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Jasmine shrub - a perennial crop, olive family. Flower valued for its exquisite beauty and unusual, strawberry aroma. Previously, the plant grew only in countries with favorable, warm climatic conditions. But thanks to the time-consuming work of breeders, the culture is gaining popularity every year in the territory of Russia in the decoration of the landscape. To breed a decorative flower in your backyard, you need to familiarize yourself with all its subspecies, learn the planting technique and further care.
Description of jasmine varieties
Over the past tens of centuries, many varieties of jasmine have been developed for various countries and regions. Beautiful frost-resistant varieties that harmonize well with each other in landscape design are most popular in Russia. Consider the most common ones.
A perennial culture of the family of hydrangea garden jasmine chubushnik has many subspecies. It has nothing to do with real jasmine, except for fragrant flowers. Shrub of a decorative look, from 65 cm to 6 - 6,5 meters high. Barrel straight, gray. In some varieties of garden jasmine foliage is ovoid, in others it is broadly ovoid. Many plants belonging to this species have evergreen foliage. The flowers are yellow or white have the following forms:
- is simple.
Blossoming jasmine garden in June and July. The main advantages of garden culture is considered to be an unsurpassed fragrance and clusters of white or cream flowers beautifully descending to the bottom.
Chubushnik ordinary is found not only in private gardens, but also in urban parks. Differs plant abundant fragrant flowering, lasting about a month. Flowers tightly attached along the entire length of the branch. For lush flowering bushes do not require special care. It grows well in the shade and under the scorching rays of the sun. It tolerates severe frosts and summer droughts.
Virginia, aka Terry Jasmine. Culture refers to the type of garden jasmine. Volumetric bush plants in height and diameter can reach from 2 to 3 meters. Shoots upright. The foliage is decorative, large, about 7 cm long. In summer, the leaves are saturated green, but in autumn they change their color to bright yellow, which surprisingly transforms the garden in cloudy weather. Flowers are large, white. Inflorescence collected in 10 pairs. The flower blooms gradually at the end of June and continues to bloom until the 3rd decade of July.
Despite the fact that Virginia is a frost-resistant culture, without proper care, shoots can frost up during spring frosts.
Sambuck, or jasmine curling garden. The plant belongs to the family olive. The flower reaches from 0.5 to 3 meters in height. The leaves are ovoid, leathery, 4–11 cm long and 2–7 cm wide. The flowers are white, very fragrant, have a semi-double or terry shape. The inflorescence is collected from 3 to 12 groups at the ends of the branches. A distinctive feature of this plant is that the flowers open only at night, and close in the morning.
Jasmine Kustarnikovy - upright shrub up to 1.5 meters. The shoots are flexible, green. The leaf distribution is spiral. Leaves are pinnate, trifoliate. The leaves are narrowly elliptic, obtuse, ciliate along the edges. The plates on both sides are shiny, dark green in color, on the underside of a lighter color. Jasmine shrub begins to bloom from late May to early July. The flowers are rich yellow in color, gathered up to 5 pieces in one umbrella. The flower comes into fruition at the end of August.
Jasmine Airborne Assault
Jasmine Airborne Assault is a perennial crop. The bush grows to 2 meters. The branches are straight. The leaves are dark green, ornamental. The plant begins to bloom in early July, with a long period of up to 30 days. Flowers cream or white, have a pleasant, strawberry flavor. The inflorescence of this variety in form resembles the bells, which are located along the entire surface of the branches. Under their weight, the branches lean to the bottom, which gives the plant a decorative look.
Jasmine Ermine Mantle
Jasmine Ermine Mantle is a variety of garden jasmine. The plant has a compact, deciduous shrub, not exceeding 1 meter. The foliage is elongated, egg-shaped, with well-visible veins. Garden culture begins to bloom in late May, with a flowering period of 1.5 months. The terry inflorescence of snow-white color, has pleasant, sweet aroma which extends at a great distance.
Jasmine Mont Blanc
Jasmine Mont Blanc is a variety of French selection. The plant belongs to dwarf cultures. The height of the bush reaches no more than 1 meter. Brown shoots slightly down to the bottom. The leaves are small in size, 3 - 4 cm. With smooth edges. White flowers of a semi-terry type in dense groups of 5 pieces are located on a short inflorescence. The plant begins to bloom in mid-June, with a duration of 1 month. When flowering bush looks completely white.
Under a large number of buds, the branches often lean toward the base of the earth. To do this, in order to make the bush look more elegant, supports are installed under it.
Jasmine Coronet - deciduous shrub. The plant has a gray, straight trunk. Light - green leaves of oval shape, do not exceed 7 cm. Long. Simple or terry inflorescences of 3–9 pieces, assembled in a compact brush. The culture reaches a height of no more than 4 meters. Crown jasmine blooms in mid-June, 2 - 3 weeks. Petals white - cream color, with a pronounced honey aroma.
Considering the jasmine varieties that are recommended for growing in Russia, you need to familiarize yourself with the rules of planting.
Jasmine is an ornamental shrub that can grow on any soil. But for the best survival of seedlings, you need to consider the following recommendations:
- The plant does not like stagnant water. Therefore, the place for planting is chosen with deep groundwater.
- For good rooting, seedlings are planted in late spring or early autumn.
- The location of the wells is scheduled taking into account the adult plant.
- Dig a hole no more than 50 cm.
- Soil is fertilized with 30 grams.nitrophoxy.
- Sapling planted only in moist soil.
When planting, it is impossible to deepen the root system by more than 3 cm.
After the work done around Jasmine, they tamp the soil well and water it abundantly. Here it should also be noted that one proper planting is not enough for good plant development. Care and agrotechnology play a large role in the growth and flowering of decorative culture.
Features of growing
Having planted jasmine shrubs on your plot, do not forget about his care, since its rapid growth and further abundant flowering depend on it. The main features of growing shrubs include the following work:
- Feeding promotes proper development and good growth. Fertilize the plant begin one year after planting. Mineral fertilizers in the form of a solution of 15 grams.urea, 30 gr.superphosphate, 15 gr.sulfuric potassium and 10 liters.water, contribute to the soil in early autumn. In spring, the plant is fed with organic fertilizers with water at the rate of 1: 10.
- Formation of the crown improves the beautiful appearance of the plant and promotes abundant flowering. Pruning branches carried out in early spring. In strong branches, only the tops are shortened, weak shoots cut off half. It is also necessary to annually carry out sanitary pruning, thinning the bush from excess shoots and wilted flowers. After the work, in order to avoid contamination of the plant with fungal diseases, it is recommended to treat all sections with garden pitch.
- Preparation for the winter period - prevents frosting of shrub jasmine during severe frosts. To protect the root system, in the late autumn around the plant the soil is mulched with compost or humus. In order to avoid the death of a young culture, the flower itself is completely covered with a covering white material, and fixed so that when the winds are not exposed, it will bare the seedling's trunk.
For a good development of a jasmine bush, planting and care should be carried out using the above listed technologies. Only in this case the plant will have strong leaves and annual flowering.
Having considered all the characteristics of the variety, Jasmine garden shrubs can be called a business card for a backyard. Ease in planting and care, save every gardener's spare time. And the charming aroma of snow-white decorative flowers will attract the attention of even the most fastidious taster in perfumery.