after landing in the groundForms fragrant flowers bells love and amaze imagination. This is Brugmancia, planting and care in the open field for which they require attention and time, but all the work necessarily pays off.
Perennial exotic culture, for the shape of flowers called "angel trumpets", in nature has the appearance of a large evergreen shrub or tree. In Russia, because of frosty winters, which are destructive for the plant, growing Brugmansia in open ground is possible only in the warm season. Already at 5–7 ° C the leaves begin to fall off. When the temperature approaches zero and below, the ground part is seriously affected and often dies. Therefore, from autumn to spring the ornamental plant is forced to be indoors.
How to grow a brugmancia tree and care for this beautiful inhabitant of the tropical forests of South America?
Planting and caring for Brugmancia
Whether it is a sapling or an adult Brugmancia, the plant that will have to get to the flower bed in the spring has been in a state of relative rest.
With the advent of heat in the ornamental perennial, the growing season is activated. This means that the Brugmansia tree can be prepared for planting in the garden:
- If the plant was in a heated room in winter, it needs hardening. To do this, Brugmans is gradually accustomed to fresh air, day after day by prolonging the “procedure”.
- When the wintering of Brugmansia is organized in a cool basement or other room at a temperature of about +8 ° C, the plant needs to be brought to light, where its development will resume quickly.
Brugmansia is a fast-growing one, so already from April, while the tree is in the tub, it is started to be fed with a mixture with a predominance of nitrogen. This stimulates the growth of new shoots and foliage.
And when to plant Brugmancia in open ground? It can be done only when the danger of cold returns is completely passed. In central Russia, this time does not come before mid-May or in June.
There are two options for planting Brugmansia to choose a summer resident:
- in open ground, in the fall to remove the plant again and tag it with the earthen clod in a tub;
- in a large container so that the tree grows as a tub culture.
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Both, and the other method has its advantages and weaknesses. From the ground a large plant is difficult to extract without damaging the root system and drooping shoots with flowers. And in a tub, Brugmansia needs more frequent watering and frequent feeding. In addition, the roots of a flowering tree grow, and he will soon need to transplant into a container even more.
The choice of the lowest growing varieties will help save forces and maintain the decorative effect of Brugmancia longer. They are as beautiful as trees up to 3 meters high, but are more compact and need less pruning.
In order to care for brugmancia after planting in open ground was not burdensome and effective, a sunny site with a good protection from the wind is being sought for the plant. This will help create the most appropriate microclimate for a tropical guest and provide her with conditions for continuous flowering.
Equally important is the selection of suitable soil. For the growth and formation of many large flowers, the plant requires a nutrient substrate with the inclusion of:
- 1 part loam;
- 2 parts of lowland peat;
- 1 part well rotted and cleaned from coarse inclusions of humus.
The soil mixture before planting in the pot should be disinfected by calcining in the oven or spilling a thick pink solution of potassium permanganate. It should be borne in mind that for brugmansii will need a volume pot of 10-30 liters, depending on the size of the root system.
If you have to take care of brugmancia in the open field, before planting, as in the photo, the soil selected from the pit is also enriched with humus and peat is added as a baking powder, and, if necessary, sand.
Brugmancia care after outdoor planting
The main conditions for beauty and long flowering of Brugmancia are:
- availability of food for a powerful fast-growing plant;
- water abundance;
- warm weather where temperatures above +23 ° C prevail;
- no gusty cold wind;
- protection against diseases and pests.
If nothing interferes with the cultivation of Brugmancia, care for it consists in regular abundant watering and fertilizing.
The rainforest plant reacts sharply to the dryness of the soil and air, so in hot weather Brugmancia can be watered several times a day. But sprinkle the tree should be carefully, otherwise the water will damage the look of gorgeous flowers.
In cloudy and rainy weather, the irrigation schedule is adjusted so as not to cause foliage and flower buds. A potted Brugmansia garden may suffer from overheating of the soil. To avoid this, it is better to prikopat container or use tubs of their porous clay is not dark colors.
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seeds When the plant has increased its crown, it should be pushed to bloom. Feeding with high content of phosphorus and potassium will help to do this. However, we must not forget about nitrogen and trace elements. They support growth and ensure the brightness of greenery and flowers, bluebells. Feedings are carried out regularly, from the moment of landing in open ground and until September, alternating between mineral mixtures and organic matter.
The signal by which the florist will determine the need for a Brugmancia tree for fertilizers will be:
- reduction in the size of the leaf plates;
- yellow or pale leaves;
- less than before, the number of buds.
Like all plants of the nightshade family, oblong fruits are formed at the site of the withering flowers of Brugmansia. If they are not removed, the ovary will take a lot of energy, the tree will dramatically slow down the rate of bud formation.
Low temperatures are dangerous for thermophilic Brugmancia, therefore, without waiting for frost, it is removed from the ground and transferred to the room. The wintering of Brugmansia takes place:
- at an air temperature of 5–8 ° C in a dark, even basement room;
- in a room with air warmed to 10 ° C, but with light and water.
In the first case, the plant must be prepared for a change in habitat conditions, gradually reducing the intensity of irrigation.
Until the second decade of March, that is, before planting and caring for Brugmancia in the open field, the plant is cut. Such an operation will make the crown more compact, and flowering, passing on the young shoots, will provide pomp and duration.
Brugmansia inherited the “habits” of garden solanaceae: peppers and eggplants well known to summer residents. It does not form buds until branching appears on the stem.
Therefore, during pruning, such “forks” as well as small side shoots in the upper part of the crown must be left. Damaged or excessively lengthened branches should be removed or shortened. If Brugmancia on a plot is grown from a stem cutting without an upper point of growth, such a plant can be cut off a year after the first flowering, that is, at the age of 2–4 years.
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Reproduction Brugmansii and care for young plants
Brugmansiya propagated by seed and vegetative methods, often by grafting. Self-production of seeds does not guarantee the preservation of the characteristics of the parent plant.
But such a seed easily pecks up and sprouts within 7–10 days after planting. The older the seeds, the longer it takes to germinate.
Sowing in light nutrient soil is carried out from January. Until sprouts appear above the soil, the container is kept in a greenhouse at a temperature of 20–25 ° C.At the time of mass sprouting, the plants provide illumination and increased air humidity. The soil is regularly moistened, preventing it from drying out.
You can dive Brugmancia seedlings at the stage of 4 true leaves. Plants are not afraid of dredging and form adnexal roots well, quickly weaving in the amount of soil “entrusted” to them. When this happens, the seedling is transferred to a larger pot. First, nitrogen and then complex supplements help stimulate and support growth.
Grafting is the easiest and most common way of reproducing Brugmancia while caring for it in the home and in the open field. Fully or half-woody shoots with 2-3 interstices from 15 to 20 cm long are suitable for rooting. You can get suitable planting material from spring, when pruning is done, until the very autumn.
For the quickest appearance of roots, cuttings with leaf sheets removed are treated with a stimulating composition, and then they are dropped in a light sand-peat mixture or immersed in water. In terms of the hothouse, rooting may take up to three months, then the cuttings are transplanted into separate pots. Seedlings can be transferred to a permanent place when dormant buds in the sinuses wake up and grow. When caring for brugmancia after planting in open ground, it is necessary to take into account that young specimens are sharper than adults react to changes in temperature and humidity, and are also more often attacked by pests.
Growing Brugmancia at home - video