Contents of the article:
Succulent plant, native of Madagascar caught in Russia, has come to Russia, and it likes to care for kalanchoe -
Kalanh in translation means health. The leaves of this foreign plant rescued the sailor from the tropical fever, and he grabbed them on the road. Care Kalanchoe at home is not very complicated. He became a resident of the Russian window sills for decoration. The plant belongs to the family of bollard, is a relative of radioli and stonecrop.
Reproduction and care of the plant
In order to grow Kalanchoe, you need to stock up on soil that suits these natives of dry areas. The earth should have a little acid reaction, and be light. An ideal composition for Kalanchoe will be a composition of equal parts of leafy land, peat, brick dust, sand and pieces of birch coals and pebbles. At the bottom of the dishes fit the drainage layer, and a small glass is filled with the prepared mixture. Suitable purchase soil for geraniums. The same composition will be required for a Kalanchoe transplant after purchase.
For propagation, use the prepared mini-plant cuttings and separated from the leaf blade.
- Put the baby on the prepared substrate and sprinkle the base with the ground.
- Wash daily with a drop of distilled soft water for two weeks.
- Having noticed the growth of seedlings, stop watering daily and do it a little once a week.
The cutting is performed by selecting the apical segments. At the same time, cuttings kept in water for rooting grow worse than in wet sand. For rooting creates a greenhouse with a microclimate, while the sand moisturize. After the roots appear, the plant is planted in a container. Pots for planting are selected taking into account the fact that every year you need to transfer plants into a large 1-2 cm capacity. In a week, it will be noticeable that the plant has gone up.
When transplanting, you need to very carefully pull the flower out of the container - because it has very fragile leaves and stems. Is it necessary, and how to transplant Kalanchoe at home? With presales, the plant is stimulated to bloom, the earth is depleted and transplantation is necessary. Replant Kalanchoe need to pot larger than the previous 2-3 cm in diameter.
Flower Kalanchoe how to care and what loves
Good lighting without direct sunlight in summer will provide the plant with good chlorophyll photosynthesis. In this case, the direct sunlight of the summer sun is destructive for him. The winter sun does not burn so much, and in winter the plants can stand on the south window. Leaving Kalanchoe in the shade with poor lighting is not recommended, it inhibits the plant. Flowering can not wait.
For abundant bloom from August to December, it is necessary to shorten the light day of the plant to 10 hours in bright light, that is, to create a Madagascar summer. From 8 to 18 hours the plant is in bright light, the rest of the time is under a cap or in a closet. Such conditions in the dormant period will help achieve a long abundant flowering. There are other techniques, how to care for Kalanchoe at home to achieve flowering.
- Watering once a month with fertilizers for flowering plants and cacti In August, increase the proportion of phosphorus in fertilizer mixtures.
- Temperature range within 18 degrees during the rest period.
- Pruning of plants at the beginning of the dormant period, in August.
- Compliance with plant care cycles: in the spring, transplanting and top dressing, in the summer, activization of growth, in the fall, a period of rest and pruning.
The fresh air of the balcony, the airing of the apartment is pleasant for the flower. Therefore, often all summer Kalanchoe decorates balconies with its greenery. It blooms in winter. Water the flower regularly, but not abundantly. It tolerates drought better than waterlogging. In winter, watering is carried out less than twice. Dust from the leaves is cleaned in the shower once a month or with a damp cloth. Spraying this flower does not like, and the leaves with pubescence absolutely do not tolerate moisture. Water is used only defended soft.
Stems and Kalanchoe leaves covered with a waterproof film. Therefore, in nature, these plants are used as a source of moisture in the desert. The juice of the plant with a pleasant sourness, well quenches thirst. Mash leaves Kalanchoe rub their skin from dehydration in the heat. Temperature range of plants from 15 to 25 degrees.
Pruning mentioned in plant care measures is very important for decoration. How to cut Kalanchoe at home with care, you can understand, knowing the meaning of the operation.
- Only after flowering has ceased, they begin to form a beautiful crown, removing the old peduncles and links of dried shoots with a sharp, disinfected razor.
- Pruning is carried out in August, with the onset of the dormant period.
- Reduce daylight, reduce temperature and watering until December or the appearance of buds.
excessively. In this case, the petioles can be used for rooting.
Who and what interferes with plant health
All problems can be divided into physiological diseases, diseases and pests brought from outside without proper care. At the same time, weakened by insufficient care at home, Kalanchoe, is vulnerable.
Some causes of weakening of a plant are clearly defined. So, if the leaves become pale, thin and elongated, it means that the flower lacks light. If, after flowering, the plant has stopped, does not develop, is depressed, it needs transshipment to a higher capacity and fertilizer. In the heat the leaves die off, when they begin to overflow, they begin to turn yellow. If the appearance of the flower speaks of prosperity, but there are no flowers, it is a re-feed
The pests that plague Kalanchoe are scale insects, spider mites and worms. Moreover, such pests can completely destroy the plant. Using a special stick for home plants "Doctor Verm", which is stuck in the ground, will help protect the flower from pests. But the application of cleaning with a toothbrush with the subsequent use of Aktara, Aktelik, Spark and similar insecticides will help.
Disease can cause mold on warm, moist earth, in the chill - powdery mildew, root decay. At the same time it is necessary to use fungicidal preparations.