The best grades of blackcurrant for different regions

Black currant grows in the whole territory of Russia near each house. Unsustainable to the composition of the soil, accustomed to the harsh winters, it gives a crop even in the subarctic zone .This garden culture bears fruit even in Yakutia and the Khibiny, reached Sakhalin to the east and the Krasnodar Territory in the south.

Such a universal adaptability to the vagaries of weather she inherited from a wild ancestor - currant. There are a lot of varieties and varieties, therefore it is very difficult for a beginning gardener( and not only) to make a choice.

Table of contents

  • Choosing varieties for central Russia
  • Currants for Siberia
  • What are the most large-fruited varieties?
  • The most resistant varieties
  • Gourmet also have something to choose from
  • What's new for the residents of the Moscow region?
  • A selection of

. Selecting varieties for the middle of Russia.
  • .
  • It is very easy to sort out the purpose of the variety:

    • berries are tasty by themselves - this is a dessert variety,
    • is thin-skinned, but unnecessarily sour - to boil the jam or grind with sugar;
    • berries with dense strong skin freeze,
    • universal( understandable).

    In order not to be mistaken, it is necessary to choose only regionalized varieties .Only on such bushes you can consistently and without much effort get a high yield.

    The ripening period, the size of the berries, their taste may differ not only from the growing region, but even from the watering or composition of the soil. Already at a distance of more than 200 kilometers, the characteristics of a variety can change significantly.

    If you live in the middle lane, you should take a closer look at the following varieties:

    Early - end of June, Zusha
    Late - fruits from the end of July - August… Kipian, Yadrenaya, Venus, Mermaid

    Pearl Among the first fruit-bearing ones, Selechinskaya is especially worth mentioning, since it combines the best qualities of ancestors - wild currant and gooseberry.

    Most varieties have an Achilles heel - they cannot grow without abundant watering. But Selechenskaya calmly copes with the summer drought and with the frosty winters , which makes his choice suitable for any region of Russia.

    Early variety of black currant Selechenskaya

    To all this, also add five kilograms from a bush of large berries the size of an cherry. There are no special advantages in varieties that are intermediate between early and late ones. They give less berries, and this is not because the varieties are not good enough.

    Just the period of their fruiting falls on the period of summer heat and dry winds.

    The main purpose of these varieties is to fill a niche before the latest, most productive varieties.

    Maturing berries of late varieties lasts from late July to.the end of autumn. At the same time, the variety of Kipian is distinguished by a yield up to of 5 kg and is resistant to powdery mildew and is not afraid of a kidney tick.

    Late variety of black currant Kipian

    Yadrenaya produces late harvest, but these berries can rival in size even with grapes - even 8 grams .There is a case when an experienced gardener has reached the size of a metal ruble!

    Late Black Currant Vigorous

    Vigorous Shrub usually gives almost 4 kilograms berries. The popularity of the variety is due to its resistance to pests and fungal diseases.

    Currants for Siberia

    Siberia is known not only for harsh winters, but also for hot, dry summers. These stressful weather conditions easily carry zoned siberian varieties:

    maturity Late variety of black currant Harmony Early variety of black currant Lama

    New varieties successfully withstand not only frost, but also arid heat. They are able to resist the main fungal diseases and insect pests.

    The varieties in question are also setting new records in terms of precocity: the first crop of from the currant bush of the new variety Nika reaches 1.2 kilograms of .

    An early variety of blackcurrant Nick

    Siberian currant berries Large Litvinova even reach 6 grams !

    Black Currant Large-fruited Litvinova

    What are the most large-fruited varieties?

    Undoubtedly, the leaders of the list will be varieties of unusually large berries.

    Name of the variety Brief description of the variety
    Yedrenny medium late variety of universal purpose berries from 3 to 8 grams non-one-dimensional, yield 3-6 kilograms from the bush, non-uniformity of fruits, quickly aging
    Dobrynya , you can’t have the same size, you can’t get the same size, you can’t get old
    You can’t have , you’ll be happy with the object, you will be able to quickly get old
    You can’t have the same size, you’ll be happy with the advertide, you’ll be happy with the object, you’ll be happy with the advertizing factor, you will quickly get older
    You will be able to use , a simple, flexible, non-dimensional fruit, will quickly age
    You will be able to use , you will not be able to use the object, you will be able to use the object and will not be one-dimensional, it will quickly age.also non-one-dimensional, almost five kilograms of
    can be removed from the bush. Selechenskaya-2 is a universal variety, bearing fruits in early July. Harvesting berries - up to 5 kilograms from the bush

    . The best large-fruited varieties: Yadrenaya, Selechenskaya, Globus, Pygmy.

    When choosing a super-large-fruited variety, one should not forget that usually such plants require additional fertilizing and watering, especially in the dry summer and if they are planted on sandy soils.

    The most resistant varieties

    Practically do not get sick, which means - crop is the most environmentally friendly crop of the following varieties:

    • drought-resistant - Dobrynya, Gulliver, Izyumnaya;
    • disease resistant - Sibylla, Gross, Gamma, Gulliver, Sevchanka, Globus, Muravushka;
    • cold-resistant - Sibylla, Venus, Romance, Globe, Pearl, Rhapsody, Vigorous;
    • pest-resistant - Orloviya, Kipian, Gracia, Gamma.

    Gourmand also have plenty to choose from

    When evaluating above 4.5 points, the variety is credited to the dessert category: Centaur, Perun, Selechenskaya, Selechenskaya-2, Nadiya, Venus, Oryol waltz, Slastena, Bomond, Nestor Kozin, Tissel, Uralskaya sweet, Raisin, Black eye.

    The Izyumnaya variety has an interesting feature: , after ripening, the berries do not crumble from the stem, but gradually “hedge”, hence the name of the variety.

    Black Currant Raisin

    Best to taste from early varieties - Pearl, Black Boomer, Raisin, Legend.

    Currant Black Boomer

    Lazy - late variety with very large berries up to 6 grams .

    Black Currant Lazy

    What is new for the residents of the Moscow region?

    The weather in the Moscow Region is characterized by a relatively mild winter and a rather warm, humid summer. It is such a climate like black currants. However, the soil composition varies even in areas of the Moscow region.

    It is necessary to select varieties not according to yield or taste, but exclusively, adapted to the specificity of the soil composition of the region.

    The best known among the summer residents of the variety are: Velaya, Lisavenko’s Memory, Sudarushka, Dobrynya, Yadrenaya.

    To eat berries all season, you need to choose from the following varieties:

    Early Sevchanka, Nara, Moscow Black, Dar Smolyaninovoy, Blueberry, Selechenskaya, Selechenskaya-2
    Medium Dobrynya, Greenye, aus, and you will not be able to goPaulinka, Perun
    Late Vologda, Lazyan, Vela
    It should be noted that the late varieties for the suburbs is not the best choice. Summer residents simply may not have time to use all the best qualities of the same, for example, Lazy - the berries may not ripen.

    Grade Yadrenaya, as already noted, gardeners praised for a variety of literally unique qualities:

    • high yield,
    • very large plum berries,
    • compact bush,
    • self-growth,
    • winter resistance,
    • fastness,

    Even if the size and taste of the berries shook you, you need to find out some of its characteristics.

    What characteristics should be paid attention to first:

    • self-fertility( no additional pollinator variety is needed),
    • susceptibility to diseases and pests,
    • resistance to spring frosts and other weather factors.
    If you plant several varieties nearby( even self-fruited), the berries will be much larger.

    Therefore, resistant to stress factors Gulliver will not cause problems with the weather's vagaries, and Dar Smolyaninova will be pleased with the early harvest of even without chemical treatments from pests and diseases.

    Black Currant Gulliver

    Another gift to fans of ecological products is , a variety of Orlovskaya serenade, which is practically not afraid of mite, and from fungal diseases - powdery mildew.

    Black Currant Oryol Serenade

    The variety Selechenskaya-2, with its increased environmental plasticity, does not fear the lack of water and unsuitable soils. As a result, the summer resident will get his 5 kilograms of cherry-sized berries from the bush.

    Conclusion

    It is very difficult to choose the appropriate variety of black currant bush , but there is a correct solution for the usual summer resident. It is to purchase zoned modern varieties of different ripening terms. Their high yields, unpretentiousness, harmonious taste qualities have already been confirmed in home gardens throughout the country.

    Currant transplantation in the spring and autumn to a new place

    Currant transplantation in the spring and autumn to a new placeShrubs

    In garden practice, situations often arise that require the transfer of currants to a new place, .Most often this is due to an error during site selection, depletion of the soil under the bush o...

    Read More
    Useful properties and contraindications of currant leaves

    Useful properties and contraindications of currant leavesShrubs

    Currant leaves - a gift of nature, with a wide range of beneficial properties for the internal health of the body and external beauty. This is an affordable raw material for the preparation of t...

    Read More
    How to effectively deal with aphids on the currants?

    How to effectively deal with aphids on the currants?Shrubs

    Each currant berry is an incomparable storehouse of vitamins, a source for tasty homemade preparations, fruit drinks, and a filling for pies. Without exaggeration, a good, abundant harvest of puf...

    Read More