White cabbage is an incredibly useful vegetable with a rich vitamin and mineral composition. This explains its popularity among gardeners. Cultivation rules do not differ in complexity, but the basis of the crop yield depends on the choice of the variety.
Table of contents
- Variety of white cabbage
- Most popular
Generalized varieties of white cabbagethe seeds were harvested from the usual varieties.
- Secondary cabbage varieties Middle aged white cabbage
For more than 20 years, the situation has changed radically, and the varietal assortment of many gardeners continues to consist of 2-3 positions. And in vain, because the new developments have no less valuable qualities, which are cabbage resistance to diseases and pests .
This article discusses early-ripening, mid-ripening and late-ripening varieties of a popular vegetable with a description that will expand the variety of crops grown in your garden and in the Urals and in the middle belt.
The most popular
Cabbage variety is selected not only taking into account the winter and climatic features of the region, but also for the purpose of .The mineral and vitamin composition of each plant is different, but it is also influenced by the conditions of agrotechnology and the type of soil.
In order to choose a suitable option it was easier, the varietal assortment is divided into groups, united by a common feature.
The best late varieties of cabbage for long-term storage
The Aggressor is a medium-latex hybrid developed by breeders from Holland. It features minimal care and resistance to fusarium, thrips.
Vegetation lasts for up to 120 days , you can sow seeds directly on an open bed. Mature vegetable curls 3-5 kg. The shelf life and processing - up to 5 months .
Amager - late cabbage with maturing term 120-147 days .The heads are rounded flat green, sometimes with a bluish tinge, weight about 3-4 kg.
When planting, the following scheme is used: 3-4 plants per 1 m2.For six months, nutritional value and presentation remain. Weather cataclysms and violation of the watering regime do not violate the density of the structure and the integrity of the head.
Valentina - the growing season 155-180 days after transferring seedlings to open beds. The heads of gray-green color have a small wax coating, the weight draws up to 4 kg.
Cabbage preserves its taste and presentation until the beginning of the next season( June).The hybrid is tolerant to fusarium, gray rot. The head does not crack due to violations of the moisture regime.
Kolobok - the hybrid forms heads 115-125 days after planting seedlings. Round fruits have a dense structure, the average weight is 2-3 kg. Landing scheme: 3-4 plants per 1 m2.
Due to its good immunity, it is tolerant to point necrosis and thrips. For 8-10 months, cabbage retains its nutritional value and presentation.
Mara - very dense heads are not subject to cracking, the average weight is 3 kg. The variety has good taste, transportability and long shelf life( more than 7 months).
The main advantage is resistance to the accumulation of nitrates and radionuclides. Vegetables are harvested through 160-175 days after transplanting seedlings.
Moscow is a variety developed by domestic breeders who took into account the climatic features and possible problems with pests when growing.
Harvesting begins after 130-140 days after transplanting. Gray-green rounded cabbages hang on average 4-7 kg. When planting, the following scheme is used: 2-3 plants per 1 m2.
Megaton - a hybrid matures after 102 days after planting. The great need for moisture and fertilizer strengthens the immune system, which resists many diseases and insect invasions.
The rounded flattened head of gray-green color hangs up to 15 kg. Arrangement of holes at planting: 3 plants per 1 m2.Storage time without loss of nutritional qualities and presentable appearance - 4-6 months.
Trader is a disease-resistant high-yielding variety, it is notable for its simple agrotechnical equipment. About 500 centners are removed per hectare( head weight up to 3 kg).When planting, the following scheme is used: 3-4 plants per 1 m2.
Harvesting begins after 130-150 days after transfer to seed beds.
Atria is the fruit of the work of Dutch breeders with the growing season 110-120 days .The head has a round-flat head of blue-green color, the weight of which reaches 5-7 kg on average. Often there are instances of 8-8.5 kg. When planting, the following scheme is used: 3 plants per 1 m2.
Glory - the fruit of the work of Russian breeders, the growing season is 120-130 days after planting.
Round heads have a light green color with a grayish tint, the weight draws up to 3-5 kg. When disembarking, the wells are arranged according to the scheme: 3-4 plants per 1 m2.
The advantage of the variety is its taste, the disadvantage is short storage( about 2 months).Fame is one of the best choices for pickling.
Sugar Queen - a hybrid matures after planting seedlings through 120-140 days .Dense rounded heads have a slightly greenish tint, weight reaches 4 kg.
When planting, the following scheme is used: 3 plants per 1 m2.The grade is universal, it is used fresh and for salting. Shelf life without loss of valuable qualities is 3-4 months.
Rinda - the maturation of the hybrid is 75-80 days after transplanting. Round heads weighing up to 7 kg have a green color and dense structure. The layout of the holes: plant 3-5 plants per 1 m2.Differs unpretentiousness to weather conditions.
Kazdachok - an early hybrid is notable for early maturity, you can harvest through 45-55 days after transplanting. The weight of a medium-sized light green head is 1.5 kg.
Scheme used for planting: 5-6 plants per 1 m2.It is recommended for cultivation under any film and in open ground. Cabbage confronts pathogens of mucous bacteriosis and black leg.
June - the variety is ready for planting in open ground at the beginning of May, after 45-50 days can be harvested. The structure of the head is of average density, weight reaches 1.4-1.7 kg. When grown on highly fertile soils, the weight of the head reaches 5 kg.
Arrangement of holes during planting: 3-5 plants per 1 m2.Cabbage is distinguished by the amicable appearance of shoots and excellent taste.
Tobiah is a Dutch hybrid characterized by resistance to fusarium wilt. The layout of the holes when planting: 2-3 plants per 1 m2.Round-flat heads of dark green color reach a mass of up to 7 kg. Fruit ripening occurs after 85-90 days after transplanting.
It has a strong root system, in case of violation of the irrigation regime, the head does not crack. For 5-6 months, preserves the taste and commercial quality.
Varietal diversity will ensure yields even under difficult weather conditions, because each plant has its own immunity to disease and pests. The taste qualities of the varieties stimulate new experiments that are already going on in the kitchen.