous membranes, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, impaired renal function may occur.
In the presence of renal failure, it can cause fluid retention in the tissues, and increased edema.
The pharmacological characteristics of
Sulfamethoxypyridazine and trimethoprim, the main active ingredients of thromexin, are highly effective against a number of pathogenic microorganisms by suppressing the synthesis of tetrahydrofolate acid in a bacterial cell.
Tetracycline in the composition of the drug violates the protein biosynthesis of harmful bacteria. Bromhexine has a pronounced mucolytic effect, helps to relieve airway edema, increases the body's oxygen saturation by improving respiratory ventilation.Therapeutically significant concentration of the active substances in the blood is reached after one to two hours have passed since the use of the drug and persists for 12 hours.
The maximum concentration in the blood is observed 8 hours after oral administration. Excreted mainly in the urine, to a lesser extent in the bile.
When using tromexin, you should follow certain safety rules related to the use of veterinary medicines:
- The whole complex of work with the medicine must be carried out using personal protective equipment , such as overalls, gloves, goggles and a respirator.
- diffuser and gloves When using thromexin, it is forbidden to smoke , to drink or eat.
- After completion of the work associated with the drug, should be thoroughly washed the skin of the face and hands with soap and water.
- Containers used for breeding tromexin are prohibited for further use in household needs and must be disposed of.
Antibiotic therapy has its supporters and its opponents.Some farmers tend to grow more naturally in poultry without using antimicrobials.
It is worth noting that subject to the instructions and rules for the use of medicines for chickens, including the scope, dosage, contraindications, precautions and period of hatching, negative consequences, both for feathered pets, and for people who eat meat and eggsfeathered, can be avoided.
Failure to use antibiotics for broilers is fraught with a number of consequences of , ranging from losses associated with the loss of livestock, ending with the potential danger of contracting dangerous infectious diseases, such as, for example, salmonellosis, which is easily transmitted to humans.