Cucumber is a plant that has come to European countries and Russia from tropical countries. Growing such plants requires attentive care. They love it when they are fed with organic and mineral fertilizers. For cucumbers, it is possible to use ash, iodine, brilliant green, whey and other organic matter.
In addition to cucumbers, sprinkle with ashes in the open ground or greenhouse you can also pepper and tomato bushes, so if it remains after the cucumbers, then there will be another vegetable that you can feed it.
Table of contents
Why to feed cucumbers
Apply ash and plants for fertilizer
How to fertilize with ash
Milk for feeding cucumbers
Why apply cucumber cucumber
Why use cucumber cucumber? After all, growers grow them within the same plot. To restore the reserves of the soil using a variety of fertilizer. To feed cucumbers you need for the first time , when they give two strong leaves of .
Advantages of feeding:
cucumbers grow faster and produce before;
increase the period of fruiting;
improves the taste and number of fruits;
create a kind of "immunity" to plants, protecting them from harmful insects and diseases .
appear. Application of ash and iodine as a fertilizer
Ash is recycled organic matter that contains a large amount of minerals.
Used ash wood .It is the most accessible, especially in country houses, where houses are heated with a furnace. She looks like gray dust.
is not inferior to potash fertilizers in its composition. Pour it into the ground in any amount before watering. However, you can not overdo it, it can badly affect the future harvest. Everything should be in moderation.
Iodine is a trace mineral that is necessary for all animals and plants. For plants, he needs in a small amount of .Separately for this purpose it is not for sale.
Regular iodine, which is sold in any pharmacy, is used for top dressing. They need to spray to stimulate the growth of seeds, prevent fungal infections, form plant resistance to harmful insects and infections, and increase crop yields.
Treatment of plants with iodine also has a good effect on human health, which subsequently consumes such fruits. It helps strengthen the endocrine system of the body.
Ash and iodine use an average of about 6 times per season .Iodine seeds are treated, even before planting them into the ground. Then every 20 days throughout the season.
How to fertilize with ash
It contains about 28 mineral components. It is a mineral residue, after burning organic matter. Contains a large amount of: potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, sulfur, iron and others. However, the composition is completely absent nitrogen and chlorine.
The composition of the ash depends on what was burned. The best ash for fertilizer is obtained by when burning potato haulm. It has a lot of calcium and potassium.
When ash is introduced into the soil, soil is deoxidized.
It also inhibits the growth of harmful bacteria for cucumbers. Harmful insects do not fit the treated soil, it is detrimental to their effect. Ash is suitable for acidic soil. It helps to create a neutral or weakly acidic environment that cucumber loves.
It must be inserted in the spring of before planting seedlings in the ground. Add it dry. The amount of envy of how acidic the soil is and what kind of result is needed.
Wood ash infusion finds its application in horticulture. To prepare such an infusion, you need only to pour dry ashes with boiling water. About 1 tablespoon of ash is used per 1 liter of chlorine-free water. The mixture is left to stand for 1-1.5 weeks.
You can use this infusion every two weeks .It is enough just to water the soil next to the plant.
Ash is used to combat powdery mildew, an infection that inhibits the leaves of a plant. Because of what the whole plant is gradually dying.
. Iodine treatment.
. Iodine uses at all stages of growing seedlings .In high concentrations, iodine can destroy the plant. Therefore, it is diluted with water. Only 1 drop per liter of chlorine-free water is sufficient. If the water is chlorinated, the substance will react with chlorine, and such a composition will not bring the expected result.
For the first time, is treated with seeds. Seeds are wrapped in rags with iodine and left for 6 hours. This is done for better germination. Use iodine in a diluted form, so as not to leave burns on them. If they are improperly processed, the seeds may die.
Feed under the root is carried out with a lower concentrated raster. To water the plant, 1 drop of iodine is added to 3 liters of water.
Spraying with iodine solution using to combat powdery mildew.4 drops and 400 ml of milk are added to 3 liters of water.
With this solution, the plant is treated during the vegetative period, after it is planted in the ground. Treated plants every 10 days. It not only helps to get rid of powdery mildew, but also improves the growth of the plant itself, rejuvenates the shoots, improves the taste of cucumbers.
Milk for feeding cucumbers.
I use milk as fertilizer, not only in solution with iodine, but also in pure form.
Milk has a rich composition: maltose, glucose, lactose and others. The trace elements are not less than in mineral fertilizers. The composition contains: calcium, magnesium, manganese, potassium, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur, copper and many others.
When spraying cucumber with milk, an barrier is created to protect against the harmful insects .Insects are not able to digest lactose, so they simply will not eat leaves treated with milk. Also formed a film on the leaves of the plant, which prevents infection by infections.
It is best to use milk that is rich in natural bacteria, so UHT milk will not work, but is suitable for fresh cow and ordinary pasteurized .Fat content should not be low either. The higher the fat content, the more carbohydrates in the milk.
milk solution with iodine and soap is well used for spraying. To do this, you need 10 liters of water, add 1 liter of milk, 30 drops of iodine and half a grated piece of household soap.
There are many variants of such solutions, the main thing is not to overdo it with iodine solution, it can leave burns on the leaves. Pure milk can also be used, but it is quite expensive, so it is better to use solutions.
Thus, top dressing for cucumbers surround us everywhere. The main thing is to know how to use the tools at hand. Ashes can always be mined after burning unnecessary materials in the area. Iodine solution is available in pharmacies, as well as always in all first-aid kits as an antiseptic. Milk is easy to find in any store, and if you have your own farm, this simplifies the task even more.