Amaranth varieties: features and application

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amaranth amaranth plant has existed for over 5000 years. At the moment in nature there are more than 60 species of amaranth. In European countries, the plant came from Central America, where it was grown for medicinal purposes by the ancient Mayan and Aztec tribes. These are unpretentious plants that love moisture and sun. Growing them is not difficult. Very often it is grown on special fields for use on an industrial scale. It is an ideal pet food, so amaranth is often used on farms and barnyards. Edible varieties of amaranth provide healthy protein food from absolutely all of its parts: root system, leaves, stem.

Varieties of amaranth varieties

Before purchasing and planting a plant, it is necessary to determine its type and functional qualities. Amaranth can be food, feed, grain or decorative.

If we are not talking about food for animals, then it is very important to understand whether such a crop is needed on a plot of land. The main feature of the plant is a strong and rapid depletion of earthen soil.

Varieties of medicinal and food amaranth are planted on a certain area no more than once in 4 years. Food crops can be planted with the help of seeds that sprout and turn into thick seedlings. Amaranth likes abundant watering and good solar lighting.

Amaranth Kharkiv

This universal grain and fodder variety, which is the most common and popular among farmers. Kharkiv amaranth also has healing properties. It is processed into silage, green fodder, pellets, grass flour from which baked goods are baked. The period from sowing to ripening is 3.5-4 months. The variety is the most fruitful, since it gives about 50 centners of grain and more than 2000 centners of biomass for feed at the output of 1 ha.

Amaranth Giant

This sort of plant is made to produce a large grain harvest. Amaranth Giant is a universal culture, which is sometimes used as an ornamental plant. It has bright orange panicles that complement and adorn the green garden, flower garden or front garden. According to its characteristics and yield, it is compared with the Kharkov variety. In addition to a serious grain harvest, it has juicy and large leaves, which are the protein base of animal feed.

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lilies in the open ground correctly Amaranth Fortified

It is considered to be the earliest cultivar to be burnt since it gives a harvest in 50-60 days. Up to the final phase of ripening, it grows in a height of 100-150 cm. Amaranth Sturdy has very juicy and bright young shoots that are commonly used in traditional cuisine. They are involved in salads, soups, side dishes.

Leaves can produce up to 15% high quality protein.

They are used as green fodder for livestock farms. Food grain in the collar is large and dense, giving a good harvest.

Amaranth Voronezh

The culture is grown for a rich grain harvest. The growing season and growth averages 100-120 days in the warm sunny period. The average plant height reaches about 100 cm. The variety Voronezh amaranth is very good for harvesting with the help of agricultural equipment. The average yield per hectare is about 25 kg.

Amaranth White

This herbal culture is often an annual and wild plant. It can be found along the roadway, forest plantations or on waste grounds. White Amaranth got its name because of its characteristic appearance. Its stem grows up to 50-60 cm tall and has a recognizable light color. White are also elongated clusters of amaranth, which is folded into spikelets and dense inflorescences.

Valentine Amaranth

The Valentine variety is rich in natural trace elements that allow the plant to be used as an additional food in the animal ration. In height, this species can reach up to 120-160 cm. The main recognizable feature is red-violet leaves of bright color. Amaranth Valentine is used not only in agriculture, but also in the food industry. From its leaves make healthy tea to improve the digestive system.

Amaranth Universal

This variety of amaranth is the optimal combination of feed, grain and medicinal purposes. By its characteristics and appearance, it is in many ways reminiscent of Kharkiv grain amaranth. However, the Universal remains less whimsical and quickly matures in a warm spring and summer period. Its average height varies from 100 to 130 cm. The plant has fleshy leaves of dark color. Amaranth variety Universal is perfect for agricultural needs, farms and large farms.

Read also: Healing properties and rules for the use of amaranthThis is the highest type of amaranth, which at a peak point of growth reaches up to 230-250 cm. The plant supports its growth with powerful arcuate stems that have bright color. Amaranth Orange Giant is used not only as a silo for animals, but also as a tasty flour with a nutty flavor.

Amaranth Black

This culture has become extremely popular and popular lately, when healthy and healthy food has returned to fashion. The main feature of this variety is the germination of seeds and the use of shoots in the daily diet.

Black amaranth is very rich in minerals and trace elements. In addition, a small amount in food can replace the daily rate of protein in an adult.

Amaranth Green

This is an ideal type of amaranth that harmoniously dilutes flower beds, flower beds and front gardens. They are used in landscape design because of the rich and bright green color, which covered not only the stems, but also the flowers of the plant. In the photo Green amaranth often looks much more attractive than other plants with bright colors of flowers. Stalks of low color at the end of the summer period acquire a beautiful burgundy or brown color.

Amaranth Ultra

This type of plant reaches an average height of 100–130 cm for this crop. The main value of this variety lies in its high concentration of healthy oil in mature seeds. Amaranth Ultra is used in medicine and food industry. The plant is recognizable among other cultures inflorescences, painted in bright green color.

Amaranth Kinelsky

The variety Kinelsky amaranth has a specific appearance due to its fleshy stem and small thin inflorescences at the edges that resemble needles. Inflorescences are folded in this way, creating dense ears of bright red-purple color. This variety often grows independently in the wild, being a pasture in animals.

Kinel Amaranth variety herbs are rich in vitamins and useful microelements.

Amaranth Red Meath

This is a tall culture of up to 120 cm, which is the main decoration of the garden and flower beds. Its main feature is the formation of long, hanging inflorescences of bright purple or burgundy color, which are folded into dense spikelets. Amaranth Red Meath blooms for a long time, often persisting until the autumn frosts. They are often added to floral autumn compositions or they are decorated with festive events.

Read also: What do phloxes suffer from and how to treat plantsIt cannot be confused with other species of amaranth due to the characteristic formation of whole buds by the leaves. They create the illusion of a yellow sun with rays. Amaranth leaves are often confused with real flowers and are considered to be abundant buds with original petals.

Amaranth Amber

Amber plant got its name due to the formation of a dense panicle from individual inflorescences. Mature spikelets take on a bright yellow-amber shade. This is a fairly high culture, reaching up to 120-130 cm in height. Greens, trunk and leaves of amaranth Yantar is used as a nutritional complex for livestock farms.

Amaranth Molten Fayer

A bright representative of colorful amaranths, which have a sharp transition between the color spectrum of leaves. The color of the lower row of leaves has a brown-chocolate shade. The top layer of leaves always gets a crimson-red hue. In the photo amaranth Molten Fire is quite common, as they like to use it as a decorative element when making bouquets in the winter time.

Amaranth Cherginsky

This culture grows into a small bush with a height of no more than 50-60 cm. Its characteristic feature is long serpentine inflorescences of dark and bright color. After ripening at the end of the season, ready-made seeds of Cherginsky amaranth are highly valued.

They have a high concentration of oil with antioxidants, which is then used for medical purposes.

Amaranth Elegant

This variety is great for decorating landscape design. It has multi-colored sprigs of inflorescences, which can reach up to 50 cm. The entire length of the plant reaches up to 1 meter, allowing you to beautifully create flower beds or plantings along the avenue. Photos of Amaranth are distinguished from other varieties of this culture with their unusual appearance, as they are the pride of breeders.

Amaranth Illumination

Illumination is often called yellow or red amaranth due to the characteristic color of the leaves. Such an appearance they acquire during all periods of their growth. Initially, the color of the leaves is just yellow, but the older the culture becomes, the more the color changes to burgundy or red, creating a fancy pattern on the leaves. Amaranth Illumination is shown below for comparison with other cultures.

Video review of 14 varieties of amaranth

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