Proper pepper planting in a polycarbonate greenhouse
Bulgarian pepper is a very tasty vegetable with a universal purpose. It is used fresh to make salads, it is also marinated, fried, stuffed, baked and consumed in other various variations. Areas with a mild climate are suitable for growing and planting such crops in the open field; in other localities, such a vegetable can be obtained using a greenhouse made of polycarbonate.
In such a greenhouse you can plant a sweet and bitter variety even in early spring. It is much easier to care for and carry out training, even in the climate of Siberia, the Urals and the Moscow region.
Table of Contents
Advantages of growing peppers in polycarbonate greenhouse
Proper timing of planting Bulgarian pepper in
greenhouse How to prepare greenhouse
gardeners when growing
Diseases and pests
Preparing and harvesting
The advantages of growing peppers in the greenhouse of polycarbonate
Bulgarian laneq considered capricious culture , which grows only at a certain temperature, light, humidity etc. It is almost impossible to create the necessary conditions in open ground, because there will always be a risk of adverse weather conditions.
In order to obtain a guaranteed yield, a polycarbonate greenhouse should be erected, which also has the following advantages:
possibility of early planting of seedlings, which will lead to the most rapid formation of ovaries;
Bulgarian pepper responds particularly sensitively to temperature changes, while in a greenhouse you can maintain a favorable microclimate;
under the cover of landing will be protected from cold winds, excessive rainfall and unwanted dew. This factor makes plants the most immune to diseases ;
Indoors Pepper care is minimized by .
Polycarbonate greenhouse is best suited for Bulgarian varieties, because scattered sunlight rather than direct sunlight gets onto the plants through the double material, thus protecting the plantings from burns. Also in such a greenhouse remains the most comfortable temperature.
In the greenhouse, the Bulgarian will be protected from all natural cataclysms, therefore the quality and quantity of the harvest will depend only on the efforts, competent approach and skills of the gardener. It is necessary to pick flowers in a timely manner, transplant seedlings on time, and also form a shrub if any tall variety is selected.
The correct time for planting Bulgarian pepper in the greenhouse
On average, seedlings need to be planted in a greenhouse in mid-May, but more specific periods can be determined by the following indicators:
For seedlings whose age is 60-70 days, should be at least 10tee leaves ;
A very important indicator will be the temperature of the air in the greenhouse; landing work can only be done if it stops falling below 10-12 degrees;
In the southern and central regions, the greenhouse is already warming up with by the end of April – mid-May .While in more northern areas such indicators appear only by the beginning of summer.
In order to speed up the process of warming up the greenhouse, should be prepared in advance by warming the beds. In the fall, the soil is dug to a depth of 30 centimeters, and small branches, straw, leaves, humus and other plant material are placed on the bottom, after which it is buried with soil and watered. As soon as the snow falls, it is scattered on the soil in the greenhouse.
How to prepare a greenhouse and how to apply top dressing to the soil
Before planting pepper seedlings in the greenhouse, it is necessary to prepare the soil, because the quality of the future crop will depend on the degree of its fertility.
In the fall, the soil is dug up and cleaned of weeds, stones and other debris. Also at this time, applied organic fertilizer in the form of compost or rotted manure. For one square meter of soil used 1-2 buckets of fertilizer.
Immediately a few days before planting, the ground is watered with a solution of complex mineral fertilizers.
Distance when planting pepper seedlingsFor the most rational use of the territory, it is recommended to choose tall varieties .The rules for planting are as follows:
The distance between rows should be not less than 70-80 centimeters , otherwise caring for plants will be a little more difficult;
tall varieties grown in 2 or 3 stem, located at a distance of 40 centimeters from each other;
undersized peppers are grown in 2 trunks, the distance between them is 25-30 centimeters.
Before planting, seedlings must be taught to the bright sun. To do this, they are carried out every day during the week. The residence time of plants in the open sun gradually increases from 2 to 12 hours.
is used for planting bell peppers on a cloudy day or in the evening .Seedlings carefully watered with water and taken out of the pots so as not to damage the root system and the earthen room. Deepen seedlings just as they grew in seedlings.
Proper formation of an
bush. The future harvest directly depends on the correct formation of plants.
In order to get a large number of large and tasty fruits, you must adhere to some rules:
Plant formation begins only after it reaches the height of 25 centimeters .Young peppers may stop developing or die;
The first flower bud, which is also called the crown flower, is removed immediately after its appearance. In this case, the plant will begin to more actively grow new shoots;
Pepper is usually formed into several shoots. To do this, leave the strongest shoots from the first fork, pinch the growth point and cut the top. Thus, a plant skeleton is created;
Skeletal branches also begin to form a fork, in the center of which a bud appears. Actions are carried out similarly to the previous ones: leave the strongest escape, and the rest pinch over the flower bud ;
All further branches form in the same way;
Shoots and buds growing inside the bush are removed because they cause thickening of the landings and will not yield a good harvest.
On each bush, no more than 20-25 fruits are left on the ; the rest are removed. It is also necessary to cut off diseased, damaged shoots and leaves growing below the skeleton.
The full formation of the bush is necessary for only for tall varieties .On undersized plants, only improperly growing, diseased and barren parts are removed.
With a lack of light, plant buds may begin to fall off. In order to prevent such a problem, perform the following actions:
, after the peppers have fully matured, the leaves on the main stem should be removed;After harvesting,
removes all foliage growing below the second branch.
In order for the peppers to ripen larger, and their taste is more intense, 40-50 days before the end of the growing season, it is necessary to form and tear off the tips of the shoots.
Watering is a very important procedure for peppers, so it is carried out taking into account the following nuances:
all work is carried out by in the morning hours of , so that in the evening the excess moisture has time to evaporate;
per 1 square meter of soil using 15 liters of water;
before the formation of buds, the plants are watered 1 time in 7-10 days, in hot weather additional moisture is allowed;
during flowering and fruiting planting watered 1 time in 4-5 days, in hot weather 1 time in 2-3 days;
for irrigation use only exclusively with warm and clear water to avoid overcooling and infection of plants.
Peppers are watered only at the root, using a watering can, hose, or a drip irrigation system.
A good approach to plant care
Plant nutrition with nutrients is very important for the formation of large and beautiful fruits:
during vegetation, plants 1 time in 14 days feed with nitrogen-containing fertilizers, such as urea;
during the formation of the fruits 1 time in 2 weeks make phosphate fertilizers;
2-3 times per season is allowed to feed the plant with mullein .
In addition to top dressing and watering, the pepper needs the following work:
weeds pick up useful trace elements from the soil and shade the peppers, so they should be regularly removed;
after watering the soil loosened in order to improve its oxygen saturation;
tall varieties need support, so they are tied to a support or trellis.
garter. Gardener's mistakes when growing
One of the main mistakes gardeners will be failing to plant plants, which is why they do not get enough sunlight and do not tie fruit;
Pepper is equally and afraid of cold and heat , if the first problem can be solved with the help of greenhouse shelter, then the second will be a little more difficult. After the temperature in the greenhouse warms up by more than 35 degrees, polycarbonate is covered with another transparent material;
Peppers should be watered with often and gradually , because with a lack or an excess of moisture very often, the ovaries of the plants fall off;
Loosening too deep can damage the root system, which in turn leads to the death of the flowers and the death of the plant;
If the pepper has stopped developing, then most likely an error was made before it was planted. Planting seedlings in the ground can not deepen the root neck of the plant.
The lack of nutrients in the soil can also lead to various problems:
leaves twisted around the edges indicate a lack of potassium;
if the lower side of the leaf becomes purple, then the pepper lacks phosphorus;
grayish leaves indicate too little nitrogen;
lack of ovaries and the rapid growth of green indicates a surplus of nitrogen, in this case should be carried out infusion of ash.
Diseases and pests
Peppers, like many other plants, are prone to the appearance of diseases and pests. When growing in a greenhouse, the most common ailments are:
gray mold, etc.
From insects most often appear:
larvae of the May beetle;
Colorado potato beetle;
For the control of pests, treatment with karbofos or other insecticides is carried out, which can be purchased in specialized stores. When diseases appear, in many cases the treatment is useless, the affected plants are removed, they cannot be transplanted, and healthy ones are treated with fungicides.
To avoid such troubles, it is necessary to carry out preventive treatment of plants with Brodsky liquid and follow all the rules of agricultural engineering.
Preparing and Harvesting
To harvest the sweet bell peppers growing in the greenhouse, you can until the onset of stable frost .The first frost will not be afraid of such plants.
Work is carried out following some rules:
In order to increase the amount of harvest peppers are harvested at the stage of technical( incomplete) maturity 1 time in 5-7 days ;
Fruits collected in the stage of biological( full) maturity are the most tasty and useful, but their shelf life will be much less than that of peppers collected during technical maturity;
The transition from technical maturity to biological lasts from 3 to 20 days. The main factor influencing this process will be the air temperature, the higher it is, the faster the ripening takes place;
Fruits are separated from the plant along with the stem, using scissors, a knife or pruner.
To grow Bulgarian pepper in the greenhouse is available to all gardeners, regardless of their location. Thanks to this construction, it is possible to get a harvest of healthy and tasty fruits not only in the south, but also in more northern regions.