Walnut varieties for the Krasnodar Territory

Of the varied cultivated varieties, walnut forms, preference should be given to winter-hardy, skoroplodnym, high-yielding plants with high-quality fruits. Important factors are also resistance to pests and diseases, its adaptation to local soil and climatic conditions. Walnut varieties, the descriptions of which will be given below, were developed by the North Caucasus Zonal Research Institute of Horticulture and Viticulture( Krasnodar).They are recommended for laying the gardens of farms, peasant farms, as well as for planting on the summer cottages of the Krasnodar Territory.

Contents:
  • walnut varieties Urozhainy
  • walnut varieties Zarya Vostoka
  • walnut varieties breeder
  • walnut varieties Aurora
  • walnut varieties Pyatiletka
  • walnut varieties Sovkhozny
  • walnut varieties sang
  • variety walnut dessert
  • variety walnut Favorite Petrosyan
  • Walnut Grade Elegant
  • Walnut Variety Krasnodar

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Walnut Varietal

Is zoned in Krasnodar Territory. A tree of moderate growth, rather winter-hardy, moderately resistant to brown spot( marson).Skoroplodny. Fruiting occurs in the 4-5th year after planting. Type of fruiting - apical-lateral. Blossoms - the end of April and the beginning of May. Nuts ripen in the second decade of September. Annual crops are high: 24-28 kg of dry walnuts are harvested from trees of 12 years old in the Krasnodar Territory. The average weight of a single fruit is 8.7 g, the yield of the kernel is 51.8%, the fat content is 69.7%, the shell thickness is 1 mm.

Advantages: is one of the best zoned walnut varieties for widespread cultivation, especially valuable for home gardening.

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Walnut variety Zarya Vostoka

Zoned in the Krasnodar Territory. Included in the State Register of the Russian Federation. A tree of moderate growth, relatively winter-hardy, moderately resistant to brown spot. The variety is early ripening. Begins to bear fruit from 4-5 years. Type of fruiting - apical-lateral. It blooms early - the third decade of April - the beginning of May, the fruits ripen together, but late - the end of September. Fruits regularly. The yield of 10-12 summer trees is high - 22-24 kg of dry walnuts. Fruits of medium size, the average weight of one is 9 g, the yield of the kernel is 55, 4%, the oil content is 69, 3%, the shell thickness is 0.9 mm. One of the best varieties for home gardening.

Pros: is valuable for its high, regular fruiting, suitable for widespread breeding.

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Walnut variety Breeder

It is in state testing. The variety of moderate growth, annually bears fruit, gives thin-walled nuts. Relatively resistant to brown spot. Winter hardiness of flower buds, wood average. Skoroplodny. Begins to bear fruit at 4-5 years after planting. Type of fruiting - apical. It blooms in late April and the first half of May, it ripens in the first decade of September. From 8-10-year-old trees harvested up to 16-20 kg of crop. Fruit weight - 11.6 g, core yield - 55%, oil content - 71.2%, shell thickness - 1.1 mm.

Pluses: For Kuban is a good grade.

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Walnut variety Aurora

Zoned in the Krasnodar Territory. Included in the State Register of the Russian Federation in all areas of cultivation of culture. The variety is vigorous, relatively winter-hardy, and is slightly affected by brown spot. Blossoms - the end of April and the beginning of May. Fruiting occurs at 4-5 years after planting, quickly increasing the crop over the years. The type of fruiting is apical-lateral, the yield of 10-12-year-old trees is 18-24 kg of dry walnuts. The fruits ripen in the third decade of September. Weight - 12.8 g, kernel yield - 54.8%, oil content - 68.8%, shell thickness - 0.9 mm.

Advantages: is distinguished by good commercial, consumer qualities of fruits, regular annual fruiting, it is recommended for laying industrial plantations.

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Walnut grade Five-year plan

Is in state testing. The variety is vigorous, skoroplodny, with high field resistance to brown spot, regularly bears fruit. Drought resistantWinter hardiness of flower buds, wood above average. It blooms late - the first and second decade of May. Fruits appear at 4-5 year after planting. Type of fruiting - apical-lateral. From 8-10-year-old trees harvested up to 18-20 kg of crop. The fruits ripen in the third decade of September. The walnut mass is 9.1 g, the kernel yield is 56.9%, the oil content is 67.6%, and the shell thickness is 1.0 mm.

Advantages: For Kuban is a good grade.

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Walnut variety State farm

The variety is strong-grown, winter-hardy enough, resistant to drought, weakly affected by pests and diseases. Begins to bear fruit at 4-5 years after planting. Type of fruiting - apical-lateral. It blooms - the end of April and the beginning of May, the fruits ripen in the third decade of September. Productivity - up to 17-22 kg of dry walnuts from a tree( age 10 years).Plants quickly increase their yield.

Fruits are medium to medium in size, weighing up to 10 g. Contain up to 54% of the core and up to 65% of fat. The thickness of the walnut shell is about 1 mm.

Advantages: has proven itself in plantation plantations and especially in home gardening.

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Walnut variety Pelan

Zoned in the North Caucasus region( Krasnodar Territory, Adygea Republic).The variety is vigorous, fast-growing( produces fruits for 4-5 years), quite winter-hardy, drought-resistant, weakly affected by marsson. Type of fruiting - apical-lateral. It blooms - the end of April and the beginning of May, the fruits ripen in the third decade of September. Productivity is good.regular( up to 20-24 kg of dry walnuts from a tree).

Medium-sized fruits, average weight - 9.5 g( maximum - 10.5 g), kernel yield - 56.3%, oil content - 68.2%, shell thickness - 1 mm.

Pluses: is one of the best Kuban varieties, suitable for widespread breeding.

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Walnut variety Dessert

Zoned in the Krasnodar Territory. Vigorous tree with a spreading rounded-oval crown. The variety is skoroplodny, drought-resistant, walnuts have an excellent presentation. The successful ratio of protein and fat enhances the dessert qualities of the core. Brown spot is slightly affected. Winter hardiness of flower buds, wood is not high enough. It blooms early - the end of April. Fruiting occurs at 4-5 years after planting. Type of fruiting - apical. Fruits on a good agricultural background annually. Productivity - 20-22 kg from a tree. The fruits ripen in the first or second decade of September. The walnut mass is 12.6 g, the kernel yield is 47.5%, the oil content is 69.3%, the shell thickness is 1.0 mm.

Advantages: is distinguished by its precociousness, early ripening of good quality fruits, it is recommended for widespread cultivation, it is especially valuable for amateur gardening.

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Walnut variety Lyubimiy Petrosyan

Zoned in the Krasnodar region. Vigorous tree with a rounded spherical crown. The variety is skoroplodny, drought-resistant, gives products of high commodity, taste. Winter hardiness of flower buds, wood is not high enough. Resistance to brown spot - medium. It blooms early - the end of April. The variety is homogamous, that is, the flowering of male and female flowers occurs simultaneously. Begins to bear fruit at 4-5 years after planting. Type of fruiting - apical. The fruits ripen late - in late September. On a good agricultural background fruits regularly. Productivity - 20-22 kg from a tree. The walnut mass is 11.8 g, the kernel yield is high - 60.6%, the oil content is 71.4%, the shell thickness is 0.8 mm.

Advantages: is one of the most valuable Kuban varieties, suitable for widespread cultivation, especially valuable for farming and home gardening.

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Walnut variety Elegant

Zoned in Krasnodar region. Vigorous tree with a large wide-oval crown. The variety is regularly fruiting, drought-resistant, slightly damaged by brown spot, produces high product and taste qualities. Winter hardiness of flower buds, wood above average. It blooms early - the end of April. Begins to bear fruit for 5-6 years after planting. Type of fruiting - apical. The fruits ripen in the second decade of September. Productivity - 18-20 kg from a tree. The walnut mass is 12.5 g, the kernel yield is 54.1%, the oil content is 67.6%, the shell thickness is 1.2 mm.

Advantages: is distinguished by high commercial qualities of fruits, it is recommended for laying industrial plantations.

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Walnut variety Krasnodar

It is in state testing. A strong-growing tree with a thick, wide-rounded crown, periodically lightening is required. A variety of restrained growth, poorly damaged by brown spot, regularly bears fruit, gives walnuts high commodity, taste qualities. Drought resistantWinter hardiness of flower buds, wood average. It blooms early - mid-April-early May. Fruiting begins in the 4-5th year of life. Type of fruiting - apical-lateral.

Fruits ripen in late September. Yield up to 18-20 kg of dry walnuts from a tree of 10 years of age. The average weight is 12.7 g, the core yield is 49.1%, the oil content is 70.1%, the shell thickness is 1.2 mm.

Advantages: is very large, tasty fruits, especially valuable for home gardening.

Useful:

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grafting method
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