The source of the water supply of your house is a well, which is located directly on the plot? Would not it be great to build a stand-alone water supply, not to go with a pail several times a day. Or you have already thought about how to equip the water from the well in the country on their own, but do not have the proper experience and do not know where to start?
We'll show you how to hold the water in the house and that the need for this. This article shows the basic scheme of the automatic delivery of water from the well, the process of implementing such schemes in stages considered.
With the help of a pump station and modern building materials, you can try to build their own water system. The assistance to the description we have given step by step photos that describe in detail each of the stages, maintenance recommendations for plumbing and helpful videos about the rules of work in the home.
The content of the article:
- Benefits of autonomous water supply
- Scheme suburban sump aqueduct
Selection of the water supply method in house
- What pump to prefer?
- Advantages of pumping stations
- Water supply for seasonal operation
Instructions on the device supply
- Step # 1 - determine the requirements of the well
- Step # 2 - find out the nuances of laying pipes
- Step # 3 - carry out internal wiring
- Terms of service water supply
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Benefits of autonomous water supply
Residents of big cities, not puzzled problem of the private water supply may be surprised to learn that the well water supply system has many advantages.
The largest contained as a liquid. It has a purity of virtually spring - in its structure completely absent harmful impurities such as chlorine or rust.
The second advantage comes to saving the family budget - you are free to use the natural resources, without paying monthly receipts.
And a nice bonus - control over the operation of the system. For example, you can independently adjust the pressure or to lay pipes to the garden plots or flower garden.
At its simplest the water supply circuit of the well installation shown in place of the storage tank: it is mounted in the upper part of the house, under the roof
Many doubt the wisdom of the water supply from the well to the house, arguing that water from a well system It would be much more effective.
Maybe, but having on the territory of the villa strong, deep well with sufficient water level, there is no need to drill a well for the following reasons:
- clearance permits for artesian well category, drafting and drilling works are time consuming;
- the cost is high and suits far not all (about 130 thousand. rub. per hole to 30 m);
- arrangement of the well system a little easier (especially the old version);
- the presence of the well does not require permission from the state authorities.
If you need a small repair or cleaning of siltation, effort and money it will take a lot less than the borehole cleaning.
At the time of a power failure there is always a backup plan - a bucket on a rope or a special lifting mechanism (narrow borehole does not allow the use of improvised devices).
Apparatus wells or artesian wells depends not only on homeowners desire, but also on the depth of the aquifer and the composition of soil
There are a number of difficulties, but they can be solved. For example, an old wooden structure eventually become worthless - it is better to replace concrete rings.
If the building has lost tightness and passes into the vadose and domestic waste water, it is necessary to make capital grout on both sides, inner and outer.
Scheme suburban sump aqueduct
To submit a scope of work, we explain the scheme of autonomous water supply all over - from the source to the water points.
The main mechanism for pumping water - submerged or surface pump. Immersion variant is at a sufficient depth, but not at the very bottom (not closer than 50 cm).
It hung on a strong rope, which is attached to the electric cable. In addition to the electric wire connected to the pump tube, through which water enters the house.
The pump and the in-house equipment connected by pipes. The shorter the distance between the extreme points, the better the performance of the pumping station
Inside the apartment building set wiring to water to the various points. The "heart" of the system is the boiler room, where usually set accumulator and boiler.
Accumulator control water pressure, via relay produces a pressure balance and protects the structure from hammer. For the performance can be monitored on the pressure gauge. drain valve mounted in the lowest point is provided for conservation.
Of broiler extend communication to the water intake points - the kitchen, the shower, etc. In buildings with permanent residence is established boiler that heats water for use, and the system heating.
Options for building schemes set their assembly depends on the needs of the homeowner. To chart, it is easy to calculate the cost of technical equipment and building material.
Step 1: The easiest way to devices well on a suburban area - the construction of the mine of concrete rings
Step 2: The easiest way to build a mine while immersing the rings into the ground. To do this, break ground under the walls of the rings
Step 3: rolled away the soil is loaded into buckets and removed from the mine. For boulders extraction using chains and cables
Step 4: The rings can be moved to the place of installation by rolling, but is easier to use the lifting technique
Step 5: If you can not use heavy machinery, you should build a tripod with a block at the top, through which the slack cable for mounting rings
Step 6: After the construction and strengthening of the walls of the mine settling bottom and headroom. At the bottom it is necessary to arrange the bottom filter
Step 7: To automate the delivery of water from a well established automation unit and the tank is in the house
Step 8: The final stage - finishing well tip, setting a closing cover or a house above the mine
Concrete rings for wells
Digging a well with their hands
Removal of soil and boulders from the well shaft
Transportation of concrete rings
Setting ring with a tripod
Bottom filter for the well shaft
Automation of water supply from a well
Construction of the well tip
Selection of the water supply method in house
The choice of equipment for delivering water from the source to the user depends on many factors, e.g., number of residents, the draw points or owners needs.
Suppose domiciled family with a small child spends a lot more water than a retired couple. Analyzing the situation is selected or a conventional pump or pumping station.
What pump to prefer?
There are two types of pumps: submersible and surface. Factor that plays a major role in the selection, - the depth of water in the well. For shallow tank surface is appropriate mechanism.
Its area - up to 8.6 m (at least - up to 10 m). The equipment is placed on the surface. Sometimes, in order to increase the depth of an ejector equipped with suction.
To install the pump surface should choose protected from precipitation space (caisson roof portion under the well), or to build a casing of a waterproof material
An example of surface of a centrifugal pump is fiscal model domestic brands "Vortex". it is not necessary for the maintenance of residential houses, but quite suitable for water truckers coming on weekends or on vacation.
Models of this type most often used for watering the garden or the garden. This pump is ideal for shallow wells with slow recovery. More powerful units are capable of delivering 3 thousands lei / h.
If you plan to equip more of a system, pay attention to submersible pumps. They have a high performance, emit less noise and save energy.
Power submersible device depends on the dive depth. Pit models are inexpensive, 2-3 thousand on average. rubles, but you can find even cheaper -. 1500 rubles, for example. Olsa brook.
Popular brands available, sufficiently powerful, easy to repair and replace, for example:
- QUATTRO ELEMENTI;
- Olsa Brook;
Inexpensive submersible models have an average productivity of up to 1500 l / h. pump is suitable for a small holiday home IVC-240 Zubr or any equivalent.
The maximum capacity - 24 liters / minute, enough to smoothly provide several draw-off points.
Maximum height - 60 m, that is, the pressure will be enough to deliver the fluid from great depths to the second floor or in the attic. Zubr is equipped with an upper fitting, and therefore protected from random sampling of sediment.
Installation of submersible pumps with upper and lower water wall has the features: on the lower suction opening recommended to install protection against sand filter
Submersible models are easily "digest" mechanical particles up to 2 mm in diameter, may serve as the drain of equipment if necessary.
To protect the water system with pumps installed monitoring devices - gauges and pressure switches.
Another device - Dry-running sensor - protects mechanism, stopping its operation, when the level of water tightness or pipes.
When choosing the pump, be sure to read specifications and installation instructions - technical information will help you decide whether your requirements model.
Advantages of pumping stations
If you do not want to constantly include-off equipment and depend on the power surges, instead of the pump purchase pumping station - the unit for those who like comfort and stability.
hydraulic accumulator (Also water tank or damper) provides constant presence of water in the network, and the additional control device and operate the pressure house or emergency shutdown.
The diagram shows the main parts of the pump station, other than them may be present manometer, ball valve, strainers and Hepa
Pumping station is better to install in the basement, basement, utility room - this makes it easier to connect to a power source and dismisses elektromagistrali pads.
If necessary, pull cables over long distances use three-core copper wires with cross-sections of one and a half millimeters.
Locked in a polymeric corrugated cable buried at a depth below the seasonal freezing. To protect them from accidental damage, covered with sand and gravel.
If close proximity to residential areas, with the purchase of select model with minimal noise. The flow of water through the pipes to the tank pressure switch controls.
The device works in such a way that even an unexpected power failure, a provision of about 1/3 tank.
Choosing one or another brand, pay attention to the following characteristics:
- power - 250-1400 watts;
- performance - 1500-4000 l / h;
- depth - from 8 m to 50 m;
- volume the buffer tank (60-80 L).
For economical embodiments include brand Vortex Belamos, Akvarobot, to household stations midrange - Gardena, Jumbo, most are expensive and quality Wilo, Karcher, Grundfos.
Pump station MARINA APM200 / 25 - Great for supplying water from the well. Specifications: volume - 3000 l / h, power - 2300 W, depth - 35 m
Before you install running water from a well, you try to buy the most protective mechanisms and devices.
For example, the filter prevents clogging and protection relay - overload. automation unit controls the operation of the plant as a whole, check valve It allows water to move in one direction only,
That the unit is not knocked to the irregular power supply, do not forget the voltage regulator.
Water supply for seasonal operation
The house for permanent residence water supply device from the well to the house with his own hands must be carried out based on a number of technical requirements. For example, the pipe must be buried in the soil to a depth that exceeds the depth of freezing.
If this requirement is not met, with the first frosts the system of water supply to the house fails. Used for thermal insulation multilayer pipes conventional heaters, for example, Kit + mineral wool geotextile.
All changes dramatically, if most of the year the system is in conservation. Coming a few weeks, you set the pump with flexible hose and connect it to the internal wiring.
Thermal insulation is not necessary, as even in northern regions summer temperature does not fall below 0 ° C.
It is important to provide a device that is responsible for the discharge of water at the time of departure. In most cases, a simple drain valve, which is mounted around the check valve, the bottom of the horizontal pipe. If water is not drained, it will freeze and destroy communication.
Water heater in the preservation period is also in need of complete liberation from the water. To drain the hot and cold water two separate crane provided
Those who need water for watering the garden and a summer shower, even simpler: it is enough to connect the pump-up construction of pipes and hoses. analysis point can be installed in any convenient location for use of the garden, the garden, on the lawn near the house.
Before leaving the construction disassembled, dried and removed together with the pump in the back room - until the following warm season.
Instructions on the device supply
System to work efficiently, smoothly and does not require frequent replacement of components during installation you need to think about each step. Try to figure out what you need to pay special attention.
External water supply branches operating all year round, is laid below the seasonal freezing of soils in construction area
To check availability and to identify emergency situations outer line equipped with manholes
Internal wiring is arranged on the common technological principles applicable for both standalone and centralized systems
By pipes and risers supplying water from a well connected sanitary devices and equipment for heating water
The outer part of the water supply system
Construction of external water supply
Internal wiring independent water
Connection plumbing fixtures
Step # 1 - determine the requirements of the well
The flow of water in the simplest version, with a pump and a hose can be arranged from any of the well - concrete, wood harvested from rubber tires. Everything for a stable system operating for years, need serious training.
Suppose that in the country pit of concrete rings - the most popular option that many people choose because of the affordable price and easy installation process.
Sealing and insulation of concrete well rings must be made in the construction process - no need to pump out the water, it is easier to seal the joints and seams
First you need to take the following actions:
- sealed seams;
- provide external protection - drainage and thermal insulation;
- equip the bottom filter.
For exterior sealing roll materials used, deep impregnation and concrete mixture for internal - waterglass. For sealing the connecting portion of the rings used ropes made from natural materials or self-adhesive tape Rubber Elast.
To prevent displacement of the rings under the frozen, winter, increasing in the amount of soil, an upper part (not less than 2 m) ditch, wrap film or thick waterproof geotextile.
Then the shaft outside obkladyvayut thermal insulation materialAnd then a trench around the well is filled with a thick layer of sand (40-50 cm) and arrange an earthen castle.
To protect from sedimentation satisfied bottom filter which should stabilize the base, but pass water.
Recommended use Dorn - robust geosynthetic material, for which reliability is filled gravel layer (10-15 cm). The edges of the material are fixed circumferentially galvanized steel ribbon on dowels.
Step 1: Pit shaft must be protected from negative external influences. For the isolation of the outside barrel barrel dig around
Step 2: If the well does not need insulation film deposited on the wall or surface waterproofing (left). If the insulation is carried out, first wrap insulation, waterproofing and then (right)
Step 3: The foundation pit with concrete a well filled with sand, clay top crumpled
Stage 4: Within the shaft connecting joints treated with a waterproofing composition for protection against damage and penetration vadose
Obkopka the well shaft
Insulation of a concrete pit trunk
Filling the pit with water well
Waterproofing inside the well
Step # 2 - find out the nuances of laying pipes
Cast iron and ceramic products are gone, water is easiest to build an easy and wear-resistant polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene (HDPE) pipes for outdoor application.
Both varieties tolerate well temperature drops sufficiently resilient to withstand the mechanical stresses. Interconnect them can welding machine or fittings.
HDPE pipes for plumbing devices interconnected via tees, compression fittings, clamping joints, butt or electrofusion
Recommendations on the choice of diameter:
- section of 25 mm is used exclusively on short pipe branches, a maximum of 10 m;
- for the 30-meter communications products fit with a diameter of 32 mm;
- if the line is greater than 30 m in length, you must use the 38 mm cross section.
Given the additional pressure produced by a pump, pipe having a diameter less than 32 mm in general not used.
The procedure for laying pipes as follows:
- tearing trench (Depth depends on the seasonal freezing level characteristic region soil plus 30 cm);
- at the bottom arrange dense sand bed thickness of at least 20-30 centimeters;
- laying pipe, Attachable to the source and the pump;
- We are testing - feeding for 1-2 hours under pressure and without it;
- We produce sand filling - 15-20 cm;
- fill the trench with soil, Flatten.
When laying a pipeline above the seasonal freezing of the heating cable is applied. Automatic adjustment and power outages must be separate (4-5 A).
At the same time monitor the slope of line - it should be the reverse, that is directed to the well. Thanks to him, in the case of preservation made draining.
Step # 3 - carry out internal wiring
Installation of internal pipes can be produced in two ways: a consistent and collector. The first is suitable for homes with little simultaneous use indiscriminately points.
Extend from the main pipe to branch cranes, and if the right to use the point 2-3, the pressure will weaken. When the collecting process each point of use has a separate liner, so the pressure level remains the same.
The circuit wiring of internal water can be simple or complex (as pictured). The number of units, parts and the connecting elements depend on the purpose of the water supply system
Start layout - in a sleeve embedded in the foundation of the house, which entered the outer pipe, the shut-off valve is installed. Further, the pipe leads to the pressure accumulator.
The pressure gauge will attach the brass fitting, it is used to set the pressure switch. Together with the nozzle is necessary to fix the filters. If instead the pump station delivers the water pump, it is necessary to install a storage tank.
Terms of service water supply
A correctly installed system is faltering rare, but preventive maintenance and inspection can prevent some damage.
To do this, we recommend that the following system components:
- pump - monitor the operation of the pump in time to clean it and replace the consumable items, such as rubber seals;
- pressurization - when changing the composition of the water to check the sealing of the well (perhaps entering surface water);
- pressure - monitor the pressure in the system (rate - from 2.5 to 4 atmospheres);
- filters - use filters that purify the water from the large particles and impurities than prevent mechanical damage to equipment.
Process Automation allows you to control the system even when your absence. In case of sudden changes in pressure or drying suorce emergency stop relay station operation.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Videos will help you to choose the technical equipment and the method of water supply installation.
water supply system from the well and heat on the basis of condensing boiler:
How to choose and assemble the pump station with his own hands:
How to make water supply in the country with their own hands (equipment inside the house):
Guidelines are given for reference, plumbing device process is described in general terms. Made by individual project must be based on concrete data, and the choice of equipment to do only after studying the instructions.
After getting acquainted with the material have questions about how to arrange the water from the well? Please post them in the comments to this article. Also you can share with our readers own experiences arrangement of water supply to the cottage or its use.