Content of the article:
videoclean of chemicals, and the crop is sufficient to meet annual demand. One of the most widely grown vegetables is table beet. It is impossible to imagine a garden without beet beds. Here it is only possible not for all summer residents. There are subtleties in the cultivation of beets in the country, which you need to know in order to get a tasty root vegetable with good preservation.
Agrotechnique of beetroot
A complex of activities that allows you to get the maximum number of useful elements and give a good harvest consists of certain steps:
- selection of seeds and their preparation for sowing;
- root placement;
- sowing and care for seedlings;
- cultivation of root vegetables;
- pest control;
- harvesting and preservation.
When choosing a place for gardening it is necessary to know that the place must be sunny, the land is loose and fertile. The main condition for obtaining good plants when growing beets in the open field is a rare planting with a distance of at least 25 cm in a row and between roots and at least 10 cm. The more, the better. In the cramped conditions of six acres of such places is not enough, and if you still consider that the rotation must be respected, the choice of place is difficult. There are two exits, sowing on a narrow ridge along Mitlayder or along the sides of the beds with other cultures.
Beet refers to crops as soil self-pickers. Planting beets in the same place next year is impossible; the crop will be significantly lower than other predecessors.
Depending on the seeding time and region, beet varieties are selected. For autumn planting, you can take a variety Podzimnyaya A-474.In order to obtain a cylindrical fruit there is a cylinder. There are successful varieties - Gribovskaya, Egyptian, Pablo and others. When selecting seeds, you need to pay attention to their color. If the seeds have a non-characteristic color, it means that they are already prepared for sowing.
Sowing beets and caring for young plants
Simple seeds represent a seed from several seeds in one package. In this case, it is necessary to process the seed in any growth stimulator and leave it raw for pecking for a day. Sowing of seeds is carried out at a depth of 2 cm with a distance of 5 cm. When seeds germinate, only a strong seedling should be left in the nest. In the future, as the beet is grown at the dacha, it is repeatedly thinned out for eating vitamin greens.
Soil preparation for sowing begins in autumn. The future place is well filled with compost, superphosphate and potassium chloride. Compost is brought to the garden bed. It will not be superfluous to shed a sowing site in the fall with a 3% solution of copper sulfate. This will destroy the weed spores and at the same time provide the soil with copper, which the beets need.
Podzimniy sowing is conducted in November, when the earth was already frozen along pre-prepared furrows. Root vegetables will need to be used as early greens. Storage products under-winter planting is not suitable. For winter storage, beets are sown at the end of May and later. In the heated earth, the root crop develops well and quickly gains leaf mass. Often, gardeners planted beet seedlings at a permanent place. This method allows you to get products earlier.
Particular attention in the cultivation and care of beets is given to the first stage of growth. Thinning seedlings or caring for weak plants planted with seedlings is a crucial period. It is at this point that pests and diseases can attack the plant. Therefore, seedlings should be watered, scattered with ashes or scare powders.
During this period, microbiological preparations cannot be used. The root system of cultivated plants is still traumatized and should not be affected by bacteria. Therefore, within two weeks, if necessary, use chemicals. If the cardinal measures are preferable, then the usual insecticides are used against insects during their mass appearance, and against the fungal diseases Oksih or Fitosporin in the allowed doses.
Formation of the rosette and root crop
In order for the plant to develop faster, at the very beginning after thinning, nitrogen fertilizing is given. A tablespoon of urea is diluted in 10 liters of water and fertilizing fertilizer is made on moist earth. After this, the plants gently loosen and weed, without damaging the root system.
The amount of precipitation will show how often to water the beets in the open ground. In any case, the beets need one or two deep waterings during the development. The remaining watering of the soil will support moisture. Do not overdry the soil. Root crops can become tough or cracked. But in the last three weeks before harvesting it is not necessary to water and feed the beets.
When forming a plant, it needs several dressings. When the plant is gaining a rosette, foliar feeding with micronutrient fertilizers and boric acid will be beneficial, and the same after two weeks. Twice during the season you need to water the plants with salty water, dissolving a teaspoon of salt in a bucket of water. When loading a root vegetable the size of a walnut, Agricola-4 fertilizer or potash and superphosphate fertilizers are used. Nitrogen accumulates in the beets, impairs its storage and taste, so it is not used when pouring.
Boron and salt are essential for root development. A native of the Mediterranean, beets like salty crystals brought by the sea air. Salt will add sweets to beets, and boron will save the root crop from black ulcers of fomosis.
The plant rises above the ground when it is poured. Do I need to spud beets? Unlike carrots and potatoes, the root crop does not accumulate solanine from the action of light, it does not change the taste. Therefore, spud beets do not need. When to harvest beets, depends on the weather. The roots protruding from the ground should be removed before frost or covered on cold nights.
Harvesting beets is carried out in clear dry weather. Experienced gardeners do not advise cutting the tops with a knife. The reason is that the wounds do not dry out for a long time, and the root crop leaves the moisture that is so necessary to it during storage. How to properly clean the beets video shows in detail. The main thing is to injure the skin of the product intended for storage, it is impossible. Root crops should be well dried in the shade, clean the remnants of the earth and put in the cellar. Beets are stored in the sand, in a dry box or pit.