Although today specialty stores offer a myriad of unknown cultures, it’s not worthwhile to take an indoor-looking palm tree of an unknown type without regard to common sense. After all, the main problem faced by lovers of exotic plants is the rapid growth of the southern beauty and the complexity of its content in the middle lane.
Descriptions of indoor species of palm trees with names and photos will help to make the right choice for the grower, who has decided to decorate the house with a large plant with one or more trunks and luxurious feathery or fan-shaped leaves.
The date is considered to be the most famous and accessible variety of home palm.
It would seem that it is simpler to plant a bone from the eaten sweet fruit, and after a while, your own palm tree will appear in the house. And in fact, with patience, you can see the seedlings emerging from the bone and grow a tree. But it’s not enough that it’s impossible to wait for the fruits to appear at home, and the palm of the date palmatus grows in a few years so that it will be difficult to keep it indoors.
It is much more compact and better adapted to growing for home conditions, another palm tree of this kind. Phenicia Robelen in height does not exceed 3 meters and sometimes bears fruit.
The feature of the date palm depicted in the photo is the ability to form several trunks.
Another well-known type of home palm is fan-shaped Washington. Among flower growers, two plants enjoy the most attention: Washington filifera or yarn-bearing and Washington robusta, strong.
Indoor palm trees are famous for large finger leaves and fairly easy adaptability to the content in the room. Washington DC
is a North American species that is easily recognizable by the peculiar "beard" of dead foliage from adult plants. When the leaves dry, they do not fall down, but fall down, sometimes practically hiding the trunk.
Washingtonia Robusta is a Mexican variety, more compact than its relative from the USA.
The only disadvantage of the room palm pictured in the photo called Washingtonia can be considered its rapid growth. After 5–6 years of growing indoors, she will need to find a room more spacious for her.
The feathery leaves of room palm Howey - the main, but not the only advantage of a plant from islands off the coast of Australia. Numerous varieties of this plant take root well in the room, endure the lack of light. At the same time the foliage is not paler and does not dry, remaining dense and green even with excessive dryness of the air. Plants are almost not affected by spider mites and other pests. Such endurance predetermined the popularity of hovey as a plant for office and public buildings.
This home palm tree grows slower than the rest, and the emerging young leaves can be recognized by the almost vertical position inside the crown.
The Asian variety of home palm, like the previous species, is unpretentious and is not afraid of drought. But with a lack of light, it loses its decorativeness and begins to be capricious.
In a room culture, several species of rape are grown.
Rapis excelsa or high does not like to be under the scorching rays of the sun, at home it grows slowly and often planted in pots in several pieces so that the resulting curtain acquired volume.
Rapis multifida or multi-cut differs from the previous variety in the size of the leaf plates and the number of long green fingers in them.
Potted plants today also grow variegated plants, the green leaves of which are decorated with light or almost white longitudinal stripes.
Mexican, homemade palm in nature is found in fairly humid forests, where plants are well protected from cold winds and the scorching sun. However, Hamedorea adapts well to dry flat air and growing in a pot.
A slow-growing variety with a single stem and drooping feathery leaves is planted in containers of several pieces. Under room conditions, spider mites can be affected, and during the summer holidays in the garden are often attacked by leaf-eating pests and slugs.
Around a dozen varieties of home palms are grown in culture, which differ in size and shape of foliage, as well as some nuances in the care and reproduction.
One of the most unusual palm trees in the genus is Hamedorea metallica, whose leaves are not divided into separate feathers and have a characteristic gray or metal glow.
The peculiarity of all indoor palms of this genus: with poor care, their leaves become brown or brown.
Having seen the split feathery leaves of this palm, it is already impossible to forget their unique look. Due to this form of foliage, the indoor palm in the photo was called the fishtail.
A native Asian species likes the sun, when grown in a room, if the plant is regularly fed, does not notice the lack of soil. But dry air leads to a decrease in the intensity of the color of foliage and to attacks on plants by pests.
Most often, a mitis or mild karyotic gets accustomed at home. This plant forms several stems, the tops of which are decorated with lush sultans of leaves.
But sometimes in the flower shops you can see another kind of home palm. The carotid urens or stinging grows in one stem. In young specimens, growth is slowed, but reaching a height of 1.5–2 meters, palm trees catch up and quickly grow.
Fan liviston indoor palm tree is growing rapidly, does not require special care, but with increased dry air, the characteristic feature of the plant. The long, drooping tips of the foliage noticeably dry out.
Most often in room conditions you can see liviston chinensis, Chinese. Although the plant is not characterized by rapid growth, after a while, even with regular transshipment into larger pots, it does not have enough strength to grow indoors.
Another species grown indoors is Livistona saribus. Finger leaves of this variety are not so long, and palm trees themselves are more compact.