If you like to experiment and look for new varieties of tomatoes for your plot, in this case you will appreciate the early variety of tomatoes Klusha , the description and characteristics of which are presented below.
Table of ContentsThanks to the work of Russian breeders in 2006, this remarkable variety of tomatoes was obtained. The variety got its name due to its similarity with chicken, hiding under itself chickens. This species belongs to the varieties of early aging. All regions of Russia are suitable for cultivation.
The bush is low, grows from 40 to 60 cm. The leaves are dark green in color. During the flowering period, 7-8 inflorescences are formed, which subsequently almost all give an ovary. Due to the fact that the bush is compact, it can be grown on the windowsill or on the balcony. Does not require a garter and pinching. A fertile variety, with proper care from one bush, 2.5–3 kg of fruits can be obtained.
The advantages and disadvantages of
The benefits of tomato Klusha include:
- high immunity to diseases;
- abundant fruiting ;
- excellent taste data ;
- versatility application( salads, canning);
- good trade dress ;
- does not require garter and removal of shoots;
- good transportability .
The disadvantages of gardeners include only the presence of a large number of leaves.
Seed preparation is carried out in several stages:
- selection of high-quality seeds by soaking in saline;
- disinfection with 1% solution of potassium permanganate;
- growth stimulant treatment;
- seed germination;
- warming up.
It is recommended to take the soil from the garden where zucchini, parsley and carrots used to grow.
Mix the ground from the garden in equal proportions with sifted river sand and peat. It is not worth adding ashes, as this variety loves slightly acidic soil, although it feels comfortable with a neutral level of acidity. The prepared mixture is steamed or poured with strong manganese solution to destroy the pest larvae. In the prepared soil can be planted seeds.
The optimum seed planting time is at the end of March. Sow the seeds in plastic containers, deepening them by 1 cm. The distance between the seeds 2,5 see After sowing, moisten the ground, cover it with glass and take it to a warm well-lit room. When the first germs appear, the glass is removed, the soil is moistened with a spray bottle.
If there are two leaves in a seedling, seedlings should be transplanted into separate containers. It is necessary to transplant plants with extreme caution, with a clod of earth from the previous place of growth, so as not to damage the root system that has not yet become stronger. One week after transplantation, fertilizing is recommended. You can use fermented chicken manure or mullein.
Planted plants in open ground in the presence of 3-4 leaves. The seedling age at this point is 55 —60 days. Before planting, seedlings must be hardened. To do this, reduce the temperature in the room to 18 degrees, or put the plants on the balcony.
Transplanting seedlings into open ground and subsequent care
transplanted to seedlings transplanted on May 12-15.By this time, the height of the seedlings should be 20-25 cm. On open beds, seedlings are planted in late May or early June. The soil in the garden should be watered with a strong solution of manganese for disinfection. On 1 apt.meter planted 6 bushes. Before landing, ½ bucket of warm water should be poured into each well. It should not be much deeper plants, as the bushes do not grow tall, and the ovary in this case will touch the ground. Watering need tomatoes as the soil dries.
Another important condition for better plant growth is weeding and loosening the soil. Loosening should be done after each irrigation, so that the root system receives more oxygen. Timely removal of weeds will also have a beneficial effect on plant growth. Weeds shade seedlings and pull nutrients from the soil.
. First dressing needs to be done two weeks after transplanting. For this purpose, it is better to use nitroammophos fertilizer. Add a matchbox of fertilizer to 10 liters of water. For subsequent dressings, it is better to use complex mineral fertilizers.
Mature fruits without damage should be selected. Cut into slices, with a spoon, select the seeds along with the juice and place them in a glass jar for fermentation. The juice should cover the seeds. Cover the bank from the top, but not tightly, so that there is oxygen access.
Seed is fermented within 24 hours. The procedure is considered complete if the seeds have sunk to the bottom, and the juice has brightened considerably. We pour out the juice from the jar, wash the seeds well, pour it on a paper towel to dry. Drying procedure takes a week .Dry seeds collected in a paper envelope or rag bag. Store in a dark and dry place.
Diseases and pests
The plants of this variety have a fairly high immunity to diseases. However, in case of violation of growing conditions this variety can be affected:
- Gray rot .In order to prevent the need to add ash to the soil;
- Phytophlorosis . In the event of a bush injury, treatment with phytosporin is recommended;
- Vertex rot .Soil treatment with a concentrated solution of 0.4% potassium chloride;
- Streptoriosis .Spraying bushes of blue vitriol.
Pests affecting this variety are: aphid
- Colorado potato beetle;
- spider mite;
- slugs are naked.
To destroy these pests process bushes with copper sulphate. With the invasion of aphids fighting with a solution of ash or laundry soap.
When harvesting, these recommendations should be observed:
- plucking the fruits of is necessary when dyeing them in a characteristic color for the variety;
- stalk remove;
- decompose tomatoes in boxes ;
- for storage of for storage of fruits wrapped with paper ;
- pour tomato layers with dry sawdust or hay( this will extend the shelf life, prevent damage during transportation).
Harvested fruits are used for canning, juicing, as well as fresh to make snacks and salads.
With its unpretentious and abundant fruiting , the Klusha variety has won the love of gardeners. We recommend to please yourself and your family of excellent quality tomatoes.