Cabbage for use as a product has been cultivated since ancient times. This vegetable has many varieties. Early varieties are used in salads, but are not suitable for storage, medium ones are suitable for canning, later ones do not spoil in winter. Many summer residents and farmers prefer to plant such a type of this crop as Stone Head, we will describe the characteristics and description of this variety in this article.
Table of Contentstwo decades ago. The weight of the rounded dense heads of the Stone Head approaches to 6 kilograms of , since there is no layer between the leaves.
Variety of culture is perfect for salads, vegetable salted, pickled, pickled. Since the cabbage does not crack, does not lose its taste and vitamins, you can not worry about its safety until the end of April.
On light green leaves, which are as if covered with wax, thin veins are noticeable. The heading, in which there is a lot of sugar, has a white color.
When the weather is favorable and the right care is taken, a few square heads are cut from a square meter square, the total weight of which exceeds 10 kilograms.
This late cultivar in the garden can be grown from seed, but it is better to first harvest the seedlings, which are sent to the garden after 50 days, and after 125 they head up to ripen. In the first method, the harvest is harvested a month earlier.
must be sown in the open soil in the last days of spring or early summer , when the soil warms up to 10 degrees .Sowing for seedlings is made until April 10.In the ground, where it is grown, put superphosphate and wood ash. Each fertilizer is enough for one spoon for a container in which to pour a bucket of earth.
We need to make sure that the seedlings do not overgrow, otherwise they will stretch and begin to take root in the garden. Stone head tolerates frosts to minus 5 .If it gets colder, they cover it. Heads are tied when the air heats up the to 20 degrees .
Advantages and disadvantages of the
variety Many farmers and summer residents prefer this variety of cabbage due to the fact that they prepare vitamin salads from it, put vegetables in borscht and soups, salt and marinate. They make second courses from the Stone Head, they make good stuffed cabbage leaves.
Useful substances and taste, if properly stored, are stored until the middle of spring .
cabbage rolls are well obtained. The advantage of the variety is:
- resistance to frost and drought;
- no cracking;
- long distance delivery;
- excellent yield.
Stored superbly. It is easier to care for this species than for other varieties. The only disadvantage of the Stonehead is the , the harsh leaves of the , due to which it lacks juiciness.
Slightly flat or flat-convex heads cut off at the end of September or in the first days of October .In Moldova and in Ukraine Many farmers sow stone heads directly into open soil. However, if the sprouts do not appear, it is useless to wait from the other crops.
Stone Head Most often, seedlings are sent to the ground. Two grams of seeds are placed on a square meter of soil, sprinkled so that the depth was less than 20 mm. Top covered with foil. This should be done by at the beginning of April, .
In the ground culture is planted every 70 cm. at the end of May or the first days of June .By this time, five leaflets appear on the seedlings, after the appearance of the second a hole is dug out.
Before sending cabbage to a garden bed, it is taken out into the air, where it is kept for 2 hours, so that the seedlings are hardened. In the greenhouse or greenhouse sprouts need to feed, constantly loosen the soil.
When the first leaflets break through, pour a solution with a mixture of fertilizers in the form of potassium sulphate, ammonium nitrate, superphosphate.10 grams of the first substance are put on a bucket of water, 20 - of the second, 40 - of the third. After 10 days, increasing the rate of each component 2 times, the seedlings are fed again.
The culture needs most moisture when the seedlings are placed in the ground. It is better to do it when it is cloudy and warm. is poured into the wells with a depth of 18 centimeters of humus and ash. It is advisable to add the crushed egg shell. It does not tolerate pests.
The stone head feels great on loams. It is desirable to set aside for such a culture a site in a valley where the sun shines all day. In the shade, cabbages on cabbage are not tied or will be loose. The soil should have a moderate acidity.
In order to enjoy a beautiful harvest, you should not ignore the agrotechnical requirements. It is desirable to grow cabbage in the beds, where earlier harvested legumes, potatoes, eggplants, onions. It grows well after squash, pumpkins, if they fertilize the ground, sowing rye or wheat for the winter. However, when tomatoes and cucumbers ripen next to them, then there will not be enough nutrients for cabbage.
This plant variety is not susceptible to .It is not difficult to protect the culture from pests by sowing marigolds, bitter wormwood and mint. Insects do not tolerate the pungent odor coming from these plants.
The greatest mistake of some summer residents is that for cabbage bushes, they do not find a sunny place, but are planted in partial shade.
Once every few years for a plant is looking for an new section .Young bushes with strong sun cover with pine branches.
Pour Stone Head in the morning or evening with , installing sprinklers or feeding water into trenches dug between the rows. At this time there is no strong heat, the sun does not bake.
An adult plant normally tolerates moisture under the root, watering is stopped two weeks before maturation.
Feed the cabbage 14 days after disembarking the bed with a mixture of nitrogen, phosphate and potash fertilizers. You can replace chemicals with chicken droppings at the rate of 500 grams per bucket of water.
In the summer, organic material is taken for subcortex in the form of manure .Accelerates the growth of bushes solution of brewer's yeast .
Cleaning and storage of
. is cut off in the first days of October picking up dry and not rainy weather. Cabbage, the heads of which are designed for long-term storage, clean before frost.
Stone head is used to prepare different dishes. Fresh, this variety of cabbage is used throughout the winter and spring. In the heads are well preserved trace elements, different vitamins. Folic acid improves the production of gastric juice. Juicy and sweet Stone head is used for dietary purposes.