Peculiarities of home care when growing singonium at homeclimbing vines with recognizable, like all aroniyevyh, arrow-shaped leaves, desirable to many growers. Yes, and how not to fall in love with the syngonium, growing this luxurious flower at home does not require much effort, and the decorative effect is amazing!
Features of care when growing singonium at home
In nature, syngoniums inhabit tropical rain forests. Having the form of creepers, the plants make excellent use of the opportunity to climb tree trunks to a great height. Numerous aerial roots that form over each interstitial not only help to climb vertical surfaces, but also supply the stems and leaves with nutrition and atmospheric moisture.
If you comply with the requirements of singonium for growing it at home, the flower responds with rapid growth and beautiful foliage, which in most species has an original motley color in green, silver, pink and purple. In nature, the syngonium blooms, forming dense buds of a greenish or yellowish shade, protected by purple or white-pink bracts. However, when growing syngonium at home, very few growers can see the flowering.
Lighting for singonium
Wild-growing syngoniums are always hidden under the canopy of the forest. At home, a place suitable for a flower can be found on the eastern and western windows. Even on the northern side in spring and summer the plant will be comfortable.
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But in the winter, when daylight is decreasing, such lighting for the syngonium is insufficient. This is expressed by:
- in pulling internodes;
- in reducing the size of sheet plates;
- leaf fading.
In the cold season, it is better to pick a flower that is brighter, protected from direct rays, or arrange for artificial lighting. It does not satisfy the requirements of the syngonium when growing a house placing a pot on the south side. Here the plant quickly turns pale, loses foliage and may die.
Temperature and Humidity for the Content of Singonium
Unpretentious, hardy Singonium perfectly takes root at home and does not require the maintenance of special temperature conditions.
In the warm season, the optimum temperature for the maintenance of syngonium is 20–24 ºC.In winter, when active growth slows down, it may be somewhat cooler in a room with a flower, but the temperature should not fall below 16 ºC.
However, it is unlikely that it will be possible to artificially reduce the temperature background in a residential apartment, and working heating mercilessly dries the air. Therefore, in the winter, it is useful to use any available methods of humidification, be it:
- electrical household appliances;
- pallets with expanded clay, filled with water;
- irrigation of foliage with clean, softened moisture.
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The same measures are being taken in the summer heat. The increased air humidity for the syngonium makes it possible to transfer even serious temperature rises more easily and without losses.
From spring to mid-autumn, it is useful to wipe the leaf plates with a damp cloth or sponge dipped in warm distilled water.
Watering Rules for Syngonium
Syngonium, like other inhabitants of the humid tropics, loves moisture. Therefore, the soil under the flower must be kept moderately moist, but not overly saturated with moisture. Are there more precise rules for watering syngonium? How to comply with the measure and do not harm the plant?
The lack of moisture leads to a weakening and wilting of the flower, especially if the specimen growing at home is large. Excess water in the soil leads to acidification of the substrate, acidification of the roots and the aerial parts of the plant.
In order to meet the requirements of singonium for growing it at home, the soil is often moistened, abundantly, but waiting for the surface of the soil to dry out. Flowing into the pan mind drained. If the plant is contained in the winter garden at low temperatures, watering from autumn to spring is reduced. In room conditions the need for water almost does not change.
Leaf irrigation is very important for ampelous syngonium plants, which receive water not only from the soil, but also from the air.
Transplantation, fertilizer and soil selection for the syngonium
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When choosing a soil for the syngonium, you can stop at the ready-made mixtures with a neutral or weakly acid reaction. But many gardeners pick up the soil with their own hands, using:
- moved peat;
- leaf ground;
- coarse sand;
- turf soil.
The components are taken in equal shares, mixed, and when growing singonium at home, they are well heated in an oven or microwave. This measure will help protect the flower from the attack of soil fungi and pests.
At the time of planting a flower is useful to take care of support. It is strengthened in the depth of the drainage layer, then poured a layer of soil on which the young plant or transplanted adult specimen is placed.
Active flower growth needs regular support. In the warm season, the plant is fed every two weeks using liquid complex means for decorative and deciduous crops. Fertilizers for syngonium must contain nitrogen, a complete set of trace elements with the exception of calcium.
When growing syngonium at home, one should remember that the plant, like all aronium, is somewhat toxic. Contact with the skin or mucous membranes of caustic juice that appears when cutting the stems and leaves, can adversely affect your health, cause pain in the eyes, burning, redness of the affected areas or allergic reactions.
Subtleties in the care of the syngonium - video