Detailed description of the Pissardi plum variety

Pissardi Plum is distinguished by its unusual appearance and is an ornament to any garden. Many landscape designers use this tree in their compositions.

Given the characteristics of flowering, it will delight its owners almost all year round.

The content of theEurope was brought by a scientist, in whose honor the variety was named. This tree is more related to ornamental crops, and not to fruit and berry. Its height can be from 5 to 7 meters.

Plum has an unusual crown, spreading, densely branched with dark purple foliage, it can not leave anyone indifferent.

The shape of the leaves is ovoid, and their length is 5-7 cm. The trunk of the tree and its main branches are painted black or gray-silver.

The first buds of a delicate, pink shade appear as early as April in , even before flowering begins, thereby decorating the garden. Then white flowers begin to bloom, from which fruits are subsequently formed.

The Pissardi variety is more of a decorative species, small fruits do not differ in taste.

Pissardi can grow in regions with a temperate climate , and it can also be grown in arid areas. Plum does not tolerate a surplus of moisture, so the southern region, located near the sea is unlikely to fit this variety.

Also it is necessary to take into account the frost resistance, tree will not be able to transfer too cold temperatures .

Fruits of this sort abundantly cover the entire crown and are decorative. Small, dark red and round, they do not differ outstanding taste.

The advantages of :

  • the unusual appearance and early flowering period make the Pissardi plum a garden decoration almost all year round;
  • this variety can be grown even in places with strong air pollution and arid climate;
  • tree unpretentious in the care and does not require special attention;
  • high resistance to most diseases.

Disadvantages :

  • low frost resistance does not allow growing such a drain in cold regions;
  • tree is afraid of harsh winds;
  • fruits are decorative and do not differ in special flavoring qualities;
  • Pissardi requires a lot of space and does not tolerate close proximity to other plants.
Disadvantages of plum Pissardi include low fruit taste and poor frost resistance

Natural growth region and growing characteristics in other regions

In natural conditions of Pissardi plum grows in Western Asia and the North Caucasus. Such a tree prefers open, sunny frosts and is not resistant to frosty winds.

That is why, before purchasing a seedling of this kind, you should think about the place of its cultivation. Cold temperatures, lack of sunlight and a harsh wind can ruin a sapling.

A distinctive feature of the Pissardi plum is its unpretentiousness to air humidity, it can grow even in arid regions, the main thing is to water the root system in time.

Also, , she is perfectly able to settle down in the urban area , despite the environmental pollution.

Plum of Pissardi variety is unpretentious to air humidity, grows well even in city conditionsThis usually happens in April.

To choose a place for a tree, you need to pay attention to the following factors: :

  1. The site should be well illuminated with , so Pissardi should be planted on the south side of all other trees. This is necessary so that they do not shade the plant.
  2. The variety also loves space.
  3. The soil should be fertile and loose , and the groundwater level should be at least one and a half meters. Otherwise, at the bottom of the pit will have to do drainage of expanded clay or other improvised means.
  4. The main factor will be gust protection , because it is this natural phenomenon that can completely destroy the young tree.
  5. This variety can be grown both in household plots and within the city.
  6. Trees are planted at a distance of 2 meters from each other.
  7. The pit needs to be prepared in advance, about 2 weeks before planting, a pit is dug out, a depth of 50 and a width of 70 centimeters, a fertile layer of soil mixed with humus is poured into it, and a planting stake is set.
  8. The sapling must be on the north side of the stick.
  9. During planting, place the tree in a pit so so that the root neck is 3-5 centimeters from the ground level and carefully sprinkle the root system with fertile soil. As the work proceeds, the ground is slightly tamped down.
  10. As soon as the plum is planted, it is tied to a peg, mulched and watered thoroughly.
The sapling when planting must be positioned so that the root neck is 3-5 cm from the ground level

The rules of care

Although it can grow in arid regions, needs regular and abundant watering of the .Once every two weeks 4-6 buckets of water are used up per tree.

To avoid the reproduction of various bacteria and pests, to provide the tree with the necessary amount of light, sanitary pruning is carried out every year.

In the process of its implementation, all dry and damaged branches are removed, the excess growth that prevents the penetration of sunlight.

Also, needs to remove weeds around the tree trunk and loosen the soil in a timely manner so that the roots can get oxygen.

In the first year of life, the does not fertilize the drain. Starting from the second year, the following dressings should be applied:

  • in autumn - humus, one square meter of land half a bucket of fertilizer;
  • in the spring use potash or sodium humate;
  • In order for plums to ripen better, is supplemented with urea during the fruiting period of .

Considering that Pissardi belongs to heat-loving varieties, needs to be prepared for winter for .To do this, the tree is carefully watered, mulched and additionally sprinkled the tree trunk with peat or straw.

Starting from the second year, the Pissardi plum is fertilized with humus, potash fertilizers and urea.

. The reproduction of red plum

. This fruit and berry crop reproduces in four ways.

With the help of seeds :

  1. The most healthy and large seeds are selected, which are cleaned of pulp and soaked for 4 days, while they need to be stirred periodically and changed water.
  2. They are then stored in a dry glass jar.
  3. The next step is stratification, during this procedure the seeds are mixed with wet sand or sawdust and stored in this state for 160-180 days at a temperature not lower than 0 and not higher than 10 degrees.
  4. Then the seeds are planted in open ground, most often the end of fall or middle spring is selected for such a procedure. Such planting material is deepened by 70 cm.
Vaccination — this procedure is carried out in April-May or in July-August. It is possible to inoculate both cuttings of a tree and its kidney.

Root growth - in the autumn period, the root must be cut, which will connect the mother plant with a process. In the spring, the resulting seedling is dug and moved to a new location.

Root cuttings - in the fall, you need to dig up roots 1.5 centimeters thick and 15 centimeters long, at a distance of about 1 meter from a young tree and 1.5 meters from an adult plant.

Store them either in a dug shallow trench( 50 centimeters), sprinkled with peat and river sand, or in the basement under a mixture of moss and sawdust.

Pliss Pissardi propagates by seeds, grafting, root shoots and root cuttings

In early May, the cuttings are transplanted into the greenhouse , a special soil is used, consisting of one part of sand and three parts of peat. Next, you need to deepen the upper ends of 2 cm and zamulchirovat them with sawdust.

To make the cuttings comfortable, they should be slightly shaded. If several shoots go back, then choose the strongest of them.

Several times per season, plants are fertilized with with slurry, chicken manure or other organic fertilizers.

Air cuts, red leaf plum:

Diseases and pests

The Pissardi plum variety is highly resistant to various diseases and pests. The greatest danger to wood are:

  • powdery mildew;
  • necrosis of the trunk and main branches;
  • green leafworm;
  • fruit cap moth.

There are many drugs that will help get rid of this or that disease. But one should note the most important rule: , all damaged areas of the tree must be cut and burned .

The use of such raw materials as mulch can lead to the spread of bacteria or pests.

For the prevention of diseases, the following treatments should be carried out:

  1. To scare off pests in the spring, the tree crown is sprayed with insecticides, which include: Aktara, Angio, Aktellik.
  2. To combat the May shrimp larva, in mid-April, the tree is treated with Prestige, Anti-Chrushka, etc. In this part of the solution should fall on the trunk, protecting the bark about 10 cm above ground level. Such spraying is repeated every 40-50 days.
  3. Use of fungicides during the vegetative period is also used.
The Pissardi plum variety is highly resistant to various diseases and the appearance of pests.

When working with chemicals, you must use personal protective equipment.

Although the Pissardi plum is not distinguished by tasty and juicy fruits, its appearance compensates for the presence of most of the disadvantages of .A bright, purple rounded crown will stand out advantageously against other plants.

Plum Purple Pissardii:

Detailed description of the variety of plum trees

Detailed description of the variety of plum treesPlums

. Even on a small plot, a rare summer resident refuses to plant a plum tree.Plum - extremely popular in gardeners stone culture. In many Russian gardens one can find one of its most interesting var...

Read More
The most common plum diseases and their treatment

The most common plum diseases and their treatmentPlums

. Plum is a fairly common plant that can be found in every garden. You can get a good harvest of delicious and useful fruits only from a healthy tree. However, gardeners often face growing problems...

Read More
Planting and caring for the draining or thorny

Planting and caring for the draining or thornyPlums

. Modest bush from the genus Plum - Turn, does not bring any trouble during cultivation and is of high value to a person. The chemical composition of all parts of the plant has become the basis for...

Read More