Symptoms and treatment of dangerous bee diseases

Diseases reduce the bee productivity of , reducing their activity, which leads to mass death. Protecting the life of bees, though assigned to the country's veterinarians, but the most important doctors are the beekeepers themselves.

Contents

  • non-communicable diseases of bees
    • Pollen toxicosis
    • nectar toxicosis
    • chemical toxemia
    • malnutrition or starvation
    • steaming bees
    • honeydew toxicosis bees
  • Infectious diseases of bees and their symptoms
    • Aksosferoz
    • Aspirgelles
    • Paratyphoid
    • Viral paralysis of bees
    • septicemia
    • European foulbrood
  • Contagious Diseases and Treatments for
    • Varroatosis
    • Braulosis
    • Bee-Breeze
    • Bee Amebiasis
    • Bees Acarapidosisth

Noninfectious disease bees

Noninfectious bee disease - differ from infectious in that the loss that they cause significantly higher apiary. These diseases can not be determined by laboratory diagnosis of , and the cause of the occurrence is the wrong care.

Pollen toxicosis

Nursing disease of the bees, which arises from the consumption of pollen with toxic substances.

Insects weaken, fall to the bottom of the hive and die with the convulsive symptoms of .Due to the filling of the intestines with pollen, the belly of the sick and deceased bees is enlarged and a dense brown tint appears when pressed.

To prevent the development of the disease and the death of insects, it is necessary to remove the abalone framework from the hives and feed the bees with a syrup of 0.4-0.6 liters per hive for 3-4 days.

Acid frame

For the prevention of the disease it is necessary to organize in-place sites with honey plants. This will allow filling the non-breezy moments in a certain area.

Nectar toxicosis

Non-infectious disease of bees, which are caused by toxic pollen and are accompanied by the death of insects. Comes when collecting pollen from the larkspur, fighter, Pontic wolfberry, rhododendron and other plantations. Beekeepers determine the disease and death of bees only inside the hive. When infected, the bees initially observed anxiety, then weakened and lost the ability to fly. Because of this, the wings, abdomen, paws and antennae are paralyzed.

For the treatment of , the supplement is used with 33% syrupInfected insects are collected, covered in a thin hive in a thin layer and left in a warm place.

For prophylactic and, during the absence of a bribe, mustard, phacelia and other melliferous plants are planted in the territory.

Chemical toxicosis

Intoxication of bees with toxic substances , which are used in pest control. This disease appears immediately after spraying the area in the area of ​​the bees. Infected insects crawl through the apiary, in the hives, falling from the walls and honeycombs. Observed upset stomach, liquid from the mouth, lack of food in the intestines and goiter.

Treatment of plants with chemicals

In such cases, honeycombs are taken from the hive and processed into wax. Sick insects are fed 3-4 days with syrup.

For the prevention of , bee diseases, during the treatment of fields and gardens, are taken out for 5 km and left in a cool place.

Alimentary dystrophy or starvation

Metabolic disorders due to lack of food .This ends with the death of the brood and the bees themselves. On examination, one should pay attention to young animals of a small size - their belly and wings are poorly developed. should be discarded from such bees immediately after identifying the problem, taking them outside the apiary.

In the treatment of , insects provide food - sugar syrup, honey and more. It is necessary to follow the rules of hygiene at work, the health of the swarm and the preservation of the entire apiary depend on it.

In order to protect against infection, hives must be located in a dry area, insects must be provided with the necessary amount of high-quality complementary foods.

Steaming of bees

Death of mature bees and brood due to the increase in temperature and moisture .The disease occurs during the excitation of insects that are in a closed hive, poor ventilation and crowding during transportation.

Infected, insects make a buzz, the walls of the hive and ceiling boards get very hot. Looking around the family, they find a lot of dead or dying bees and dangling honeycombs.

Steaming of bees

The treatment consists in the quick opening of the hive to give the bees a free flight of .The bottom of the box should be cleared of the pestilence and pieces of honeycombs.

For the prevention of steaming, in families leave the necessary amount of sealed, leave more space inside and prevent direct hits of the sun's rays.

Beer sick toxemia Bee disease caused by eating honey and ending in with the death of insects and brood.

With the appearance of this disease , dark brown spots of appear on the honeycombs and walls of the hive.

Paddy Toxicosis For summer treatment of , apply 1–1.5 l of sugar syrup and in the winter - honey from the herbs, or the refined sugar slightly soaked in water;hives are exposed much earlier - for a cleansing flyby and to provide high-quality feed for insects.

For the prevention of , during the absence of a bribe, the area around the fly of bees is sown with honey vegetation or taken out of the hive in a zone of abundant plantings.

Infectious diseases of bees and their symptoms

Infectious diseases of bees - a list of diseases that originate from pathogenic microbes, viruses and fungi of plant origin. The main sign of an infectious disease - sick bee families infect healthy ones.

Axospherosis

A disease caused by ascopher a, infects the drone larvae and bees of 4-5 days old.

With disease, mummified corpses of brood appear, like fragments of chalk or lime. Mature insects are not infected with this disease, but are its carriers.

Medicines are used for the treatment, as well as feeding with syrup with the addition of 10 ml of 5% iodine per liter of liquid.

For preventive measures:

  • to keep the hive on the sun ;
  • clean up affected cells ;
  • not to give downloaded honey ;
  • disinfect with 10% hydrogen peroxide and formic acid;
  • to burn the drowned cells and sea.

Aspirgelles

Infectious disease of larvae and mature bees , which leads to drying and death. The fungus of this disease is entered into the hive by bees with pollen.

When infected with the virus, the dead brood shrivels and hardens. The color fades and changes to yellow, becoming covered with black and white bloom. Initially, insects are excited, after - lose strength, and the abdomen hardens.

The treatment uses medicines , removes all the sea and treats the hive with 10% hydrogen peroxide and 0.5% boric acid. Bees give lure.

For the prevention of , insects are kept in dry hives provided with adequate food. The earth under the beehives is digged with lime, processing with 4% formaldehyde solution. All robots are held in the evening, in calm weather.

Diseases and parasites on bees cause great harm to the apiary, and can completely destroy it.

Paratyphoid

Serious infection of bee colonies by a number of bacteria. One of which is alway. The disease is transmitted from infected bees to healthy ones.

With the defeat of microbes, the stomach primarily suffers. This can be identified by drawing attention to the bee's excrement. They are made fetid and semi-fluid.

Infection of bees with bacteria of the alley

Sick bees are fed with a special medical food .This requires an aqueous composition containing 100 thousand units of biomycin or 0.2 g of chloramphenicol. It is necessary to combine 40-50 ml of solution with a liter of heated syrup. Feed give 3-4 times a day. After 5 days you should take a break.

For the prevention of , I treat the beehive with 10% hydrogen peroxide and boric acid. All the pestilence and peeled frames burn.

Viral paralysis in bees

Pathology affecting the nervous system of insects and paralyzing the entire body. The disease is transmitted from infected insects to healthy ones. Microbial transporter is a parasitic mite that settles on the body of bees.

The first signs of infection appear 5 to 10 days after infection. Bees lose their strength, which leads to death. The duration of paralysis ranges from 7 days to 3 months.

The main thing is to isolate a weakened family in order to prevent infection of the rest. The treatment is carried out as follows: is quarantined for 1 year in an apiary, the bee sea and honeycombs with frames are burned.

To prevent infection, in the early summer, bees are fed with sugar syrup, with biomycin and tetracycline. In early spring - bacterial endonuclease combined with 1 g of magnesium chloride. This mixture is treated cell 4 times every 7 days.

Septicimia

Transmitting an infectious disease that infects mature bees. The infection spreads over a couple of hours of , which leads to the death of insects.

Infected bees are first excited, then fade, slowly move, and then freeze. When a bee is compressed, it crumbles.

Septiccymia

Treatment of septicymia: bees are relocated to treated dry hives, frames with non-printed honey are removed. Boxes are insulated. Bees are fed 1: 1 medicinal syrup of sugar and water.

Before the start of the season, the hives must be treated with formic acid and hydrogen peroxide.

European Infestation

Infectious disease of open and printed brood. The source of the disease are already infected bees. After infection, insects become sluggish, and then die.

Treatment is produced by combining with distillation of families. For food use sherbet mixed with different antibiotics, 2-3 times a day.

Infected cells are disposed of, and the hive disinfected.

Infectious diseases and methods of treating

Infectious diseases are transmitted by transmission from various apiaries of infected tools and boxes of , as well as the purchase of infected queens.

Varroatosis

A contagious quarantine disease caused by the mite Varroa-Yakobsoni.

In winter, infected bees are restless and need a lot of complementary foods. You can see the pest using white paper , on which pests are showered.

Treatment methods for varroatosis:

  • Chemical is the treatment of bee colonies with special preparations;
  • The thermal method is recommended in the autumn after the release of brood.

Prevention of varroatosis:

  • anti-arrhotic treatments are carried out in the early spring of , after the hives are put into place;
  • evening treatment for families against varroatosis.

Browes

A disease in which bee families are affected by lice. Louse is a pest for bees and broods. She lives on their body, especially on the body of the uterus, while greatly disturbing them.

To use tobacco smoke. Lice from the body of the uterus should be eliminated using tobacco smoke, and it is recommended to put 6-10 g of naphthalene on top of the frame at night, and cover the bottom with white paper. In the morning all the lice will be visible.

Bee Louse( Browla)

To prevent , hives are treated annually before the show.

Beesinosis

Bee-coli disease, caused by a unicellular pest, known as .The path of infection - alimentary. Insects have diarrhea and mass death during the wintering period.

Treatment of is carried out with the help of 20.0 g of fumagillin diluted in 25 liters of pre-warmed sugar syrup. The course of treatment is 3 weeks.

For the prevention of Nosema , strong families are selected for wintering, with a large number of young stock. Drugs are prohibited, as fertilizing is poorly implemented and the drug loses its properties.

Bee Amebiasis

Invasive disease caused by parasitic amoeba Malpighamoeba mellifica. Parasites enter the body of the bee with food or water.

On examination, the bees become lethargic, have diarrhea and increased mortality.

Treatment of is carried out with the help of 20.0 g of fumagillin diluted in 25 liters of pre-warmed sugar syrup. The course of treatment is 3 weeks.

Fumagillin

For the prevention of Nozematosis , strong families are selected for wintering, with a large number of young animals. Drugs are prohibited, as fertilizing is poorly implemented and the drug loses its properties.

Acarapidosis bee

Tick infestation of bee colonies by the parasite Acarapis Woodi.

The pronounced signs of infection can be seen in early spring during the initial departure of the bees. Infected insects die, fall to the ground, pile up or crawl slowly.

Smoke medications are used in the treatment of .Smoke is best done early in the morning, when the bees have not yet flown.

For the prevention of in the apiary, quarantine is announced within a radius of 5-7 kmQuarantine is removed one year after the complete eradication of the disease.

Bee diseases cause significant losses to beekeepers, so every beekeeper must know the main pathologies that can harm his “wards”.

Useful properties and contraindications to coriander honey

Useful properties and contraindications to coriander honeyBeekeeping

. Coriander honey has not yet become widespread, despite the fact that its composition is unique.This grade is especially appreciated for the high content of iron and manganese. Its color, aroma an...

Read More
Drone milk or homogenate

Drone milk or homogenateBeekeeping

What kind of beekeeping products can a person call at once? Of course, honey. And more? Propolis, beeswax, royal jelly, zabrus, perga, pollen. .. They all differ from each other in composition, p...

Read More
Useful properties and contraindications of wild honey

Useful properties and contraindications of wild honeyBeekeeping

Wild Honey is one of the rarest varieties of this bee product. It is produced only by wild bees. The main habitat for them is - Bashkiria and some areas of the Carpathians, the Ural Mountains. ...

Read More