's contentThe culture grows in mountainous terrain and in deciduous forests. The land of lemongrass is the land of Japan, Korea, China. The culture also develops well in Sakhalin, Moscow region, and the Urals. Care and cultivation of Chinese magnolia is quite simple. Because of their simplicity, they increasingly prefer to see summer residents at their sites.
Description of the plant
Chinese Lemongrass is a perennial tree vine that grows in nature up to 150 meters in length. Belongs to the family of limonnikovyh. The stem is slightly wrinkled and well branched. Its thickness reaches 2 cm. Depending on the age, the shoots may have a different shade. A young creeper has a yellowish stem, and in plants older than 5 years, the color changes to brown-black.
Leaves of lemongrass arranged alternately. They have an average thickness and are presented in the form of an ellipse. The upper part of the bright green hue, and the lower - much paler. The tops of the plates are pointed.
Far East or Chinese Schisandra, as it is also called, has cross-pollination.
The buds of Chinese Schizandra in loose form are very similar to Actinidia flowers. They are located on long stalks and have a light pink shade. During flowering around the vine keeps a pleasant aroma, which is able to surprise all visitors. This period of lemongrass falls on the month of May. It lasts until the middle of June. At the end of flowering berries are formed. They are collected in spiky brushes. In each of them can be from 23 to 26 fruits.
Chinese Lemongrass is a plant whose spherical berries have five tastes. Inside each are two pods of yellowish hue. Also, seeds can become brown or brown. Ripe berries have a rich burgundy tone. When chewing appears distinct spicy, salty, sour, bitter and slightly hot taste.
The uniqueness of this plant lies in the leaves. When rubbed, a pronounced lemon flavor appears. It is from this and the name of this plant.
Cultivated in Russia varieties of Schisandra Chinese
Only a few varieties successfully amenable to cultivation at the cottages near Moscow, the Urals and Siberia:
- Volgar. This is a late ripening variety. Young shoots in this vine have a light green tint. A brush of berries weighs about 7.5 grams. Fruits are round with a thin skin. They have a sour-resinous flavor. This species tolerates severe winters and copes well with droughts. Because of these characteristics, this variety of Chinese magnolia is often used for cultivation in the Leningrad region.
- Debut. This species refers to plants with medium ripening periods. Liana has light green shoots that eventually become gray-brown. The brush of berries consists of 30 fruits of a carmine-red shade. Each of them weighs about 1 gram. They differ in thick skin and cylindrical shape. Variety Debut refers to winter-hardy and drought-resistant lianas.
- Myth. A distinctive feature of this plant is a brush that weighs about 7.1 grams. The berries are dark red in color. They are round and slightly sour to the taste.
- Firstborn. This is a late ripening variety. The twigs of the plant are quite thin. There are a lot of them on the vine, and they are copiously curled. Berries are sour. Their number in one brush can reach 12 pieces.
Each of the above types has its own beneficial properties. Since ancient times, this plant has been used to treat many diseases. The fruits of this culture have various biological components. The pulp of the berries is rich in essential oils, acids, carbohydrates and vitamin C.
You can see the photo of proper planting and care for lemongrass Chinese. Observing all the requirements, the plant will certainly please with a beautiful flowering and abundant harvest.
Rules for growing lemongrass
Liana does not need special care. To grow a beautiful plant, it is enough to follow the basic rules. Particular attention should be paid to the landing site. Much depends on the choice of the site. If you ignore the requirements, Liana can simply dry out.
When planting and caring for Chinese lemongrass in the Moscow region, take into account that the plant needs an eight-hour light day.
The plant prefers a well-lit area. The best place is on the south side. At the same time it is important to ensure that the shadow of buildings does not fall on the vine. When planting and leaving Chinese magnolia in the Urals, it is necessary to take into account that the plant is not in a draft. If this is ignored, in winter, even frost-resistant varieties are able to freeze.
Soil for planting
Before planting a young plant in open ground, it is necessary to properly prepare the ground. The first thing to do - loosen. After the landing site is dug up, you will need to fertilize it. For this it is better to use humus. Also a good option is peat and wood ash. When planting should not forget about the drainage. It is recommended to lay pebbles or crushed bricks on the bottom of the recess.
Planting should be carried out in the soil, which warmed up to at least +100 C.
You can grow a young plant in several ways. The most common is grafting. Liana, derived by this method, begins to bear fruit in the second year of his life.
for drip watering of beds. If you want to grow lemongrass from seeds, put them in the soil in the fall. Carry out the procedure before the first frost.
Young vines should be watered every day. As soon as they are accepted, the number of procedures can be reduced by half. If watering is carried out during the day, then water is better to pour at the root. Adult plants during the hot period of the year are irrigated with liquid with the calculation of 5 buckets per liana. To keep the moisture well in the area of the root system, do not forget about mulching.
This is an important step in growing a plant. That the liana was beautiful and gave qualitative fruits, it is necessary to feed up culture three times a season. The first procedure should be carried out in the spring. Nitrogen preparations are best for this period. The second dressing should be made after flowering. The best option in this case are organic products. The last procedure is recommended after harvesting.
Lemongrass - a plant that is practically not sick. Occasionally, it can be affected by powdery mildew, black spot, phyllocytosis. Such problems mainly arise from improper care. To get rid of pests, the vine is treated with a fungicide, which can be bought at any specialty store.
Anyone who decides to grow Chinese lemongrass on their plot will certainly be satisfied. Care for such a liana is easy. Even a teenager can cope with this task.