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Nowadays for the harvest has to hardGet away, because annoying bugs, worms and invisible insects strive to spoil the long-awaited fruits of hard work. A simple way to solve the problem is baking soda for the garden. Someone may object, pointing to the many modern drugs that are sold in specialized stores. Of course, everyone has the right to decide for himself what to use to protect the crop. But before that, it would be wise to know the possibilities of this unique substance. Today, there are at least 22 ways to use baking soda at the site and in the house, to protect garden crops.
Perhaps many people know the story of the first people who lived in the Garden of Eden. They received from the Creator the task "to cultivate and store it."Trees abundantly fruited, and many vegetables grew on the ground. Although that garden no longer exists, people are still diligently engaged in farming. Just the use of baking soda on the site, which is considered a natural substance, helps to grow surprisingly rich yields.
Mealy dew is the invisible enemy of garden plants.
Many gardeners, caring for their possessions, often notice a white bloom on the leaves of fruit trees or vegetables. If you ignore him, he will turn into drops of clear liquid. The plant starts to hurt and eventually dies.
Mealy dew appears as a result of the reproduction of microscopic parasites. It is the maturation of fungal spores that causes the appearance of fluid.
Fungus affects most often:
- sheet plates;
- young shoots;
The disease in plants begins from the first days of summer, when unstable weather sets in. Hot dry heat can dramatically change the rainy season, and for microorganisms it is a paradise. To save garden crops will help the wise use of baking soda. To do this, it is enough to prepare a solution: add 10 tablespoons of soda to 10 liters of pure water. Mix well and then process each affected leaf or sprout.
For best results, the procedure should be carried out in the evening when the sun sets. Windless weather is often set at this time.
Such a simple tool helps relieve powdery mildew of such garden plants:
It was observed that the defeat of pumpkin crops with powdery mildew leads to a loss of 50% of the crop. And cucumbers grown in greenhouses are particularly susceptible to this disease. The reason - the lack of light and drafts.
In order to control the situation, at the first manifestations of the disease, it is advisable to immediately use baking soda at the site. Any delay leads to sad consequences.
Protecting grapes from gray rot
Probably there is no person on earth who would not like to feast on ripe grapes. Therefore, gardeners try to take care of the sun fruit with love. But the appearance of gray rot on the berries, which are already so eager to try, brings a lot of disappointment. There are cases when the disease affects a bunch during flowering, which leads to the loss of the entire crop. Save the vineyard, you can use a simple way - to prepare a solution of baking soda for the garden plot. At 10 liters of distilled water put 40 grams of soda. Mix thoroughly and thoroughly process the bushes. The procedure is performed every week. How to determine the appearance of the disease? There are several major signs.
Most often gray mold affects the leaves of grapes. They appear brown spots with a specific bloom, which is a cluster of microscopic parasites. If you do not treat the foliage with a solution of baking soda in time, it will dry out over time.
Often gray mold affects the gentle shoots of the vine. It appears as yellowish spots, which eventually turn into a brownish tint. Outside the spot is covered with gray bloom. It was at this time that the summer residents disinfect the shoots with a cocktail of baking soda, so as not to cause the death of woody tissues, and the vine will wither.
The disease can also occur during the growing season. On the tender inflorescences dark spots of brown color are formed, which cause their drying or premature fall.
When the gray mold hits the grape bunch, the berries begin to wilt. As a result, the crop dies before ripening. Similarly, plaque forms directly on the berries and completely destroys them.
Gray furry bloom is a breeding ground for invisible parasites. They are the cause of the plant disease.
The use of baking soda for the processing of grapes makes it possible to protect the culture from gray rot. Treat it preferably every 14 days. The solution is prepared according to the standard proportion: 4 tablespoons of soda per 10 liters of distilled warm water. Treating the plant with a sprayer.
Late blight - the main killer of horticultural crops
Late blight is one of the most common diseases of garden crops. Its main threat is the ability to move to neighboring plants. Especially often the disease affects:
- apple leaf plates;
- Castor Oil;
- some types of indoor plants.
Vegetable crops growing on open ground during prolonged rains are particularly susceptible to the disease. During this period, the air temperature does not exceed 20 ° C, which contributes to the reproduction of harmful fungi.
Late blight affects not only the leaves, fruits and shoots, but also the underground parts of the plant. A sign of its appearance - gray or brown spots, surrounded by white bloom. Outwardly, they resemble a web. Affected elements of culture begin to die off. Ripened fruits spoil, lose their flavor and taste. As a result, the entire crop is lost.
Gray-brown spots of various forms with a light green frame are formed on the infected with late blight tomatoes. And on the back of the sheet plate you can notice a whitish bloom. If nothing is done during this period, the plant will eventually die. And again gardeners can help out the use of baking soda. Therapeutic elixir is prepared by diluting 3 tablespoons of the substance in 10 liters of water. Treated plants every week.
Preventing disease is much easier than curing. Therefore, it is desirable to begin sprinkling tomatoes with soda solution 2 weeks after planting.
Premature yellowing of cucumber leaves
Often gardeners get upset, seeing how the juicy green leaves of cucumbers begin to turn yellow. Interestingly, the process goes differently. In some plants only a part of the leaf turns yellow, or simply brown spots appear on its backside. Other specimens turn yellow the entire area of the leaf plate, which leads to complete drying of the culture.
One of the 22 ways to use baking soda on the garden plot will help extend the life and fruiting of cucumbers. To do this, take a bucket of water with a capacity of 10 liters, throw back 1 tablespoon of soda, stir and water the culture. Under each cucumber bush enough to pour 0.5 liters of liquid.
It is better to do such dressing after collecting the first fruits. Watering is carried out every other day for 7 days.
Caterpillars in the garden “No admittance”
When people see a well-kept and fruitful garden, they understand that behind this is tireless everyday work. But if the owner will lose vigilance, insatiable caterpillars will come to the territory of the garden. They unceremoniously first eat the foliage, and then begin to destroy the fruit.
You can fight pests in the following ways:
- Chicken insects from tree branches onto plastic wrap or collect them manually.
- Attract to the territory of birds that actively eat the caterpillars. In early spring, hang in the trees devices for nesting birds.
- Using baking soda for garden plots to scare off the invasion of caterpillars.
You can prepare a suitable solution if you take 10 liters of pure water and dissolve 5 tablespoons of sodium bicarbonate in it. As soon as unexpected guests appear on the fruit tree, it is necessary to get down to business right away. Liberally wet all branches and leaves of the crown with a soda solution using a sprayer. For reliability, the procedure is repeated after 3 or 4 days. The effect is not long to wait.
Annoying satellites of cabbage
Nowadays one can hardly find a gardener who has never seen a moth butterfly. This gentle creature makes on cabbage leaves masonry, consisting of many yellowish eggs. Over time, they form caterpillars. First, they feed on a single leaf of cabbage, and then crawl away to neighboring plants.
It was observed that these little creatures do not like the aroma and taste of baking soda. To do this, gardeners scatter the substance in a dry form, in the early morning, when there is a lot of dew on the cabbage.
With a prolonged drought, the culture can be abundantly moistened with a watering can, and then sprinkled with soda powder.
Practice shows that the use of baking soda for garden crops brings them invaluable benefits. Caterpillars disappear in a short time, and the plant begins to gain weight quickly.
Slippery pests of gardens and vegetable gardens - slugs
In the hot and dry season they hide in secret areas of the garden where there is little light, cool and plenty of moisture. When morning comes and dew falls on the plants, slugs crawl out of their secluded places, going in search of food. Their favorite food is fruit and vegetable plants. Their diet includes:
- green leaves;
How to protect the site from these "slippery" pests? The original method is to use baking soda powder. To do this, gardeners first determine where the mollusks hide. Then they "powder" their backs, as a result of which the slugs die. In order to prevent the emergence of a new colony of pests, soda ash is scattered around the perimeter of the vegetable garden. When insects come into contact with matter, it leads them to death.
Protecting potatoes from the wireworm
When growing potatoes of huge size in the garden, it brings inexpressible joy to summer residents. But the coarse larva of a small click-click bug often affects even the largest specimens of a vegetable.
Wireworm feels great in the ground for 4 years. He eats any vegetables. But his favorite dish is potatoes.
Wise gardeners have found a way out. When planting potatoes in each well or hole, they put 0.5 teaspoon of baking soda. As a result, the potatoes are clean, without any internal damage.
Baking soda in the fight against ants
Sometimes gardeners face a problem - there are many ants in their summer cottage. At such times, the benefits they bring will fade before the harm done.
Baking soda is an excellent tool in the fight against the colonies of hardworking workers. To do this, it is only necessary to sprinkle the area of insects with substance, as ants will find a safer place to live for themselves.
Popular pest of cultivated plants - aphid
One of the most popular and worst pests among farmers is - aphid. On garden plots, it is found in different species. Fruit crops and shrubs affect green aphids, leguminous plants - black, and cucumbers, zucchini and watermelons - cotton. Summer residents, of course, do not want to share their harvest with aphids, so they “treat” it with a snow-white drink.
Prepare it from water and baking soda.4 tablespoons of sodium bicarbonate are put on 10 liters of tap water, and then stirred well. Spraying is done in the evening when the sun goes down. The procedure is repeated every 3 days. Often, a maximum of 3 treatments is enough. A simple solution to the problem and in the near future you can not recall the tl.
This fanciful bug can be seen on bushes of strawberry, strawberry or raspberry. But irreparable harm is brought by its larvae. As soon as the ovary appears on the plants, they completely destroy it. As a result, almost the entire crop of berries is lost. The use of ordinary baking soda helps to solve this problem.
In 10 liters of water, dilute 2 tbsp.spoon of soda powder and thoroughly moisten the herbs of plants. The effect is enhanced if the treated solution and the soil around the culture.
Spraying is best repeated several times at intervals of 5 days.
Extend the life of a bouquet of garden flowers
Often gardeners decorate their homes with bouquets of flowers. How I want to enjoy their beauty and aroma longer. Unfortunately, the life of cut flowers is short.
Many have noticed that the use of baking soda helps to solve the problem. If you add to the pure water of this natural substance, the bouquet will remain fresh for several days longer than usual. The optimal proportion: one and a half liters of water 1 tsp of soda. In this solution, the flowers receive not only moisture, but also water.
Soda and planting material
With the arrival of spring, gardeners diligently prepare for planting crops. To do this, they revise stocks of planting material. Some seeds need additional processing.
Baking soda is a wonderful tool for disinfecting seeds. Its antiseptic properties contribute to the destruction of microscopic bacteria and viruses, which sometimes infect planting material.
You can prepare such a “medicine” by following a proven recipe: 5 grams of soda should be put into 1 liter of liquid. The solution should be kept for at least 5 hours, after which the disinfection procedure should be carried out.
To perform the process, you must use cotton cloth or cotton pads. First, the base is abundantly moistened with soda solution. Then spread seeds on it.
Excellent soil neutralizer - baking soda
Most garden plants grow wonderfully in neutral or slightly acidic soil. Therefore, when faced with an acidic type of soil, gardeners actively apply various types of deoxidation. Not the last place in this business is taken by ordinary baking soda. If the substance is introduced into the soil regularly, the pH level will gradually decrease. Thanks to this approach, gardeners get a bountiful harvest every year. Soda powder( just one pinch) is applied to each well during the planting of young seedlings.
This simple procedure protects garden crops from the development of root rot.
Of course, before neutralizing the soil, you need to know what type it belongs to. Baking soda comes to the rescue. To do this, take a handful of earth( from a depth of not less than 20 cm), and then sprinkle it with sodium bicarbonate. If the soil is of the strongly acidic type, the reaction will occur immediately. The soda will fizz or foam like from ordinary vinegar. Such a test provides guidance for further action.
Hateful weeds in the backyard area
Many people use paving slabs to create an original landscape in their summer cottage. Cute tracks often become the hallmark of a country house. Unfortunately, hated weeds make their way through the gaps each year. Getting rid of them is not easy. With the help of the original solution, you can forget about this problem forever. It is prepared in the usual 10 liter bucket. At the bottom pour 0.5 kg of soda powder and pour water. When the mixture becomes homogeneous, it is poured over it with unnecessary greens. After 3 - 4 days weeds will die.
Mark the boundaries for the fire
Maybe someone will think: what could be common in baking soda with a fire? In fact, it helps to protect the backyard territory from fire. When in the autumn or spring, summer residents burn various trash or dry branches, they try not to leave the fire. Baking soda perfectly cope with the role of the guard. To prevent the fire from spreading throughout the territory, a small “fence” of soda powder is poured around the edges of the fire. Such protection allows you to safely work at the dacha, enjoying the fruits of their hands.
Removing unpleasant odors
Often, due to wind changes, there are unpleasant smells from a street toilet or a compost pit in the summer cottage. This causes inconvenience to the owners, as well as to the nearest neighbors. To maintain peaceful relations and enjoy only pleasant smells in the country house, baking soda will help. To do this, you must regularly sprinkle the top ball of the toilet or compost pit with soda powder.
Healthy swimming in the pool
Recently, swimming enthusiasts have installed inflatable or frame pools at their sites. To keep the water a little longer pure and not blooming, it is disinfected with soda powder. To do this, make a calculation - put 1 teaspoon of the substance on 1 m³ of liquid. Such a natural supplement will provide not only a healthy swimming, but also a few minutes of pleasure in pure water.
Clean dishes - the face of a caring hostess
Often, when they go to the country, farmers focus more on gardening. Therefore, they try to quickly eat and clean up after themselves. A long time washing dishes can take a long time, especially if you use detergents. Another thing - baking soda. Putting a little powder on the washcloth for dishes, without much effort you can remove the remnants of food and fat. Truly effective! And most importantly natural.
Relieve the itch from insect bites
When farmers want to relax and enjoy nature, they arrange friendly evening meetings. Often this happens in the yard or in the gazebo. Pleasant communication is often interrupted by annoying mosquitoes or midges. Therefore, to avoid bites is almost impossible.
To get rid of unpleasant itching, use ordinary baking soda. The powder is diluted with pure water to obtain a thick slurry. Means impose on the inflamed place for a few minutes. The procedure is repeated 2 or 3 times.
Clean hands after gardening works.
Today, many gardeners use different gloves when working on their plots. In some cases, they do not help, and dirt remains in the hands on the skin. Gum from baking soda will help to get rid of it. It is prepared in the traditional way: 0.5 teaspoonful of liquid is required for 1 teaspoon of the substance.
With a similar solution, you can clean not only your palms, but also your feet and toes.
Practical tips for using
Baking soda is an alkali, which consists of simple chemical elements. They are practically harmless. With skillful use of the substance, vegetable crops, fruit trees, berry plantations and gardeners themselves benefit.
The basic rule for preparing a solution is not to use metal utensils. The best option - enameled and glass containers. In addition, it is important to maintain cleanliness. On the dishes should not be residues of various fertilizers, plaque and ordinary dirt.
Do not prepare a solution in hot water. The temperature should not exceed 55 degrees. In order not to lose the valuable properties of sodium bicarbonate, the tool is used within 2 hours after preparation. In order for the soda mixture to linger on the greens of cultivated plants, 3 spoons of liquid soap or dishwashing detergent are added to the solution.
As you can see, ordinary baking soda is a wonderful helper in pest control. Helps prevent diseases of garden crops. Can act as an indicator of the soil. Excellent tool for cleaning dishes, skin of hands and feet. Protects against unexpected fires and neutralizes pool water. And all this does not require special costs.