White cabbage is one of the most common and favorite garden crops. Most of the owners of country and household plots are engaged in its cultivation with pleasure and enthusiasm. Many of them manage to grow not only cabbages, but also cabbage seeds.
Table of contents
- What soil does cabbage like when planting?
- How to grow a good crop?
- Preparation of seedlings of white cabbage
- Planting seedlings in spring in open ground
- Care after planting
- How to get cabbage seeds
- Correct planting of seedlings into the ground
What soil does cabbage like when planting?
In order to grow a good harvest of cabbage, must choose the right place for its planting .Much depends on where your cottage is located. So which plot to pick up to harvest a rich harvest afterwards? Independent choice is good, but it is better to listen to the advice of experienced gardeners. The best solution is the river floodplain, where the roots of a moisture-loving plant are provided with an abundant supply of water. The soil for this garden crop can be of any type with alkaline or neutral reaction. Cabbage will definitely love this kind of land. Absolutely not suitable for growing cabbage sour earth, which increases the likelihood of defeat vegetable keel. If the soil in your area is acidic, then before you grow cabbage, it must proklidkovat.
How to grow a good crop?
In order to obtain a high yield of cabbage, it is necessary to comply with agricultural techniques at all stages of growing vegetables, namely:
- to prepare seed properly;
- sow and grow strong healthy seedlings;
- to plant seedlings in the ground according to all the rules;
- to carry out the necessary care for plants;
- to harvest without loss.
Preparation of seedlings of white cabbage
In order to obtain strong healthy seedlings and subsequently a large head of cabbage and high yield of white cabbage, you should take timely care of obtaining high-quality seed material. Many gardeners are engaged in the cultivation of their own cabbage seeds.
Seedlings of white cabbage can be planted in greenhouses, greenhouses, open ground. It is possible and at home, but, as experience shows, in this case, the seedlings are weak, less resistant to diseases.
The most common way to grow cabbage seedlings in greenhouses of various sizes and designs is .Planting seeds in a greenhouse is possible from the beginning of April. Pre-selected and settles the location of the greenhouse. Uniform illumination of the site by the sun is a necessary condition.
Seeds are gently sown in transverse grooves buried no more than 10 mm. After landing, the area is leveled. The soil is slightly moistened, and the crops are covered with a film. Greenhouse regularly, about once every three days, open for ventilation.
Seedlings are ready for planting in open ground approximately 3 weeks after planting. As soon as the 4th real sheet appears. But you should not hurry, you can wait until the root system and the whole plant as a whole get stronger. This will ensure that the cabbage will confidently grow and bloom in the open field. Usually full readiness for transplantation to permanent occurs when you deploy 5-6 sheets of .
Planting seedlings in spring in open ground
When seedlings are ready for planting in open ground, to ensure that they will grow comfortably, they hold the following activities:
- Open a greenhouse to harden the plants.
- A week before the planned landing, the rate of watering is reduced, but in such a way as to prevent wilting.
- The day before the transfer of plants to a permanent place, fertilize with potash fertilizer.
- A bed is planted for planting cabbage: they dig up, remove weeds, mark holes.
Depending on the ripening period, the plants are placed at a distance of 50-60 cm from each other. Plant cabbage either in rows or in a staggered manner, observing the recommended distance between adjacent specimens. Planting seedlings should be carefully, so as not to fill the growth point with earth. The wells are pre-shed with water and after planting, they also carry out abundant watering.
Care after planting
The cabbage care technology is quite simple and includes:
- top dressing;
- loosening and hilling;
- weed, disease and pest control.
Watering is carried out regularly, depending on the weather every 2-3 days, abundant, since the plant is moisture-loving, not cold water.
After each irrigation, it is necessary to loosen the soil in order to provide air access to the root system of the plants. Hilling is done as needed, about once every two weeks.
Feed the cabbage in the open field is carried out several times .
The first time a week after two after planting extract of mullein, diluted with water at the rate of 1 l per 10 l.
Repeated feeding with the same composition is carried out after 2 weeks.
Potassium fertilizers and urea will be used when the heads of cabbage are tied up. Both in the amount of 10 g diluted in a bucket of water and carry foliar dressing.
White cabbage is susceptible to the onset of various pests: cabbage, cruciferous flea, slugs and others. They affect this culture and fungal diseases. Therefore, during the entire period of cultivation it is necessary to carry out protective, prophylactic and therapeutic measures. Today, you can purchase effective tools to combat garden plagues and handle planting according to the instructions attached to the preparations. A good result is given by folk remedies , tested for decades.
How to get cabbage seeds
Cabbage is a biennial plant. That is, can receive its seeds only in the second year of , when the plant forms flowers and fruits.
Thus, having grown heads of cabbages from seedlings, we pass only half way to obtain seeds. It is necessary to select suitable plants for queen cells. Preference is given to undersized specimens with a thin stump, a small number of outer leaves with short petioles.
Mother liquors are removed until frost, stored with roots, dipping them in a clay mash.
Leaving a head of cabbage with 2-3 covering sheets, stored separately from food stocks in the basement or cellar at a temperature of + 2 ° C.A month before planting, the queen cells are transferred to a room with a temperature of + 5 ° C.
At the end of March - the beginning of April of the following year, they begin preparing their mothers for planting. They clean the rotten roots and cut the head into a cone so that the base diameter is 12-20 cm. To grow the stumps before planting in the ground, they are kept in the light for 2-3 weeks, put them in a pile, rooted inside, pereselya humus. It is necessary to ensure that the planting material during this time does not dry out, does not freeze or froze.
Under the landing of queen cells, areas are withdrawn from which the snow comes off before anything else. Even in the fall, such a site during digging is fertilized with manure at the rate of 4-5 kg / m2.Compost can also be used. In the spring, potash and phosphate fertilizers are introduced at the rate of 10g / m2 and 20g / m2, respectively. As required produce nitrogen fertilizer( 15 g / m2).
The correct time for planting the testes to the ground.
The deadline for planting is the end of April. .Before planting, the roots of plants are coated with a creamy mixture of mullein and clay. Planted in the hole, located at a distance of 60 cm from each other, under the very heading. Plants are watered and pritenyat first time from the sun, and also protect from frost. Caring for the testes is the same as for planting other vegetables: weeding, watering, loosening, feeding.
After two weeks, rooted plants are freed from the remnants of old leaf blades and petioles in order to avoid rotting. When flower stalks develop, they produce a garter for supports. Colorless and diseased shoots are removed.
Excess flower stalks also cut off. Flowering lasts about a month.
The seeds in the fruit-pod ripen a month and a half after the end of flowering. The seeds are harvested without waiting for the full ripening of the fruit, otherwise the very first ones will be lost after spilling from the pods. Up to 50 g of seed can be harvested from a single plant. The seeds extracted from the pods are dried and placed in storage.
It is not so difficult to grow a good crop of white cabbage and get high-quality seed material for the next year, you just need to carry out all the agricultural equipment of this garden crop. Our advice to help you.