Samson carrots are very fond of Russian gardeners because of their taste and simplicity in care. Samson refers to the mid-season varieties of carrots.
Table of contents
- Description and characteristics of the variety
- The advantages and disadvantages of carrots Samson
- Preparing the soil for sowing
- Where can I get seeds?
- Planting Rules
- Diseases and Prevention
- Black Rot
- Brown Spot
- Harvesting and Storage
Description and Characteristics of the Variety
Cartographs of the quest of the life of the faction, and how to get the most important things to do.
Advantages and disadvantages of carrots Samson
The advantages include:
- high yield;
- unpretentious care;
- variety grown in the southern regions, and in Siberia;
- blunt end never rot during prolonged storage;
- is ideal for making juices, mashed potatoes, fresh consumption and for pickling cabbage, as the variety is very juicy and produces a large amount of juice.
The disadvantages include only one : Samson carrot seeds, due to their popularity, are very difficult to find in stores.
Preparing the soil for sowing
Carrots - cold-resistant culture. Planted in open ground at the end of April or before winter. Planted in the winter, when the air temperature drops to +5 degrees.
The soil for sowing should be loose, fertile or sandy with a neutral or slightly acidic reaction. Before sowing it is necessary to get rid of weeds.
Clayey soil forms an earthy lump when dried, which makes seed germination more difficult.
The soil should contain a sufficient amount of organic matter and trace elements, have a good drainage system and should not be very heavy.
With a lack of organic and mineral fertilizers , growth is slowed down. With an excess of organic , there is a massive increase in green mass and the appearance of the worst enemy of the root crop, the carrot fly.
Where can I get seeds?
Many gardeners ask: “Where can I get seeds?”.The first option, the easiest - in the store, the second - to grow independently.
For self-cultivation, it is necessary to plant the root crop .A medium-sized root vegetable is kept in a warm place for several days at the beginning of spring and then planted in the ground.
Vegetable gives roots and eventually throws out an arrow similar to dill, on which seeds are formed. In the fall, the arrow is cut off, the seeds are cleaned of from debris and stored for storage until planting.
Sowing can be done both in spring and before winter .For quick germination, you must follow simple rules.
Heat-treat : Wrap the seeds in a rag and dip them for a few minutes in hot water, and then immediately in cold water.
This procedure allows the seeds to quickly rise and protects them from all sorts of diseases.
- make furrows, tamp them and spill them well;
- sowing is carried out at a depth of 1.5-2 cm;
- distance between seeds - 2 cm, between rows - 20-25 cm;
- after sowing, the seeds are immediately covered with earth, so that the soil does not dry out, and they are well spilled with warm water, by sprinkling.
The Samson root crop is not whimsical to care, but, like other plants, needs constant watering of the .
Weed removal should be carried out only after watering.
Thinning and weeding is done twice per season. If you do not adhere to this rule, the carrots will be ugly, and the harvest is pitiable.
The first weeding of the is done when shoots appear. It is convenient to do this with tweezers. Before the procedure, the beds are spilled and pulled out of the seedlings strictly upwards, leaving a distance of 2-3 cm between them.
The second is carried out by 20 days after sowing the seeds, when the plants grow 7-8 cm. Thinning is best done in the evening or in the morning.
Diseases and Prevention
Common carrot diseases include:
Fungal disease - a stalk fork is damaged, forming gray-brown spots. Necrotic spots make the stem brittle and dry. From the tops of the fungus penetrates the root.
The disease is dangerous for the root, which is grown to form seeds. If the disease is not recognized in time, the fungus infects the whole bed of seed plants.
Phosphate and potash fertilizers reduce the risk of all fungal diseases, and an overdose of nitrogenous fertilizers - contribute to the appearance of phomosis.
The disease is caused by the fungus .The disease occurs when the weather is wet and hot. Black rot leads to a decrease in sugar and keratin in carrots. The plant dries up, and the root grows small and ugly.
The disease spreads rapidly with air humidity of 85% and air temperature above +20 degrees. The treatment consists of in the treatment of plants with a solution of "Falcon" and "Prozaro" .
The first signs of the disease can be found on the tops. The leaves become brittle and become a dirty-brown color. The disease leads to rotting of the root.
Prevention of all diseases:
- planting carrots in its place can only be at the onset of four years;
- infected plants are immediately burned;
- before planting need disinfection of seeds;
- spraying of plants with the “Immunocytophoto” or “Epin-extra” solution;
- timely feeding plants;
- testes need to be taken only from healthy plants.
Harvesting and storage rules
Samson Carrots should be collected only in dry weather, when the diameter is at least 1 cm in diameter. In the autumn, before the start of frost, the entire crop of is harvested. The tops are cut at the level of the head of the root.
The optimum temperature for long-term storage is +1 degree .Carrots are placed in boxes, sprinkling each layer of wet sand. Care must be taken to ensure that the vegetables do not touch each other.
With the proper preparation of seeds for sowing and following the rules of care, Samson carrots will delight you with their rich crop and taste.