Celery is rarely found in our gardens. Apparently this is because the cultivation of celery root or stalked lasts more than five months( for leafy, these periods are less), and this makes any gardener tinker with it. But he has a lot of useful properties, so I think you can work hard.
- Celery - beneficial properties and harm
- Celery root - growing
- Celery seedlings, how to grow
- Pickling celery seedlings in the ground
- Celery root - what kind of care is needed in the garden?
- How to grow root celery - reviews, tips, practitioners, cultivation mistakes
Be careful - people with certain diseases can cause harm to celery. It is leaf, petiole, root. Among the leaf there are varieties with curly leaves. Root or root celery is a very tender, tasty root vegetable. Boiled - like a potato. It makes delicious cream soups and salads.
Also bake the root well, cut into large pieces, with meat. Especially useful is a salad of grated root vegetables with apples, carrots, greens, seasoned with vegetable oil and lemon juice.
Celery - beneficial properties and harm
This root crop( or petiole, leaves) is a storehouse of unique nutrients for our body. It is valued not only for the rich composition of nutrients, but also for its low calorie content. This allows you to use it as a dietary product. Freshly squeezed juice from it is useful, it is useful as one of the components of salads or soups, as well as stewed, boiled, baked. Lowers cholesterol, slows down the aging of the body, contains a lot of biologically active substances, vitamin C.
Celery - its beneficial properties may be of interest to men. The root and stem contain phytoandrogens - substances that stimulate testosterone production in men. For greater effect, the root or the stems should be eaten for at least 1-1.5 months each day.
If you keep fasting, then, all the more, eat celery. Due to the high content of amino acids, tyrosine, it is a good meat substitute. He will help lose weight. Essential oils stimulate digestion, pancreatic enzyme production. It improves the production of gastric juice, therefore the digestion of food is better and faster.
This vegetable is rich in calcium. One hundred grams of this plant is thousands of milligrams of calcium, that is, almost the daily rate. This vegetable promotes the washing out of salts, therefore cleans the kidneys.
Pay special attention to celery leaves - the beneficial properties of decoction of them will help to calm the nerves and even out sleep.
Is there any harm? It is hardly possible to use this word in relation to celery. In all the measure is important. Just with this vegetable you have to be more careful with people with diseases of the stomach, with acute pancreatitis or cholecystitis.
There is practically no waste at the root - the leaves, the root fruit, are eaten. This is a great flavor additive to any dish.содерж to contents ↑
Celery root - growing
The technology of sowing, growing seedlings, planting root and stalked celery in the ground is the same. Therefore, here we will talk about the root, but know that the stalked one should be grown just as well. There are some differences in care, but they will be discussed below. Sheet species can be sown immediately in open ground.
Root celery is a rather complicated culture. When it is grown, there are a lot of subtleties and peculiarities.
The first is the choice of variety. Old varieties of root celery, for example, Apple and Gribovsky, are still sold. They form not very large roots, weighing no more than 200-350 g. In modern varieties, the root can reach a weight of 900 g. There is another drawback in the old varieties - they give a large lobe of branched roots. To clean this vegetable is not very convenient - a lot of waste. Try to acquire those varieties that give a smooth, good, large root vegetable.
The second feature is that this plant has a very extended vegetation period - from germination to maturity. For example, in middle-early varieties, it is 160-180 days. In fact, it is more than 5 months of waiting for the harvest.
So that we do not talk about growing - the basis of the harvest - the seeds. It is important to choose the seeds. Gardeners should pay attention to varieties such as Esaul, Edward, Maxim. This is a gorgeous root variety, well kept and calmly ripen.
Maxim( root) - a very early variety. It is the same ripening time as Esaul, but it has a longer period of growth. That is, it can potentially give an even bigger root crop than Esaul. These garden varieties should be paid attention to those gardeners who did not grow this root crop before. These are trouble free varieties.содерж to the content ↑
Celery seedlings, how to grow
Sowing for seedlings - the end of January-beginning of February( Krasnodar region), February-beginning of March( middle lane).
Root and stalk without seedlings can not be grown - most likely it will be a bunch of greenery, but the root itself will not. Sheet can be sown immediately in open ground. But the preparation of seeds for sowing is the same for everyone.
Pre-seeds are soaked in hot water with a temperature of 60 ° C.The seed coat contains many essential oils. Hot water is needed to remove them, since it is the essential oils that do not allow the seeds to sprout quickly.
Keep the seeds in hot water until cool. Hot water does not dissolve the essential oils; when heated, they rise to the surface of the water. We wash the seeds with running water - at the same time the oils are washed away. We pour out the seeds on the cloth, dry them a little, until the flowability appears, so that they stop sticking to each other.
Celery seeds germinate only in the light. We sow seeds on the surface of the soil, not sprinkling with earth, but slightly pressing them with the palm to the surface of the earth. This is the main condition for growing celery. The layer of soil in the nursery should be 7-10 cm in height. There should be very good lighting. The nursery on top is covered with film or glass.
Celery grows tight, shoots appear after twenty days. The first time when watering should use a sprayer.
You can grow seedlings in peat tablets. After the appearance of 3-4 leaves, you can dive - select individual cups with a volume of 200-500 ml.
The choice of planting of seedlings is very important for celery. It must be an absolutely bright place. Even a slight shading reduces the weight of the tuber. The land should be very loose, fertile, moist. If you have clay soil, or, like me, black soil - be sure to add sand, compost, sawdust during planting. The root head will be difficult to increase its volume if the soil is dense.↑ to content ↑
Pickling of celery seedlings into the ground
The seedlings are planted into the ground according to the 40 × 40 cm scheme. Do not save space on the bed. This vegetable should be spacious, the plants should not overshadow each other. I repeat once again - he loves the light very much. Thickened planting, when large spreading leaves obscure each other, leads to the formation of a shallow root.
Seedlings are transplanted into the open ground when it reaches a height of 8-10 cm. By this time, 6-7 true leaves appear.
The most important condition for transplanting celery root is not to penetrate the root collar - the place where leaves go to the root. If you plant below the level as he grew the seedlings, the roots will grow small, with a lot of lateral roots. This, of course, will greatly affect the quality of the harvest - you can only use leaves for eating, there won't be any root vegetables.
. The photo above is indicative: pay attention to the distance between the seedlings - for the root one, this is very important - it should be spacious.
Experts advise to plant celery in the ridges. The root has a very rich root system. Remember, what is the root after digging out? That's right, shaggy. Planting in the crest gives the fetus an additional area for growth, and reduces the “shaggyness” of the root.
Video - planting root celery seedlings in the ground in the Netherlands( mechanized method for industrial cultivation):
Celery root - what kind of care is needed in the garden?
Need a good, regular watering. Root varieties do not tolerate the drying of the soil. On dry soil, the root crop loses its taste, flavor. It is desirable to mulch the beds to retain moisture. But when mulching, make sure that the root neck of the celery root is not covered with mulch.
Very often there is a temptation to tear off young fragrant leaves, for example, for a salad or soup - as usual we do with parsley leaves. It is advisable not to do this. And if you have already decided to feast on young leaves, then pull out the plant with the root - there will be no sense from it anymore. Because the plant is gaining strength due to the leaves. It is possible to tear the leaves only after the stalks of the leaves become thick and a thickening appears - a root crop has started to form.
How to feed celery root, a celery bed? If you add compost and ashes to the bottom of the wells, then you can do without supplements. But this vegetable grows for a long time, the growing season is very stretched, so once a month it will not be superfluous to feed it with complex fertilizer. It should be taken into account that the root crop carries calcium from the soil at the level of macro-elements, therefore, along with the complex one can add calcium fertilizers to the top-dressing, for example, calcium nitrate.
Root celery is not spud, only spit is spud. Instead of hilling, bleaching of stalks can be applied to paper wrapping. This is usually done two weeks before harvest. Stalks should be pressed tightly against each other and wrap light-shielding material( newspaper, sheet of paper).By the time of harvesting, the petioles become tender, white, the bitterness disappears.
Another important technique is the removal of side roots. This operation is carried out only for root celery. Cut the lateral roots directly in the ground, tracing the main root with a knife along the contour. This procedure is carried out twice per season. Timing - midsummer. Usually, such treatments require old varieties. Therefore, if you do not want to bother, choose the varieties of the new selection.
When the base of the main shoot begins to thicken at the root celery, several outer leaves are cut off so that only the inner rosette remains. Leaves that should be cut off usually begin to bend down to the ground. Leave only those that grow vertically. This contributes to the growth of the root. Starting from the middle of summer, yellowed old leaves are torn off.
Another agrotechnical technique for obtaining larger root crops is the breaking up of the ground or the scooping of the ground from the root crops that have begun to form.
In contrast to the root crop, the leaf celery harvest we get earlier. For food use leaves. The rosette of leaf vegetable is more powerful than that of the root - the number of leaves ranges from 30 to 100. Varieties for cultivation - Zakhar, Senezh, Vanyusha. The variety of curly celery is called Freak.
How to distinguish leaf celery from stalked celery? The leaf leaf stalk will have a void inside, and the stalked inside will have dense pulp without voids.
Do not rush to dig up celery root. Because it is a short day plant. It turns out that he has all the nutrients accumulated in the fall, when there is already cool weather at night. Crop harvested late - September-October. If you have not managed to remove them before frost, a layer of straw, 15 cm thick grass is laid around the base of the stems to protect the sockets from freezing. It is desirable that the mulch was dry.
Good neighbors for celery root - leek, cabbage. In addition, he himself protects many plants from pests. It can even be planted next to flowers - it will drive away aphids, for example, from roses.
One of the storage methods is digging up celery, wrapping the root crop with paper and putting it in a box with wet sand down roots. Keep the box in the cellar.содерж to the content ↑
How to grow root celery - reviews, tips from practitioners, cultivation mistakes
Amended in January 2017.