Melon is a popular culture that is successfully cultivated throughout the world. Therefore, having your own plot and the desire to do it yourself, attention should be paid to the cultivation and the rules of planting in the open field of this favorite summer-autumn delicacy so that it can look healthy and with a wonderful taste.
In different regions, you can sow melon seeds at once, or plant them first on the seedlings. Cultivation and care must be carried out regardless of the terrain, shaping and feeding or binding to the trellis may also be necessary.
- Preparation for planting seeds
- Selection of the site and preparing the soil for planting
Is it possible to grow melons in the country in the openRunt
Melon - heat-loving plant, which need a lot of light. She feels good in hot weather and even drought. The maximum humidity for this culture is 60-70%.
Culture has a massive root system, which is able to get moisture at a depth of one meter. This plant requires a lot of free space for intensive development and comfortable growth.
Although melon and a southern resident, it can be grown in almost any area , the main thing is to know how to do it. Now a sufficient number of varieties that are well acclimatized and bear fruit in moderately warm and cold climatic conditions.
The most popular melons to be planted in the Middle Band and in Ukraine.
According to experienced gardeners, the best varieties to plant in a country house in central Russia or Ukraine, in the climatic conditions of the Moscow region are Altai and Kolkhoz Woman.
Early maturity, allows you to harvest in 70 days crop growth from the period of germination. The average size of the plant forms a moderate length of the whip.
Fruits are golden in color, have the shape of an oval. Observed ability to reach 1,5 kg .Gentle flesh is painted in a light orange color, characterized by drowsiness, sweetness and grain.
Of the positive characteristics: adaptability to adverse weather conditions, excellent transportability and keeping quality.
Melon belongs to the early ripening variety. The first crop can be collected after 75 days of after disembarkation.
The plant forms small orange-yellow round fruits with convex attachment of the stem. On average, the weight of one fruit is 1.5 kg. Dense pulp and durable crust allows you to easily transport the crop, which can be stored after harvest for a week.
In such conditions only certain varieties can grow, which include Early 133 and Amber.
Early maturing variety, vegetation period - 60-70 days .The fruit is in the form of an oval and with a yellow skin. It has a white, dense, tender, sweet flesh of great taste and aroma. The weight of one fruit is about 1.5 kg .
Valued for its excellent product quality, good transportability and high immunity to major crop diseases.
A variety of medium early ripening. The vegetative period from germination to ripening melons 70-85 days .Plant with long lashes of average power. Juicy fruits of spherical shape with juicy, fairly thick pulp and weight up to 2.5 kg .
Which varieties are suitable for sowing in Bashkiria and the Urals
Vegetable farmers in the Urals and Bashkiria who want to grow melon in their plots should choose a more suitable variety for the Urals region. The best seeds of melons are the dream of sybarite and Cinderella.
A dream of sybarite
Early variety, reaching technical ripeness through 50-55 days .The fruit has an original elongated shape and green striped peel. The mass of one fruit is equal to 400 g .
Juicy crunchy flesh whitish with a specific honey aroma and taste. The main advantages are increased yield, continuous fruiting until frost, good resistance to diseases.
The variety belongs to early ripening crops, as the growing season is 60 days , for which gains fruits up to 1.5 kg of weight .
Melons are colored yellow with a convex mesh pattern. The flesh has a white color and is characterized by juiciness and sweetness. Due to its rich aroma, it is valued in the culinary business.
The advantages include high resistance to temperature extremes, various diseases and attacks of pests. The disadvantage is short storage and poor transportability from a rather thin melon rind.
Plant Planting Rules
There are several ways to plant a crop:
- sowing seeds;
- seedling method;
- using grafted seedlings.
Preparation for planting seeds
For obtaining high-quality harvest is important competent preparation of seeds for sowing. Planting material to buy in special stores or independently collect from the fruit grown in its own garden and germinate at home.
When collecting seeds at home, you must follow the basic rule: must be harvested from large sweet melons.
One more thing is important: only for the third year after collecting seeds can be used as a material for planting. Because of the fresh specimens, the development of a plant with the absence of female inflorescences occurs, as a result of which they do not have the ability to bear fruit.
For the shoots to be friendly, and the plants to develop strong, seed needs to be etched in a weak manganese solution for an hour. After that, soak at 20-25̊ degrees in a thick layer of gauze fabric, which is immersed in a container so that the water only slightly covers the seeds.
Every 4-6 hours, the seeds need to be aired and again immersed in water. The total duration of soaking - 12 hours. Then scatter the seeds in a thin layer on a damp cloth and hold until the first sprouts appear.
Site selection and soil preparation for planting
seedlings Melon is a light-loving plant that does not tolerate shading. Therefore, for this culture fit well-lit areas of the sun, as protected from the cold winds.
When planning the planting of melon beauty in the garden, it is necessary to take into account which crops grew in the garden last year and the neighboring influence of different plants on the melon. As predecessors there can be garlic, onion, cabbage, peas, beans, winter crops .
turnip, basil, and radish are considered good neighbors to scare off pests, improve taste and promote growth.
The plant is not recommended to plant in one place for more than two years. .Return it to the previous place of growth without compromising the yield can be for 5 years.
Melon is very demanding on the soil, so it is suitable for a light, organic medium-loamy soil, with neutral acidity.
The plant cultivation area must be properly prepared:
- in the fall dig the ground into the shovels and add humus, in the presence of heavy soil, saturate it with river sand;
- with the onset of spring bed beds, using peat or ash to accelerate the snow, then cover with a film to ensure maximum heating of the soil;
- when the surface layer of the soil warms up to a temperature of +13 degrees to hold deep loosening of the with the addition of potassium and phosphate minerals, strictly observing the amount of fertilizer applied by the manufacturers on the packages;
- , before beginning the process of planting, re-dig the area, filling with nitrogen fertilizer fertilizers, which contain .
Conditions for proper cultivation and care
It is recommended that gardeners are planted in the ground only in the southern regions. In the northern latitudes and in the middle lane, it is better to grow only using grown seedlings, because melon may have time to germinate from the seeds, but it will not bear fruit before the cold weather. Favorable time for disembarkation - last days of April .
To do this, you need to perform the following procedure, take care and love the plant properly:
- Make holes, 5-6 cm deep. Planting pattern - 1 m between rows, distance in the row 0.7m.
- Equip each well with humus and water it with warm water.
- Put 3-4 seeds in each well.
- Pour the seed planted and cover with dry soil.
Fruits sow in late July - early August .When ripe, the vegetable acquires its characteristic color, the pattern is clearly revealed and the characteristic aroma of the melon appears. Signal full maturity is easy separation from the stalk.
According to the gardener's lunar calendar in 2018, the process of planting melons can begin on March 27.28, from April 20 to April 24 and in May on any day from 19 to 23.
The pledge of successful cultivation of melon beauty is sunny warm weather, when pollination and development of sugary juicy fruits are actively taking place. It is important to choose a suitable variety and follow simple agrotechnical methods, swoop down and pinch seedlings if necessary, and then a rich increase in the yield of melons is ensured.