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video How to apply the plant apricot seedlings in the fall - shoot
Cultivation of apricot from the stone
Before us is a bone of ripe apricot. It is easily separated from the pulp. If you release the nucleolus - it is sweet. Only such bones are suitable for sowing.
The apricot kernel stores not only the mother properties. In it, as in the infant of man, the clan signs of previous generations are collected. The new tree will be special. It may give rise to a new variety, or it may be a dummy. But we learn about it only in 6-7 years, when the apricot from the stone will bear fruit.
Apricot orchard can be diluted in not only warm latitudes. The tree has adapted to the climate of the Moscow region, Orenburg, Khakassia, Eastern Siberia. It is noteworthy that only trees grown from seeds suffer weather disasters and survive. They endure frosts - 40 and heat +40.It is important to use the bones from the first crop of the zoned variety. Adaptation of such a plant in the local climate is high. Consider ways to grow apricots of their bones.
You can put a fresh stone in the hole for natural germination. But there are a lot of hunters for the sweet nucleus, it will be eaten by insects or dragged by rodents. Of course, you can plant in a pot and get a houseplant. Pampered seedlings planted in open ground will be weakened. Therefore, the development of apricot should go in natural or approximate conditions. So, how to germinate apricot stone?
Choosing apricots to get bones for breeding, you need to buy the fruits of local varieties. There is no guarantee that the young plant will be preserved until the first harvest, if seeds of Asian, imported or southern varieties are planted in the Moscow region.
Preparation of planting material
The production of apricots for their bones proceeds in several stages:
- Bone preparation begins with the selection of planting material - ripe apricot seeds. The washed bones dry well and clean the dry ventilated room. Sow them in the ground with the onset of frost. During the winter, the stones in the ground will undergo a natural stratification - quenching.
- How to plant apricot from a stone, if winter has already come, and the seeds are not yet in the ground? It is necessary to carry out stratification. At the end of January, the seeds are placed in wet sand in a box with drainage holes. Put the box in a trench in the garden and sprinkle with snow. In extreme cases, lower the box into the cellar with a temperature of +2 degrees and store until April. The sand must always be wet.
- Is it possible to grow apricot from a stone in the country, if the material is dry, and it is already March on the street? Put for three days bones in the melt water. Those that float - throw it away. Water change, not allowing souring. Mix sawdust with river sand, periodically freeze in the freezer and keep on the fruit shelf of the refrigerator until the seeding time in the ground.
When sowing in the ground must be remembered, not all seeds will sprout, and especially grow. It is necessary to make thickened crops.
Planting apricot seeds
Autumn planting of the stone farms is carried out when the first frosts fall on the ground. In a trench dug on a spade bayonet, a fertile air-permeable layer is packed, consisting of humus, straw, black earth, sand. The trench is filled, the drupes are laid down to a depth of 5 cm and sprinkled on top with the same mixture. Not all seeds will ascend, only the strongest ones.
Siberian Gardener Ghelasov states that the depth chosen for planting seeds is erroneous. Planting should be superficial, only then the root neck will be in comfortable conditions. But it is impossible to plant it completely on the surface - birds and rodents will be taken away. He proposes to sprinkle earth on 1 cm. Such seeds will go through 7 circles of hell:
- temperature drops;
- during provocative thaws, some will die;
- eat mice and birds.
Nothing appeared to sprouts that appeared. They tolerate forty-degree frosts, they are not affected by provocative thaws. Spied on this method of planting practices in nature, in the local wild variety - Manchurian apricot. Of the mass lying on the surface of the part gives strong shoots.
The experience of Zhelezov in planting from a pit and caring for apricots shows that only 1,500 of 1,500 seeds will grow. With a forced stratification of 1000 seeds, 900 will sprout. But there is no price for seedlings that survived despite all the troubles.
Growing apricot from the seed after germination is not difficult. The tree can be grown as a root root, without vaccinations. If a drupe originally rose in a place reserved for it, then it is ideal. In the garden should be at least 2-3 trees for better pollination.
If the seedlings need to be moved to a permanent place, a pit is prepared in which organic matter is added, in the form of plant residues, ash, and humus. In a soft litter rooted seedling. Water the plants infrequently, with cold water. Seed trees rarely have a central trunk, so formation is required. The peculiarity of own-rooted apricots is their resistance to diseases and pests.
How to grow an apricot from a stone, plant a seedling, or grow it wild, each gardener decides for himself.
For those who do not have a dacha, but you want to have your own apricot, you can start a potted tree, it will grow to 1.5 m. It is easy to care for homemade apricots - watering, transplanting and pruning. The tree goes into winter to rest, and in summer it can perfectly live in a room or on an open loggia. In this case, with proper care, apricot will delight in spring flowering and sunny fruits.