Everyday life has long been inconceivable without technological progress, greatly simplifies life. One of these devices is considered a modern washing machine. The unit has a complex structural arrangement and even the smallest parts play an important role.
For example, the belt for the washing machine when the fault can simply stop all the washing procedure. Replace it will not make labor picking the right model.
The content of the article:
- Specificity of the belt drive
Competent selection of belt
- Differences between the drive units
- What to look for when choosing a replacement?
- Determine the failure symptoms
The main causes of failure
- Regular overload tank
- Insecure / breakage drum pulley
- Deformation and damage to bearings
- Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
Specificity of the belt drive
All components in the washing machine are interrelated and in case of failure of any element of the washing process will be disrupted or completely stopped.
Belt transmission - the connecting link between the motor and the pulley. It coordinated the work of this unit reproduces the movement of the drum when the predetermined wash course. If a set of mechanism flew or torn, the unit ceases to perform its function.
Belt drive is provided with some models of washing machines. For example, LG company manufactures products with a direct drive. The manufacturer claims that the technological method helps to reduce vibrations during operation (+)
After loading the cylindrical drum and set the desired wash program, the process is as follows:
- The rear portion of the drum, equipped with a friction pulley (visually this metal wheel), with recess over the entire circumference is engaged by frictional forces arising from the tension elastic belt.
- In the electric motor is also mounted the pulley, but of smaller diameter. A system of two rings connected to the drive belt, the main purpose of which is broadcasting the torque from the motor to the drum.
- During playback, the engine torque is achieved 5000-10 speed 000 rev / min. This figure is large enough, so is subject to reduction.
- To reduce the number of revolutions of activated light ring of large diameter, having a rigid attachment to the drum shaft.
- By this rotational transition from a smaller to a larger wheel is a weakening to 1000-1200 revolutions / min.
Significant impact on the useful power transmission belt having a tension factor. Excessive tension force promotes maximum torque translation.
Increased frictional force generated during high tension belt drive in a washing machine, it leads to a considerable overheating of moving nodes
However, it is essential not only accelerates wear on the belts themselves, but also pulleys, bearings, seals and axes with which they come into contact.
If the situation is reversed, and the tension is weak, the belt will slip on the pulleys. Frictionally engaged surfaces entails polishing movable parts involved. The consequence of this process is the significant deterioration of the clutch.
Only due to the high elasticity of the flexible drive both processes compensated for, and the motor operates in the correct conditions. However, it needs to correctly choose the appropriate model of the rubber parts.
In spite of the strong advantages of direct drive from the belt drive has a number of significant advantages. The motor unit is removed from areas of possible wet, besides, you can use small-sized motor
Competent selection of belt
The main problem in selecting a belt drive to find marked items, e.g., 1046 H7, 1100 and J4 t. D. In fact, the four numeric characters and Latin characters with the number. Accordingly, similar to the notation must be on a new part.
Differences between the drive units
Externally, these structural elements differ not only color performance, but also features the tread and a length, the number of wedges, and used in the process of production materials.
Distinguished only two main types of belt drive, but there are differences between the cross-section profile:
- monoklinovye for washing machines have a foreign production section 3 L, domestic - Z and A;
- poly (gear) for large equipment - J, for a small - H.
Visually, they can be distinguished by the depth streams. Typically, this kind of detail can transmit the most power, ie. K. A better coupling coefficient. Canned maximum power reaches 100 kW.
The number of streams in the drive toothed edge can vary from 3 to 8, paths - from 3 to 9 pieces. The distance between the strips in the J-shaped profile of 2.34 mm, an H-shaped - 1.6 mm.
If we consider the V-belt transmission in the context - it has a trapezoidal shape with a profile angle 400, and looks like a crevice several trapezia sequentially arranged on a wider side (+)
Belts outboard engines are also classified according to the type of rigidity - flexible and rigid. The first are the ideal option for new models of washing machines, t. To. The properties have a stretch.
These characteristics allow to achieve hard coupling between the engine and the tank. Nevertheless, they do not have the possibility of adjusting the tension degree.
If you use a single monoklinovy belt in this case, the motor shaft will not be a special thread for the item in the washing machine. However, this option is uncommon
Tight belts, on the contrary, almost no stretch. Before installing them need to adjust the position of the motor in relation to the tank. This variation is uncommon and can be found only on older models of equipment.
Explanation of symbols marking 1270 J3 belt drive for washing machines: belt length 1270 mm, cross-section profile of J, the number of wedges 3
length parameter is also weighty importance when selecting parts. The marking of the figure indicated by the figures in front of the cross section profile and a number of wedges.
Besides these distinctive characteristics, the drive belts are made of rubber or polyurethane. The first variation has a greater degree of strength, nevertheless it affects the stretching rate is low in comparison with polyurethane sample.
The second option easy to install but the degree of wear faster than the durable rubber products. To the desired type of belt drive, usually indicates the brand of automatic washing machine, t. To. The motor pin is sharpened under its profile.
Rubber belts are different from polyurethane counterparts, especially the color. Black rubber, polyurethane light. Rubber last longer
What to look for when choosing a replacement?
Is not always possible to read the marking belt, for example, with prolonged use encoding can be simply wiped off. In this situation, for the selection of the right fittings pay attention to the basic parameters of which on.
Primarily considered length of the connecting element. If the choice is made correctly and bought a belt will be shorter or, on the contrary, as long as the previous one, it either breaks or is permanently fly during operation. In such a case it is unlikely to fully exploit the technology.
V-belt consists of the parts: Cord - a carrier layer arranged approximately in the center gravity-section, the base - rubber layers, reaching under the cord, wrap - several layers of rubberized cloth
Also required is calculated and sectional profile - H-shaped is seated on the motor, sharpened by J-shaped. But the number of wedges necessarily take into account.
For example, belts with similar markings 1130 N6 and 1130 H7, 1276 J4 and 1276 J5 practically identical. The product with the most number of wedges will be wider. This reduces the likelihood of slipping.
In all models of Samsung washing machines are used belts with the same section and length - 1270 J. trehklinovye details with the code used to narrow technology 1270 J3For medium and wide - 1270 J5.
Determine the failure symptoms
If the belt has worn shortly technology owner will be able to notice it. However, to determine that a problem in the transmission unit is difficult, t. K. A drive fittings located in the housing art. However, you can find out the true cause of characteristic features.
Due to technological developments, most washing machines are equipped with a digital display. With the help of self-diagnosis, the user can see the code breaking and decrypt it using the supplied instructions
In most cases the equipment determines the nature of breakdowns and via the display or highlight the corresponding buttons to alert the user. Depending on the manufacturer and device modification deciphering the error code will be indicated in the instructions.
If for some reason the unit does not give a breakdown, the flying, torn or stretching part follows it affects the operation of the washing machine:
- After selecting the washing program is started the countdown is, the engine operates, but the loading tank does not produce circulating motions.
- Identical time intervals between motor audible hum and its complete stop.
- Is launched the selected wash mode, the engine operates continuously, then there is complete system inactivity without early completion of the process by pressing the cancel key programs.
- Manual rotation of the drum is carried out without hindrance.
All the above features indicate the need to replace the belt drive. To avoid a repetition of this kind of trouble, it is necessary to consider in detail the reasons for the failure, especially when it is repeated regularly.
In identifying stretching, deformation or breakage of the belt transmission is necessary to remove the rear cover and replace the worn out element
The main causes of failure
When the motor and the drum connecting link flies for the first time, this is not always the cause of serious damage. This is possible when excessive load laundry. In this case, set back strap is not difficult.
However, if the transmission is repeated slippage is not the first time, damage can be more significant. Let us examine all faults and troubleshooting details.
Regular overload tank
Quite often the main reason for the rapid wear of the gear assembly serves as linens frequent reloading. Washing machine, in which the tank is intended for loading 7 kg, calculated on regular application of the maximum possible mass. During this washing mode increases the load on the belt.
In case of violation of the recommendations manual stiralki manufacturer may have different damage, which include imbalance and belt drive
If the owner of the technology will load the drum at 25-30% less from that in the face of mass instruction, the service life of not only individual components but the entire unit will be significantly higher.
Insecure / breakage drum pulley
In simple terms, the pulley of a washing machine - a round cast-iron wheel with spokes, located behind the drum. That it is worn belt. The whole mechanism is quite primitive, but reliable and efficiently performs its functions until breakage.
Cheap models of washing machines and domestic Chinese production often differ poor quality parts. Curved pulley can be installed in the assembly process may also be noted visually metallic barb on the new part. On defective wheel belt drive is erased just after 6 washings
As the washing process is carried out by the engine through the transmission belt on the pulley turns - that broadcast node and is a weak link mechanism.
However, frequent slipping belt may be due to a malfunction of the rotating wheel. slow rotation of the drum can be seen in the process of washing / spinning.
Check wheel condition is possible without dismantling. For this to be done the following:
- It is necessary to remove the rear wall of the housing.
- Now remove the belt: for it is necessary to take the left hand, directing the efforts, and right scroll wheel, the drive itself will slide.
- Both hands come from the sides of the pulley and produce light swinging parts. So you can check the quality of the fixing.
- To exclude the probability of marriage on the surface is carried out by hand and visually inspected for deformation.
If during the inspection of any defects in the item needs to be replaced with a new were found. If you leave everything as is, then maybe the belt should be changed more frequently than once every couple of months.
To replace the drive in the first place need to remove the old copy. However, this process is not the easiest - the mounting bolt on which a pulley further processed sealant, but more on that later.
At the beginning of repairs need to disconnect the appliance from the power supply, water drainage and supply systems. Use a Phillips screwdriver to unscrew the screws that secure the rear wall.
Further, the method described above, remove the belt drive. Taking a small wooden wedge, it is necessary to clamp it to the wheel spider. It is necessary to immobilize the mechanism when loosening bolts.
Aerosol lubricant is required to eliminate the properties of the sealant, and after spraying with a bolt structure is necessary to wait for complete dissolution of the sealing compound
For loosening the central screw is required to heat it to redness using a blowtorch. Then, the handle fastening element of the lubricating composition, e.g., WD-40 or similar technical aerosol.
After a short period of time to apply our bolt wrench and unscrew it a little shoving a hammer.
Here is the completed process of loosening the drum pulley. However, not all in this repair is considered complete. In some cases, cause problems with the belt drive can become the engine wheel
After graduating from the dismantling, at obvious defects of its wheels was changed to a new part. For this pulley wear on the drum shaft, the screw treated sealant and screwed back with the key.
Now we move to the stage of belt replacement. First, the belt is worn on the engine, and then pull on the big circle of the drum pulley, while turning it counter-clockwise and gradually laying in the slots provided.
Upon completion check the perfect seal with a few turns the wheel - the course it has to be tight. Then you need to return the back cover into place and secure with screws.
Deformation and damage to bearings
There are cases where the cause of the flying belt drum becomes skewed due to failure of the bearing or the deformation.
As a result, bearing wear, the user can hear unpleasant sounds during the wash cycle: creak, rattle, strange noise. In this case, the sound effects are amplified over time
The causes of failure of this part are only two:
- Wear and tear glands, resulting in a leak and the water reaches the bearing. Thus the item is covered corrosive coating.
- Long term use of a washing machine. Classic temporary deterioration factor.
The entire repair process is quite complicated, but financially justified - master service fee will cost 30-50% of the cost of a new unit.
At first, remove the cover attached with two screws behind the washing machine, and then the rear wall. You also need to remove the detergent dispenser and control panel.
After that, using a suitable tool, the clamp is removed front hatch cuff itself and the restrictive item is removed from the housing.
In each model, the washing machine can be various modifications of the cuff. flathead screwdriver or pliers suitable for removing the collar
Now unscrew the lock doors and remove all the parts together with the front panel. Then produce proportioning hopper detaching from tube extending from the drum.
In the process you need to remove all obstacles parts, loosen the hose clamp and remove it.
lock system is secured with two screws. When unscrewing them with one hand is necessary to hold the locking device between the cuff and the wall of the manhole. After unscrewing gently remove the item from the inner wall of the machine
For removal tank counterweight sufficiently screwdriver unscrew the fixing bolts. The different models of washing machines its location can be either on the front or the back side.
To remove sufficiently the counterweight initially loosen the fasteners and then unscrew them. In most models, the goods are fixed by four screws
After reaching the heating system - PETN, necessary for correct photograph wiring connections when reassembling.
Unscrew mounting, we carry out extraction from the cells having hooked a screw-driver. Pipe, the tank failed, and may also be performed are disconnected.
Depending on the modification of the washing machine heater element is placed either in front or behind. In most cases, it is performed by fixing a nut
The next step - the removal of the drive belt. All wiring, built to the motor is subject to disconnection. Further, twisting the screws that secure the motor, remove it.
Likewise cope with bolts absorbers. The right and left of the tank is a spring, to pull. Disconnecting the tubing from the tank it can be removed.
Excerpted tank must be placed on a table and then continue to take it apart. Since the rubber sleeve, most likely, it will deteriorate, and it needs to be replaced
First of all remove the cuff - this part should be replaced. However, you must first marker to make notes in the place of its location.
Remove the pulley - this process is described in detail in the previous section. After that you must try his hands sink a shaft inside the tank. If the attempt is unsuccessful, repeat using a rubber Kiyko. Now the tank is broken down into two parts.
In most cases, for mounting two tank halves used latches or screw connection. After separation of the drum can get
Dividing the tank and taking out the drum carefully inspected the state of the cross, the sleeve and the shaft. In the event that after the failure of bearings to make regular use of the washing machine, it is possible the output from the system and these parts.
Using a hammer and chisel beat out bearings. However, the whole process should be carried out with the utmost care, so as not to deform the tank. Dropped two parts should be - oil seal and bearing.
In places bearing fixation is usually going to a lot of dirt, so they must be thoroughly clean and treat the lubricating composition
Places where the bearings were installed, treated with a special composition, for example, universal lithium grease "Litol 24". At the same plots we insert the new bearings and hammered them in the same way.
At the final stage of manufacture of the tank assembly and the washing machine itself. When the connecting joint on the tank and the gasket is also necessary to lubricate only with waterproof sealant properties.
Conclusions and useful videos on the topic
In this video are described in detail the basic parameters necessary for the proper selection of the belt drive on the washing machine, as well as the possible causes of the failure of this unit:
Replace belt stiralka can even be their own. How to do it correctly, will prompt video instructions:
The most difficult problem is contributing to falling off the cliff or belt transmission, and may be hiding in the faulty bearings. How to replace them learn from the story:
If the fault of the washing machine is precisely the link between the drum and the motor, you must take a responsible approach to the selection of appropriate labeling details.
The process of replacing the belt drive is easy enough, however accompanying serious damage can significantly complicate the process. Therefore, if disassembles the tank, it is best to photograph all the details for a subsequent twisting mechanism for proper assembly.