Comfortable operation of electrical appliances depends on how conveniently placed electrical outlet. It often happens that when you change the interior and the appearance of new techniques the old location of connection points scheme no longer satisfied.
To solve the problem can be their own. Let's take a closer look at how to move into a different place and what to consider when it is connected. To help home handyman, thematic material contains photos and videos.
The content of the article:
- Safety when moving outlet
- The process for transferring the connection point
Options wire extension
- Option # 1 - via terminals
- Option # 2 - fixing plastic caps
- Option # 3 - by twisting and soldering
Loop creating technology
- Selection of the necessary materials
- Fabrication and installation niche Escutcheon
- Connecting a new point
- Transferring outlet by extending wires
The conclusion of a new branch
- Shtroblenie walls and installation of "cup"
- Cabling and connection terminals
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Safety when moving outlet
Work on the transfer outlets do not pose any particular difficulties in the organization or in technical terms.
But in dealing with the elements electrical wiring it is important to ensure the maximum level of security.
When choosing a new model to be transferred sockets are guided by the purposes for which the product is intended, as well as which type of plugs will be used
With self-connection is important to follow four main rules:
- Connecting the residential electrical outlet is allowed to perform VVGng applying power cable section not less than 1.5 mm2.
- According to the NBP and GOST cable laying is permitted to carry out only the vertical and horizontal directions. Horizontal distance routes have withstood 200 mm from the ceiling, and 100 mm from the beams and cornices and vertical - at a distance of 100 mm from the door and window openings, as well as room corners.
- The devices feature at a height from the floor in the range 50-80 cm. They must not be placed closer than two feet from the radiators, steel pipes and gas stoves.
- All connections and branches of electric cable must be carried out through the designed for this purpose boxesOr the housings of electrical equipment, which include and sockets.
Before transferring the outlet to another place you must decide where undeveloped junction box, which is supplied from the "old point". It is crucial and is made of a metal conductor old wiring.
Compliance with this condition will allow to secure in the process of mounting the "point", and further, if necessary, to drive the same nail, so that you do not accidentally get on the wiring
To simplify the installation before starting work by experienced masters recommend to be preliminary scheme. This will determine the most rational option placing a connection point. Based on the scheme will easily determine the portion within which is not laid under plaster.
Knowing the layout and the basic operating parameters inside apartment wiring, installation work can be performed with minimal financial and labor costs.
If, after the transfer to a new outlet socket where it was located before, will for the furniture, then it is reasonable to make a junction box
The easiest way to install the version of the invoice and take it to the power cable in the correct section of the corrugated pipe
From the new junction box is formed by cutting grooves (or Stroebe) towards the transfer outlet and the installation of new devices
Following will only connect to the socket is put into a new place of cable. This option is much faster than the laying of the cable from the panel
The jack socket of the former
Apparatus terminal boxes
Laying of the cable from the box to Stroebe
Setting the power point in the right place
The process for transferring the connection point
There are two simple method allowing to carry out the transfer without disrupting rosettes wall finishing:
- By creating a loop - suggests the creation of a jumper from the old "point" to the new site connection.
- Through the wire extension - involves the extension of the electric line in the cavity new Stroebe.
If the newly selected place far beyond the former, it can be a full replacement of the entire line, paving the separate wire from located at a small distance the junction box. But, in contrast to the two above-described methods, the laying of new lines requires extensive repair work.
An important point: elongate conductor electrical cable need, which strands have the same section and made of the same material
choosing loopback method new socket connection, please note that this compound is very fragile to install three or more power points. In case of damage of one portion or socket is unusable all sequential circuit devices. And, according to the SAE regulations, it must not be used for powering high-power electrical appliances: microwave ovens, electric cookers, refrigerators, washing machines, etc.
Another negative aspect lies in the fact that when the two sockets single train, load current successively passes from one device to another. So when you turn to connected via jumper socket multiple devices at the same time stress for their work may not be enough.
Options wire extension
When extending the new wire connection of its ends can be accomplished by applying one of several acceptable ways. Selection of the installation method depends upon the material from which the strands and their cross-section and number of conductors.
Option # 1 - via terminals
Two of the most simple in execution method involve the use of compounds spring clips and terminal blocks. Spring terminals are equipped with a lever-type mechanism.
To perform all lived vagami bond, you need to clean up the insulation on each of them, and then insert the bare "tails" in the corresponding hole
Spring terminals can be used for both copper and aluminum conductors for. On sale there are disposable pads that can not be reversed, and reusable spring crowbars, with which you can freely divide repeatedly contact.
Terminal blocks should pick up with the inlet, the diameter of which corresponds to a given cross-section of conductors.
For switching the wires using the terminal block on each side of the structure is inserted into the free end of the conducting wires and tighten the screws
Terminal blocks should not be used for connecting aluminum cables. Aluminum - brittle metal that when tightening screw capable damaged.
Option # 2 - fixing plastic caps
This method involves the installation on the connecting cable ends insulating clamps (PPE). Plastic caps are made of non-combustible material, thus eliminating the chance of spontaneous combustion of the wiring in place of twisted strands.
Engaging caps of different colors to create a comfortable "phase" living color code switching, "zero" and "earth".
Connecting insulating clamps are in the form of plastic caps fitted inside a special spring, which holds the ends of the wires
Option # 3 - by twisting and soldering
The highest quality of all the welding method is a living connection. But its implementation must be able to work with a soldering iron.
For this trimmed cable ends to be joined, they are twisted together and dipped into the molten solder. Twisted ends dipped in the solder bath, and after cooling is wrapped with insulating tape.
Some "yourselfers" to accelerate the cooling process of soldering, it is dipped in cold water. Doing this is not necessary for the reason that the temperature difference arising on the metal surface microcracks occur, which impair the quality of bonding.
Switching of electrical wires in the junction box is most often carried out by means of soldering and assembly installation terminal blocks
Loop creating technology
Loopback method is the most secure of all options. It includes not just moving the old outlet up or down, and the creation of a new "points" in the immediate vicinity of the old.
The main advantage is the ability to daisy-chain method to connect a new socket, placing it at the appropriate area of work for the walls, and at the same time keep the old
The only drawback of this connection is that the cable from the Escutcheon Escutcheon to pave horizontally. Knowing that, traditionally, the branching to the same switches and sockets are paving vertical route, you can inadvertently damage the wire of his forgetfulness.
In addition, if the damaged one of the threads, then stop working all reaching her elements in place switching. And because fewer connection points will include a system is, the more reliable it will be.
Selection of the necessary materials
With this method, material costs are minimized.
In addition to acquiring the latest outlet for the work necessary to prepare:
- corresponding conductive section;
- plastic Escutcheon;
- punch with a crown D70 mm;
- Voltage testers;
- flathead screwdriver;
- tool for removing a braid.
The wire itself does not necessarily laid in StroebeAnd can pave the way open, using a cable channel.
To carry out the transfer connection point to the new location while avoiding procedures shtrobleniya walls, it is recommended to use a consignment model the cable channel
Escutcheon choice model depends on the base material, which is supposed to bury it. For concrete and brick walls are usually chosen plastic "glasses", and for gypsum bases - models equipped with spacer lugs.
Fabrication and installation niche Escutcheon
Before you move a hidden socket to another place, it is necessary to prepare the site for installation Escutcheon and make cutting grooves for laying electrical section. Outlining the future location of the connection point, with the help of the crown drilled hole.
For lack of such, you can use the hammer, equipped with a hammer drill or grinder. In this case, first the contour markings nasverlivayut holes, and then using a chisel cleaved fragments of the wall material.
The depth of the niche are doing so to a plastic case "cup" I was completely drowned in it, and still be a stock of 3-4 mm
submerged "glass" in a prepared niche. Through its rear wall give birth coming from the junction box electrical cable.
The concrete wall Escutcheon fixed with a plaster solution. After solidification of the product mixture from the cleaned gypsum residues, and its inner walls are rubbed with tissue grafts. Escutcheon for fixing in plasterboard or wood base "glass" is immersed in a niche done and fixed by means of lateral lugs
Connecting a new point
Having measured the length of cable required for powering a new point, one end is supplied to the terminals, the old outlet, and the second - to the contact part of the new "point". Zero phase and ground wires are connected in parallel directly to the socket contacts.
In order to prevent the insulation between conductors, each conductor is insulated in a plastic sheath. When connecting the cable must be removed. Facilitate the task will use jumper knife that is easy to removes insulation without damaging the conductor.
Work to clean up the braid should be carried out as carefully as possible, as if living is damaged or defective, it is bound to "manifest" itself in a very short time.
Zero conductor and phase conductor allowed to attach directly to the socket contacts, and the protective conductor PE only via the branch terminal via
In dealing with the PE conductor, keep in mind that, according to SEP, it is important to maintain its continuity. Indeed, in case of breakage of the grounding conductor on one of the ungrounded outlets will all other devices.
By connecting zero, phase and ground conductors, we can only fix the working part of the products in the junction box and install the decorative cover.
Transferring outlet by extending wires
In an effort to simplify the operation of transfer socket is often used a method wherein increasing wire to the desired length, and "glass" old rosette used as auxiliary distribution box.
When carrying the "points" by elongation of the conductor assembly "glass" old sockets serves as a junction box for connecting wiring
In the houses of the old buildings used aluminum wiring. But modern requirements dictate laying cables from 1.5 mm2 with copper conductors, including grounding.
Extension of electricity lines in new Stroebe impossible to implement without the partial destruction of the wall. But even under this condition, such a variant transport outlet is more preferable than a loop process.
Complete replacement of wiring - a rather expensive procedure, holding a better plan on major repairs
The procedure for extending the wires:
- Unplug rosette group, cutting down the circuit breaker on the housing panel.
- Through Voltage testers verify the absence of current in the terminals.
- With the old socket remove the decorative cover, pull out Stroebe body.
- With a simple pencil line scheduled to Stroebe pads.
- The intended punch line or doing a grinder Stroebe.
- Through the hollow crown hole for installation Escutcheon.
- By wiring line extend.
- On the site of the old mounting block mounted junction box, in the cavity of which lay fastened place to live.
- In caved set Escutcheon.
- The free ends of the elongated wire is connected to the terminals C wall unit.
- A female unit connected bury in "glass".
- On fixed socket mounted decorative panel.
When using an old Escutcheon as a junction box for the wiring capacity should avoid contact with the filler material compound.
Some artists for this purpose are cut to size "cups" cover plasterboard. First, it is attached to the front face Escutcheon with liquid nails, and then the top layer of putty is applied liquid solution.
switching wires formed by twisting the ends to be insulated by heat-shrinkable tubing, or by winding an insulating tape layer 2-3
The main mistake made by novice master - when "of extension" conductor lay back in the old Stroebe, and then his obscure a plaster solution or alabaster. However, blocking access to the compounds, they do not take into account that in case of failure of the network section breakdown and excretion quickly remedy the situation has not come out.
If we have a situation where the connection point should be moved closer to the junction box, the work even easier. After all, the wire will have a shortened. For this purpose under the mounting block unit doing a hole in the wall. Using a knife, previously paved shortened line. Installation of the product is carried out in accordance with the above recommendations.
The conclusion of a new branch
This method involves zatrachivaniya more time and effort, but provides the most secure transfer of the electrical outlet.
The method, involving the conclusion of a new line, often used in prefabricated houses, where the wires are literally walled into a concrete wall, and therefore to remove them is not possible. In this situation, simply de-energized and left in place, and for the supply of a new outlet installed separately Stroebe.
With the new branch, you will be able to transfer the connection point is not only the opposite wall, but even in the next room
Shtroblenie walls and installation of "cup"
To display the new line the first thing cut off the electricity in the room where the work will be carried out. On the wall with a ruler and pencil scheduled route, which will be laid a new Stroebe.
The chosen route by means of the gun or grinders Stroebe cut out in the wall. The depth of grooves made to be laid in its cavity is carried out after completion of the installation does not protrude above the surface.
By installing a new connection point in the target site using a punch equipped with a crown, hollow "nest" depth of 50 mm. Wall niche thoroughly cleaned from construction dust and crumbs.
For fastening plastic "cup" done inner walls coated with a layer of gypsum niche solution with the same composition of treated outer faces Escutcheon
Installed "cup" must not protrude above the surface. If the recess depth is insufficient, can be neatly cut Escutcheon rear wall.
Cabling and connection terminals
The created deepening laid cable, fixing it every 5-7 cm with plastic straps or alabaster.
After opening the terminal box, from which powers the "old point", find a place outputting connection cable with a wire going to the former outlet, and disconnect the wires. After this, dismantle the old line with the outlet. If the old Stroebe able to open, after the extraction of its wires embedded gypsum or alabaster solution.
For powering the new line end of the cable connected to the outputting new wire via spring clips or clamps insulating
Connected unit bury into the back box and fix bolts. When installing sockets and it is important to avoid backlash. Otherwise, over time it will fall out of the "nest" together with a fork.
Since the inside of the box is difficult to ensure a snug fit lived wiring desirable perform not by stranding, and by setting the terminal blocks, spring clips or plastic caps.
When laying a new conductor care must be taken to ensure that at both its ends was a small margin. He will need to create high-quality electrical connection.
Free bare wire ends connected to the socket strips of the new "point" with screw or spring terminals. When connecting terminals are guided through rule that the phase wire is mounted on the left clamp, zero - to the right. Ground wire is attached to the terminal, equipped with "feelers", which is located on the device.
Connected to the working unit mounted Escutcheon and fixed by lugs and locking screws. Mounted on top of the decorative panel.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
The video will be discussed on how to move the socket free of dust:
What to consider when moving the connection point:
In fact, to bring the outlet to a new location, nothing complicated. The main thing - to adhere to the recommendations listed in the article experienced electricians and comply with safety regulations.
If when reading the information have questions or have guidelines to help the novice webmaster to deal with the transfer of outlets, please write them in the box located below.