Asian, Japanese, Taiwanese, sand, Nashi - as soon as they do not call the Chinese pear! This foreign fruit appeared on the Russian market relatively recently, but has already gained popularity due to the pleasant and unusual taste of .In addition, the Chinese pear is quite simple to grow, and its fruits have a mass of beneficial properties.
Table of contents
- What does a Chinese pear look like?
- How to choose a ripe fruit?
- about the benefits and dangers of this type of pear varieties
- Morning freshness
Modern Chinese pear originates from Yamanashi pears. The hard and tart fruit was sour and tasteless, it was not in great demand. But , thanks to the efforts of the Chinese breeders, a new type of was developed, which lacked too much astringency, but at the same time retained the best taste characteristics.
What does a Chinese pear look like?
The fruits of Chinese pear are round and dense.
How to choose a ripe fruit?
For Chinese pears, the selection criteria are the same as for other pears: taste, density, peel. It is better to choose in the market and not in the off-season, because in the market there is an opportunity to taste the fruit before purchase. The taste of ripe fruit has a slight sourness, the flesh is devoid of lumps, very juicy .The fruit must be dense, but in no case soft. Also, it should not be deformed under the fingers. The ripe Chinese pear skin is smooth, speckled, but without dark spots and even less without a trace of mold.
paper. The immature fruits often come to the store shelves, and in order for the pear to "ripen", it is necessary to hold it at room temperature. An unripe Chinese pear can also be placed in a paper bag with an apple or banana - as practice shows, “it ripens faster together.”It should be remembered that it is better to keep ripe fruits in the refrigerator, since they will quickly deteriorate in the heat, and in low temperature conditions the shelf life increases from one to three weeks.
About the benefits and harms of pears of this type
Like any vegetable or fruit, Chinese pear is a source of minerals, vitamins, water and fiber. The high content of vitamin C strengthens the immune system, and calcium is responsible for strengthening the teeth, nails and hair. Chinese pear is recommended to be eaten during pregnancy , since folic acid in the pulp benefits both the mother and the unborn baby.
In addition, the Chinese pear:
- Improves digestive system ;
- Promotes the growth of bone and muscle tissue due to the high content of phosphorus;
- Normalizes the activity of the cardiovascular system s and prevents the risk of stroke and heart attack;
- Supports cellular balance and prevents the formation of cancer.
It is also necessary to mention the low calorie content of Chinese pears: 140 calories per fruit weighing 200-300 grams. This makes the Chinese pear an ideal component of the diet.
However, a useful Chinese pear can cause significant harm to the body , if you do not take into account several nuances:
- Pear can not eat on an empty stomach ;
- It is not recommended to use the fruit together with meat or dairy products - this will cause severe indigestion;
- If is present, the individual intolerance of to a Chinese pear is to be avoided;
At present, several hundred varieties of Chinese pears are known with different sizes and tastes of fruits, different ripening periods and degree of yield. However, in Russia with its difficult climatic conditions, less than a dozen varieties became widespread. Distinctive features of these varieties are undemanding trees to soil, a high degree of yield and increased frost resistance .In addition, trees are resistant to drought and pest conditions.
The following varieties of Chinese pears are most commonly grown on the territory of Russia:
- Morning freshness
- Olympic( there are other names: Korean giant or Big Korean)
Let's look at each of them in more detail.
This is a summer variety - you can start harvesting pears in the first half of August. Self-fertile. The tree gives the best harvest if the pollinators are such varieties of Chinese pear as Eastern golden, Bronze or Kieffer. Fruiting begins fairly quickly - 3-4 years after planting .The variety is characterized by resistance to fungi and bacterial diseases; in the southern regions it tolerates low temperatures well. The fruits are small, round, weighing about 115-180 grams, the color is yellow.
Another summer variety whose removable maturity falls on the second half of July. The variety is frost resistant, resistant to pests.
The tree begins to bear fruit in the second year of .Fruits are small varieties - 130-160 grams, but very rich bronze color. The flesh is sweet, juicy.
Despite the fact that the variety is self-pollinating, the neighborhood of other Chinese pears will contribute a lot to an excellent harvest. Autumn variety, harvest begins in the second half of August.
The tree begins to bear fruit early - 2-3 years after planting. Distinctive qualities: frost resistance, resistance to pests .Fruits are bronze-brown, with very dense, but at the same time juicy sweet pulp. The weight of a pear can reach 300 grams.
A rather popular autumn pear variety of Chinese pear due to its characteristics - early ripeness, resistance to pests and low temperatures. Neither scab nor powdery mildew are terrible for this variety. The fruit begins to bear fruit in the second year with rounded fruits of a pleasant golden color with small gray specks .The weight of each fruit reaches 160 grams.
The popularity of Chinese pear in Russia is growing rapidly .This environmentally friendly variety gains a place as a quick adaptation to climatic and soil conditions, as well as the wonderful taste and aroma of fruit. If you want to plant a tree that will soon delight you with its fruits, stop your choice on the Chinese pear - you will not regret!