Seeds germinate at a temperature of 18 ᴼC.They will produce seedlings, which can then be transplanted into open ground. When growing alstroemeria flowers from seeds, they can only bloom in the third year after planting.
The second method is reproduction of alstroemeria by dividing rhizomes. It is also suitable for hybrids, since new plants retain all the properties of the parent. To divide the rhizome to fall, at the end of the flowering period. The plant is carefully dug, trying not to damage the roots, and then divide them into 2-3 parts. Each of them must have a fully formed root system. Sections are treated with disinfectants, and the bushes are placed back into the ground.
Cultivation in open ground
Planting alstromeria in open ground and caring for it requires time and attention. The plant needs to create the most comfortable conditions in which it can grow and multiply:
- watering frequency - 1 time per week, in drought conditions, it can be watered 2 times in 7 days;
- after each watering the land loosened;
- fertilizers - compost during planting, then organic or mineral supplements three times a month;
- before the beginning of the cold season, the green part of the plant is cut off, and the rhizome is covered with leaves, peat or covering material.
If no further seed collection is planned, it is recommended to cut the buds at the end of flowering. Thus, in their place, new flowers are formed faster.
In a greenhouse, alstromeria is conveniently grown on an industrial scale. Here you can create the most comfortable climate even in the absence of suitable weather conditions. The soil should consist of sand, leaves, peat and humus. It must be constantly watered, but not allowed to stagnate moisture. Fertilizers are applied twice a month, for this they use nitrogen-potassium fertilizers. In winter, alstroemeria in the greenhouse also blooms, but she will need additional coverage. The temperature regime is about 15 degrees in the daytime, and 13 at night. During intensive flowering it is raised to 18-20 degrees.
Read also: Methods of reproduction of room peperomia: seeds, cuttings or dividing the bush
Alstroemeria can grow at home in pots. A hole must be made in the center of the tank to prevent stagnation of moisture. It is not necessary to feed and fertilize the plant. Water it enough every 3 days, and the pot is placed on the most lit place.
Alstromeria is a large number of very different varieties that differ from each other in size, color and shape. It is an exotic flower, but it is possible to grow it in an average climate. Most often it is planted in greenhouses, which allows you to adjust the illumination and temperature. In the open field to get large bright flowers can be difficult due to changes in temperature and soil moisture. At home, potted alstroemeria will feel comfortable, but the beam will choose low varieties.
Growing Alstroemeria in pots - video