Various types of buttercups are found in Europe, Asia and Africa. The gardeners are interested in growing Asian plants, more commonly known as ranunculus, planting and caring in open field for these spectacular flowers with semi-double or terry corolla.
Magnificent flowers resembling roses fall in love at first sight, but only the most goal-oriented and patient summer residents will be able to see them in their beds.
Planting ranunculus in open ground in spring.
Ranunculus are rhizomatous perennials with a short dormant period, for which paldent small tubers retain nutrients and moisture. Vegetation lasts from early spring, when the arrival of heat and moisture stimulates the awakening of sprouts, and until autumn. At home, the tubers overwinter in the ground, but in central Russia they must be dug out and stored in a dry room at a temperature of 14–17 ° C.
The time for landing in the open ground of the ranunculus in spring depends on the climate of a particular region. Suitable conditions in the middle zone occur in mid-April and persist until the end of May. The soil in the garden is warm enough, but still keeps melted moisture. This will help the Asian buttercup awaken to form amicable shoots.
If the spring is protracted, and there is a danger of returning cold, planting is better to cover with a greenhouse or to plant awakening tubers in large peat pots.
If the ranunculus rhizomes stored in the fall or purchased on the eve of the rhizomes dried out before they fall into the flower beds, for 12–24 hours, immerse the growth stimulant solution and process it with potassium permanganate.
To simplify the care of ranunculus outdoors, planting is planned where the buttercups will be well lit but not affected by the wind and the midday hot sun. If the groundwater at the site is close, it is necessary to provide for drainage, and also prepare a loose fertile substrate.
In spring, the landing of the ranunculus in open ground is carried out to a depth of 5–7 centimeters, while leaving a gap of about 15 cm between the plants, which will be required for the growing rosettes of the split leaves.
If the plant receives proper care, young tubers appear on each adult rhizome in the fall, which are separated and stored until spring. The following year, kids are planted together with other buttercups, and the strongest can bloom will contribute to the natural rejuvenation of the collection.
Care of a ranunculus after landing in an open ground
The weather is changeable in spring, so the first thing to do after planting a ranunculus in the ground in Siberia, the Urals or the Non-Black Earth Region is to cover the area with a film or a nonwoven covering material. Such protection will not be superfluous until the sprouts hatch and gain strength.
Greenery above the flowerbed is shown in 10–12 days. Since the plant is moisture-loving, the soil surface above the tubers can be mulched. It will save time on care:
- will save water in the soil;
- will not allow roots to dry out or rot due to improperly selected watering;
- will prevent or slow the growth of weeds.
Drying and excessive watering are equally dangerous for buttercups and can cause decay and the development of bacterial infections. After planting in open ground, care for ranunculus does not end with traditional procedures.
The lush blooming of buttercup requires a lot of nutrition. Plant feeding is carried out immediately after planting. Liquid organic fertilizer, for example, infusion of humus or manure, stimulates the mouth of greenery. Then the young rosettes with irrigation give a complex mineral fertilizer with a high content of potassium.
Regular feeding of the ranunculus is carried out while the plant is flowering. They not only push growth and flowering, but also help replenish strength, accumulate nutrients for the future season.
When digging ranunculus from open ground? The right moment will tell the Asian buttercup. After the flowers wither, the foliage begins to wilt, a new one is almost not formed.
Small, finger-like tubers and digging are easy to damage, so they are:
- removed very carefully;
- is then dried;
- is sorted, separating tubers with traces of rot, damage by insects or fungi;
- is placed in containers, perelaivaya paper.
Damaged rhizomes, if the damage is small, can be preserved by treating with hot water, heated to 50–55 ° C, and then systemic fungicide before storing it for storage.
If the planting was carried out correctly, and then the plants receive proper care, they will surely delight the gardener with an incredible bloom of beauty and tenderness that lasts more than a month.