Most florists agree that among the abundance of "home" plants, indoor tangerine occupies a separate place. The ornamental shrub not only pleases the eye with its bright, cheerful coloring of leaves and fruits, but also has a beneficial effect on the atmosphere in the home. It is proved that a thin, light scent helps to get rid of a headache, relieves irritation, anxiety, gives a feeling of cheerfulness, improves mood. In addition, the cultivation of mandarin at home does not require a large investment of forces, and this is also one of the important advantages.
How to turn a tiny bone into a flowering tree?
The easiest and easiest way to become the owner of a spectacular tangerine tree is to buy a ready seedling in the store. However, it is much more interesting and, importantly, economically, to independently grow a tangerine tree from an ordinary stone.
In order for the plant to stick well, you need to take the seeds of ripe, juicy, large fruits. It is desirable that there are more pits( 10 -12 pieces, so the chance of an “event” for success will be much higher!
) Before planting seeds in the ground( purchased or “extracted” from the garden plot), you need to put them in a humid environment for a few days.(It is better to wrap in clean gauze and slightly moisten it with water.) During this time, the seeds will swell and tiny sprouts will appear on them. When this happens, it's time to plant the plant directly on the ground.
Despite the fact that room mandarin is unpretentious to the type of soil, experts still recommend to come responsibly to this point. Thus, the optimal solution would be to prepare a special mixture yourself( if available), which will include the following components:
- 1 part;
- turf soil - 3 parts;
- rotted cow dung - 1 part;
Drainage is laid at the bottom of a clean, dry container( as a rule, small ordinary pebbles or expanded clay are used as drainage), after which the pot is filled with a thoroughly mixed composition of the above components. Swollen bones are placed in the ground to a depth of 5-7 cm. It is recommended to place the container with planted seeds in a well-lit place.
Direct sunlight should be avoided, since only the emerged, fragile shoots can simply burn!
Home Mandarin - Care and Feeding
Approximately three weeks after planting in the ground from the stone tangerine tree should appear the first shoots. From this point on, you can begin feeding the plants, since the mineral and organic substances originally contained in the soil are washed out rather quickly as a result of regular watering. In specialized flower shops, you can easily pick up a mixture of fertilizer and citrus fertilizer.
Particular attention should be paid to fertilizer in the spring, when the room mandarin develops most intensively. Like most indoor plants, the tree should be fertilized in the first half of the day, while the temperature of the mineral mixture should vary between 18-20 ° C.The composition of the fertilizer may be different, but components such as phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen must be present.
In no case should you violate the recipe of the preparation of the nutrient mixture or solution. The manufacturer always indicates on the packaging, in what proportions to use a particular tool. Irrational approach to feeding mandarin can lead to burns of the stem, leaves, or even the complete death of the plant.
The period of intensive growth of indoor mandarin is considered the time from March to September. The optimal frequency of feeding - 2 times a week. The plant is sure to “thank” with lush, fragrant flowers and beautiful fruits if the owner combines mineral and organic fertilizers( for example, rotted cow dung).
The main rules of caring for the tangerine tree
All plants love care and attention, and mandarin is not an exception. How to care for indoor tangerine, so that the tree was healthy, strong and beautiful? Professional florists highlight in the rules of care a few highlights:
- Partial removal of flowers on a young plant. This is done in order not to deplete the tree in the process of intensive growth. Let only a few flowers remain on the stem, but later beautiful, large fruits will come out of them.
- Timely removal of stretched twigs and dried leaflets.
- Pinching the tops of the twigs. It is necessary that the tree formed a lush, dense crown.
When fruits are tied on the branches of a tree, the stem and twigs of the plant are recommended to be tied to a support.
What might be a threat to the tangerine tree?
Good care is sometimes not enough for a long “life” of citrus fruits; in no case can you ignore such a threat as pests. Small, almost imperceptible red spider mites, citrus whiteflies or shchitovki can cause great harm to the plant. In order to prevent the death of the tangerine tree, it is necessary at the slightest suspicion of pests to wipe all the leaves with special solutions( Fitoverm, Aktellik, etc.).A few procedures are enough, and all unwanted "guests" will disappear.
Which varieties are suitable for growing at home?
Among the most popular varieties of tangerine tree, ideal for home cultivation, are the following:
Each of these varieties has its own specifics, but in any case the owner of the plant will be provided with spectacular flowerspronounced aroma and sweet, ripe fruit.